Rethinking administrative documents' validity to cutoff greenhouse gas emissions by million tons

https://doi.org/10.22146/jrekpros.85112

Khaled Moustafa(1*)

(1) The Arabic Preprint Server/Arabic Science Archive (ArabiXiv)
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Climate change is a multi-hazard challenge for life on earth in all its aspects. Wildfires, pollution, drought and heatwaves are just a few examples of exacerbated environmental crises propelled by climate change effects. To mitigate such effects, urgent actions are required to cutoff greenhouse gas emissions by all the means across all the sectors. Every additional kilogram of greenhouse gases produced unnecessarily should be avoided. One source of greenhouse gas emissions that may not be top of mind for the public and policymakers - and which can be taken into account in preventive environmental policies- is the industry of administrative and identification documents (papers) with short validity dates that involves intensive production (mass printing) and frequent renewals (mass reprinting) while the carbon footprint is too high. The validity of, for example, identity cards, passports, banking cards, driving licenses, etc., is often short ranging from ~ 3 to 10 years, depending on each type of document and issuing country. Short validity dates, however, should raise critical questions regarding the environmental sustainability, societal and carbon impact, and depletion of natural resources used in their production and frequent renewals. Identification documents are not food products that spoil over time or medications that lose their functional activities, so their validity should be unlimited by time in order to avoid the high environmental costs of mass printing/reprinting and high rates of greenhouse gas emissions associated with their production. The production of plasticized ID-type cards can emit up to 100 grams of carbon dioxide equivalent per card. Manufacturing one administrative document per person and renewing it five times could produce up to 4 million tons of carbon dioxide globally. If individuals have five administrative documents that need renewing five times, which is often the case, gas emissions would be five times higher, or approximately 20 million tons of CO2 equivalent. To save such important amounts of gas emissions, a modernization and flexibilization of administrative documents industry is required toward removing validity by date. This simple change could save substantial amounts of energy and natural resources, such as trees and water, while also reducing greenhouse gas emissions by million tons, especially in the pressing context of climate change. It should be time to initiate a paradigm shift in the administrative document industry. Eliminating validity periods is a straightforward yet effective solution that would significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote sustainable environmental practices.


Keywords


carbon dioxide footprint; carbon neutrality; environmental policy; administrative papers; administrative document validity; sustainable governance

Full Text:

PDF


References

Ishaque W, Tanvir R, Mukhtar M. 2022. Climate change and water crises in Pakistan: Implications on water quality and health risks. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2022:1–12. doi:10.1155/2022/5484561.

Li YH, Savvides M. 2009. Iris recognition, overview. In: Encyclopedia of Biometrics. Boston, MA: Springer US. p. 810– 819. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_252.

Liersch I. 2017. ID cards and passports. In: Smart Cards, Tokens, Security and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing. p. 387–412. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-505 00-8_14.

Marinović D, Njirić S, Coklo M, Muzić V. 2011. Personal identification by eyes. Collegium antropologicum. 35 Suppl 2(August 2014):347–50. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/p ubmed/22220469.

Microbe TL. 2021. Climatechange: fires, floods, and infectious diseases. The Lancet Microbe. 2(9):e415. doi:10.1016/s266 6-5247(21)00220-2.

Morone P, Reibstein R. 2023. Societal impacts: New challenge for researcher. Societal Impacts. 1(1-2):100001. doi:10.1016/j.socimp.2023.100001.

Pillai JK, Patel VM, Chellappa R, Ratha NK. 2011. Secure and robust iris recognition using random projections and sparse representations. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence. 33(9):1877–1893. doi: 10.1109/TPAMI.2011.34.

Ravin JG. 2016. Iris recognition technology (or, musings while going through airport security). Ophthalmology. 123(10):2054–2055. doi:10.1016/j.ophtha.2016.07.021.

The International Energy Agency. 2021. Global energi review:CO2 Emmisions in 2021. https://www.iea.org/report s/global-energy-review-co2-emissions-in-2021-2.

The Lancet. 2022. 2022 heatwaves: a failure to proactively manage the risks. The Lancet. 400(10350):407. doi:10.1 016/S0140-6736(22)01480-5.

Trüggelmann U. 2012. Carbon footprint of the card industry. Technical report. International Card Manufacturers Asscociation. New Jersey, USA.

United States Enviromental Protection Agency. 2023. Sources of greenhouse gas emissions. h t t p s ://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/sources-greenhous e-gas-emissions.

Urrutia-Pereira M, Badellino H, Ansotegui IJ, Guidos G, Solé D. 2022. Climate change and allergic diseases in children and adolescents. Allergologia et Immunopathologia. 50(SP1):7–16. doi:10.15586/aei.v50isp1.545.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jrekpros.85112

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 189 | views : 111

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2023 The authors

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Rekayasa Proses  (print ISSN 1978-287X; online ISSN 2549-1490) is published by Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada. View website statistics.