Studi Tekno-Ekonomi Pemurnian Biogas dari Limbah Domestik

https://doi.org/10.22146/jrekpros.4695

Akhwari Wahyu P(1*), Moh Fahrurrozi(2), Muslikhin Hidayat(3)

(1) 
(2) 
(3) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract



Pemurnian biogas untuk meningkatkan nilai kalor pembakaran dan mencegah korosi. Biogas yang berkomposisi 95% CH4 dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai pengganti gas alam kualitas pipeline. Penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari kelayakan secara teknis dan ekonomi metode pemurnian biogas, nilai production cost, kapasitas scale-up.
Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder dari pilot plant Biogas Pasar Induk Buah dan Sayuran Gemah Ripah, Gamping, Sleman. Penelitian menghitung nilai production cost dan kapasitas scale-up untuk tiap metode pemurnian biogas. Sensitivity analysis yang dilakukan pada perubahan komposisi gas CH4 terhadap nilai perbandingan laju solven terhadap laju biogas pada menara absorber dan perubahan harga limbah serta perubahan finances.
Secara ekonomi pemurnian biogas paling murah menggunakan water scrubber dengan kapasitas minimum 100 ton limbah domestik/hari. Nilai production cost yang lebih rendah dari harga gas alam kualitas pipeline berkisar antara 6-10 US$/MMBtu. Sensitivity analysis menghasilkan perubahan nilai L/G berkisar 0,005-0,025; variasi harga limbah dari penurunan sampai dengan kenaikan 100% dan perubahan finances 0-15 %, masing-masing memberikan perubahan production cost antara 3-8 US$/MMBtu dan 2-14 US$/MMBtu.

Kata kunci : pemurnian biogas, limbah domestik, tekno-ekonomi, biometan

Biogas purification can increase the caloric value of combustion and prevent corrosion. Biogas with 95% of methane is similar to pipeline quality natural gas. The objective of this research was to study technical and economical feasibility of biogas purification and also to estimate gas production cost and scale up capacities.
This research used the secondary data from pilot plant of Biogas of Pasar Induk Buah dan Sayuran Gemah Ripah, Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta. This research was to obtain the production cost and scale up capacities for each biogas purification method. The sensitivity analysis was conducted to study the influence of gas composition ranged at 30-70% CH4 toward the flow of absorbent to gas ratio, the price of waste changed from decreasing 100% up to increasing 100% and the finance changed ranged at 0-15% to the change of production cost.
The result showed that water scrubber was the cheapest method for scrubbing impurities. The production cost of scale up capacities compared to the price of pipeline quality natural gas which ranged at 6-10 US$/MMBtu. The minimum capacity of economical biogas purification methods was 100 tons waste/day. The influence of gas composition ranged at 30-70% of CH4 produced the L/G value change in the absorber column ranged at 0,005-0,025; the influence of waste price from decreasing and up to increasing 100% and finances from 0-15% produced the production cost change ranged at 3-8 US$/MMBtu and 2-14 US$/MMBtu respectively.

Keywords: biogas purification, domestic waste, techno-economic, bio-methane.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jrekpros.4695

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