Sintesis ZSM-5 dari Coal Fly Ash (CFA) dengan Sumber Silika Penambah yang Berasal dari Abu Sekam Padi: Pengaruh Rasio SiO2/Al2O3 Terhadap Kristalinitas Produk

https://doi.org/10.22146/jrekpros.11374

Azlia Metta(1*), Simparmin Br Ginting(2), Hens Saputra(3)

(1) 
(2) 
(3) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Coal Fly Ash and rice husk ash can be utilized by converting it into ZSM-5 synthetic zeolite. One of the influencing factors of ZSM-5 synthetis is ratio of SiO2/Al2O3. Synthesis of ZSM-5 was carried out in an autoclave at a temperature of 180°C with a variation of the ratio of SiO2/Al2O3, namely 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 mol/mol during 24 hour crystallization using TPABr template. Characterization of ZSM-5 was conducted using X-ray Diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Adsorption-Desorption Analysis of Nitrogen and Acidity. The results showed that the ZSM-5 was formed in all the variations of SiO2/Al2O3 ratios with the highest percent crystallinity of 52.83%, at the ratio of 50 mol/mol. All products are still in accompany with the formation of side products such as Analsime and Silica Oxide. The ZSM-5 crystal product was in hexagonal shape. Results from Adsorption-Desorption Analysis of Nitrogen indicated that all products were mesoporous materials.

Keywords: crystallinity, mesopore, ZSM-5, silica, rice husk, SiO2/Al2O3 ratio

Limbah Coal Fly Ash dan abu sekam padi dapat dimanfaatkan dengan mengkonversi limbah menjadi zeolit sintesis ZSM-5. Salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi sintesis ZSM-5 adalah rasio SiO2/Al2O3. Sintesis ZSM-5 dilakukan di dalam autoklaf pada suhu 180C dengan variasi rasio SiO2/Al2O3 yaitu 20, 30, 40, 50 dan 60 mol/mol selama waktu kristalisasi 24 jam menggunakan template TPABr. Karakterisasi ZSM-5 menggunakan metode Difraksi Sinar X, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Adsorpsi – Desorpsi Nitrogen dan Analisis Keasaman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ZSM-5 terbentuk pada semua variasi SiO2/Al2O3. Persen kristalinitas produk ZSM-5 sebesar 52,83%, ada pada rasio 50 mol/mol. Semua produk masih disertai terbentuknya produk samping seperti Analsime dan Silika Oksida. Kristal ZSM-5 yang dihasilkan berbentuk heksagonal. Hasil Analisis Adsorpsi-Desorpsi nitorgen mengindikasikan bahwa semua sampel adalah material mesopori.

Kata kunci: kristalinitas, mesopori, ZSM-5, sekam, rasio SiO2/Al2O3


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jrekpros.11374

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