Pengalaman Musikal dalam Teori Kecerdasan Majemuk Howard Gardner

https://doi.org/10.22146/jksks.52258

Untsa Akramal Atqa(1*), G.R. Lono Lastoro Simatupang(2), Royke B. Koapaha(3)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Pengkajian Seni Pertunjukan dan Seni Rupa, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Institut Seni Indonesia, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The interest in music studies from various disciplines has increased in recent years. This is because the results of studies that show musical abilities are related to non-musical abilities. One example is research on music and intelligence. Music with intellectual intelligence and emotional intelligence has been proven to have strong relationships. Therefore, this paper was made as one of the studies on the relationship of music with intelligence, especially multiple intelligences that have not been widely studied before. The research method used is the study of literature. This literature study aims to build and construct conceptions more strongly based on empirical studies that have been done before.


Keywords


Musical Experience, Multiple Intelligences.



References

Anonim. “The Benefits of Music Education”, dalam The Royal Conservatory of Music. (2O14). Ariani, Nyoman Wiraadi Tria dan Luh Made Karisma Sukmayanti S. “Hubungan Intensitas Latihan Musik Gamelan Bali dan Kecerdasan Emosional.” Jurnal Psikologi Udayana, Vol. 1, No. 1 (2013). Azwar, Saifuddin. Pengantar Psikologi Inteligensi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2008. Bamberger, Jeanne. “The Development of Intuitive Musical Understanding: A Natural Experiment.” Psychology of Music, Vol. 1 (2003). Chiarelott, Leigh. “Dewey’s Theory of Experience.” The Social Studies, Vol. 7, No. 2 (1979): 81-85. Chyuan, Chin Tan dan Nikki S. Rickard, “The Music USE (MUSE) Questionnaire: An Instrument to Measure Engagement in Music.” Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal, Vol. 29, No. 4 (2012): 429- 430. Degé, Franziska, Claudia Kubicek, dan Gudrun Schwarzer. “Music Lessons and Intelligence: A Relation Mediated by Executive Functions.” Music Perception: An Iterdisciplinary Journal, Vol. 29, No. 2 (2011). Demorest, Steven M. dan Steven J. Morrison. “Does Music Make You Smarter?.” Music Educators Journal, Vol. 87, No. 2 (2000). Djohan. Psikologi Musik. Yogyakarta: Best Publisher, 2009. Ellfira, Septa. “Hubungan Karakter Musik Klasik dan Pop-Jazz dengan Kecerdasan Emosi (EQ) Mahasiswa Jurusan Musik Institut Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta.” Skripsi, Institut Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta, 2015. Gardner, Howard. Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice. New York: Basic Books, 1993. _________________. Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for The 21st Century. New York: Basic Books, 1999. _________________. Frames of Mind. New York: Basic Books, 2004. _________________. “On the Three Faces of Intelligence.” Daedalus, Vol. 131, No. 1 (2002). Hallam, Susan dan Ioulia Papageorgi. “Conceptions of Musical Understanding.” Research Studies in Music Education, Vol. 38, No. 2 (2016). Kalat. Biopsikologi. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika, 2014. Khaterina dan Lili Garliah. “Perbedaan Kecerdasan Emosi pada Pria dan Wanita yang Mempelajari dan yang Tidak Mempelajari Alat Musik Piano.” Predicara, Vol. 1, No. 1 (2012). Killough, Cynthia, M. Laura A. Thompson dan Gin Morgan. “Self-Regulation and Working Memory in Musical Performers.” Psychology of Music, Vol. 43, No. 1 (2015): 101-102. Lumbantoruan, Jagar. “Latar Belakang Pengalaman Musikal dan Kemampuan Dasar Vokalia Mahasiswa Baru.” Jurnal Bahasa dan Seni, Vol. 10, No. 1 (2009). Miendlarzewska, Ewa A dan Wiebke J. Trost. “How Musical Training Affects Cognitive Development: Rhythm, Reward and Other Modulating Variables.” Frontiers in Neuroscience, Vol. 7, No. 279 (2014): 1-18. Purwanto. “Kecerdasan: Konsep dan Pengukurannya.” Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Vol. 16, No.4 (2010): 477-478. Schellenberg, E. Glenn. “Music Lessons Enhance IQ.” Psychological Science, Vol. 15, No. 8 (2004): 511-514. Werner, Paul D., Alan J. Swope, Frederick J. Heide. “Ethnicity, Music Experience, and Depression.” Journal of Music Therapy, Vol. 46, No. 4 (2009). Zahedi, Zeinab dan Zargham Ghabanchi. “The Relationship between Logical, Naturalist Intelligences and Learning Grammar for EFL Learners at Elementary Level.” Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. 4, No. 2 (2010): 403-410. https://kbbi.kemdikbud.go.id/entri/ belajar diakses pada tanggal 22 November 2018 pukul 13:00. https://kbbi.kemdikbud.go.id/entri/ musikal diakses pada tanggal 22 November 2018 pukul 13:10. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/ definition/musical diakses pada tanggal 22 November 2018 pukul 13:56. https://www.merriam-webster.com/ dictionary/intelligence diakses pada tanggal 27 November 2017 pukul 19:03. https://howardgardner.com/multiple- intelligences/ diakses pada tanggal 05 November 2018 pukul 10:10.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jksks.52258

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1687 | views : 1808

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Kajian Seni

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This journal is published by Performing Arts and Visual Arts Studies, Graduate School, Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

web
statistics View My Stats