Dampak dan Strategi Layanan Kesehatan Ibu Hamil Selama Pandemi COVID-19


Nur Khotimah Elfiyani(1*), Hadi Pratomo(2), Evi Martha(3), Prima Sesari Saraswati(4)

(1) Alumni Pascasarjana Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia
(2) Guru Besar Departemen Pendidikan Kesehatan dan Ilmu Perilaku, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia
(3) Guru Besar Departemen Pendidikan Kesehatan dan Ilmu Perilaku, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia
(4) Dinas Kesehatan Kota Tangerang Selatan
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: COVID-19 pandemic has both directly and indirectly affected the provision of the maternal health services. Stress caused by the pandemic also affecting the maternal health service.

Objective: This research aimed to assess both the impact on the maternal health services and strategy performed to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic by the District Health Office (DHO) of South Tangerang.

Method: The main method of this research is quantitative, then the quantitative findings are described qualitatively. The research team employed an in-depth interview via Zoom application (video teleconference) with 3 informants from the DHO. Meanwhile, the quantitative data were derived from dashboard of maternal health data K1, K4 and PF.  Qualitative data are analyzed using theme analysis which is adapted to the findings from those quantitative data.

Results and Discussion: The impact of the maternal health service showed a significant decrease against maternal health service in April in which the loss percentage of coverage K1 = 32.93%; coverage K4= 26.43%; Childbirth by health professionals in health facility = 19.4%.

Conclusion: The decreasing of maternal health services potentially increase complication to pregnant women and mother and child’s mortality rate. The DHO is suggested to continue improving strategies and efforts to maintain the access of maternal health services during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Antenatal Care; Corona Virus; COVID-19; Maternal; Maternal Health Service

Full Text:



  1. Rothan HA, Byrareddy SN. The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. J Autoimmun. 2020; pulished online March 3 doi: 10.1016/j.jaut.2020.102433. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32113704/
  2. World Health Organization. WHO Director-General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 – 11 March 2020 (internet).2020. Available from: https://www.who.int.dg.speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19-11-march-2020
  3. Kotlar, B., Gerson, E., Petrillo, S., Langer, A., & Tiemeier, H. (2021). The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on maternal and perinatal health: a scoping review. In Reproductive Health (Vol. 18, Issue 1). BioMed Central. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-021-01070-6
  4. Muralidar, S., Ambi, S. V., Sekaran, S., & Krishnan, U. M. (2020). The emergence of COVID-19 as a global pandemic: Understanding the epidemiology, immune response and potential therapeutic targets of SARS-CoV-2. Biochimie, 179, 85–100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biochi.2020.09.018
  5. Biddlecom, A., Riley, T., Sully, E., & Ahmed, Z. (2020). Estimates of the Potential Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Sexual and Reproductive Health In Low- and Middle-Income Countries. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 46, 73–76. https://www.guttmacher.org/journals/ipsrh/2020/04/estimates-potential-impact-covid-19-pandemic-sexual-and-reproductive-health
  6. Kemenkes. (2020). Pedoman Bagi Ibu Hamil, Ibu Nifas Dan Bayi Baru Lahir. Pedoman Bagi Ibu Hamil , Ibu Nifas Dan Bayi Baru Lahir Selama Covid-19. https://dinkes.jatimprov.go.id/userimage/dokumen/bumil%20dan%20nifas_1.pdf
  7. Dmello, B. S., Housseine, N., van den Akker, T., van Roosmalen, J., & Maaløe, N. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 on maternal and child health. The Lancet Global Health, 8(10), e1259. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30328-4
  8. Saputri, N. S., Anbarani, M. D., Toyamah, N., & Yumna, A. (2020). Dampak Pandemi Covid-19 Pada Layanan Gizi Dan Kesehatan Ibu Dan Anak (KIA). 5, 1–8. http://smeru.or.id/id/content/dampak-pandemi-covid-19-pada-layanan-gizi-dan-kesehatan-ibu-dan-anak-kia-studi-kasus-di-lima
  9. Mar’ah, E. M. (2020). Tunaikan Layanan Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Indonesian Journal of Community Health Nursing (Jurnal Keperawatan Komunitas), 5(2), 23–28. https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/IJCHN/article/viewFile/22449/12335
  10. Republik Indonesia. Walikota Tangerang Selatan Nomor 338/Kep.121-Huk/2020. Pemberlakuan Pelaksaan Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar Dalam Rangka Penanganan Corona Virus Disesase 2019. https://covid19.hukumonline.com/2020/04/16/keputusan-walikota-tangerang-selatan-nomor-338-kep-121-huk-2020-tahun-2020/
  11. Gugus tugas COVID-19 Kota Tangerang Selatan. Data Pantuan Kota Tangerang Selatan. https://lawancovid19.tangerangselatankota.go.id/#monitoring
  12. Satuan Tugas Penanganan COVID-19. Peta Zona Risiko. Available from: https://covid19.go.id/peta-risiko
  13. Semaan, A., Audet, C., Huysmans, E., Afolabi, B., Assarag, B., Banke-Thomas, A., Blencowe, H., Caluwaerts, S., Campbell, O. M. R., Cavallaro, F. L., Chavane, L., Day, L. T., Delamou, A., Delvaux, T., Graham, W. J., Gon, G., Kascak, P., Matsui, M., Moxon, S., … Benova, L. (2020). Voices from the frontline: Findings from a thematic analysis of a rapid online global survey of maternal and newborn health professionals facing the COVID-19 pandemic. BMJ Global Health, 5(6). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2020-002967
  14. Holdsworth, L. M., Safaeinili, N., Winget, M., Lorenz, K. A., Lough, M., Asch, S., & Malcolm, E. (2020). Adapting rapid assessment procedures for implementation research using a team-based approach to analysis: A case example of patient quality and safety interventions in the ICU. Implementation Science, 15(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13012-020-0972-5
  15. WMA, & World Medical Association. (2013). WMA DECLARATION OF HELSINKI-ETHICAL PRINCIPLES FOR Scientific Requirements and Research Protocols. World Medical Association, June 1964, 29-32.
  16. Preis, H., Mahaffey, B., Heiselman, C., & Lobel, M. (2020). Vulnerability and resilience to pandemic-related stress among U.S. women pregnant at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Social Science and Medicine, 266(August), 113348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113348
  17. Roberton, T., Carter, E. D., Chou, V. B., Stegmuller, A. R., Jackson, B. D., Tam, Y., Sawadogo-Lewis, T., & Walker, N. (2020). Early estimates of the indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on maternal and child mortality in low-income and middle-income countries: a modelling study. The Lancet Global Health, 8(7), e901–e908. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30229-1
  18. Nurrizka, Rahmah H., Yuri N., F. A. M. (2021). Akses Ibu Hamil Ke Yankes Selama Pandemi 2021. Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia, 10(2), 94–99. https://journal.ugm.ac.id/jkki/article/view/62752/31743
  19. Pradana, A. A., Casman, C., & Nur’aini, N. (2020). Pengaruh Kebijakan Social Distancing pada Wabah COVID-19 terhadap Kelompok Rentan di Indonesia. Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia : JKKI, 9(2), 61–67. https://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/jkki/article/view/55575
  20. Saccone, G., Florio, A., Aiello, F., Venturella, R., De Angelis, M. C., Locci, M., Bifulco, G., Zullo, F., & Di Spiezio Sardo, A. (2020). Psychological impact of coronavirus disease 2019 in pregnant women. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 223(2), 293–295. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2020.05.003
  21. Nurrizka, R. H., Nurdiantami, Y., & Makkiyah, F. A. (2021). Psychological outcomes of the COVID-19 pandemic among pregnant women in Indonesia: A cross-sectional study. Osong Public Health
  22. Puri, M. C., & Stone, L. (2020). Potential Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Sexual and Reproductive Health in Nepal. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, 18(2), 313–315. https://doi.org/10.33314/jnhrc.v18i2.2747
  23. Bindra, V. (2020). Telemedicine for Women’s Health During COVID-19 Pandemic in India: A Short Commentary and Important Practice Points for Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India, 70(4), 279–282. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13224-020-01346-0
  24. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2020). Petunjuk Teknis Pelayanan Imunisasi Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Covid-19 Kemenkes, 47. https://covid19.kemkes.go.id/protokol-covid-19/petunjuk-teknis-pelayanan-imunisasi-pada-masa-pandemi-covid-19/#.X6IYy6ozbIU

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkr.66345

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 887 | views : 2507


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Kesehatan Reproduksi Indexed by:



Departemen Obstetri dan Ginekologi, FK-KMK, UGM/RS Dr. Sardjito
Jl. Kesehatan No. 1, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
Tlp: (0274) 511329 / Faks: (0274) 544003
Email: jurnal.kesehatanreproduksi@ugm.ac.id
Cp: Dwi Astuti +6281802698043