Normalitas Tegakan Berbasis Resiko untuk Pengaturan Kelestarian Hasil Hutan Tanaman Jati di Perum Perhutani

https://doi.org/10.22146/jik.7515

Rohman Rohman(1*), Sofyan P Warsito(2), Ris Hadi Purwanto(3), Nunuk Supriyatno(4)

(1) Jurusan Manajemen Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(2) Jurusan Manajemen Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Jurusan Manajemen Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(4) Jurusan Manajemen Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Hutan tanaman jati yang dikelola oleh Perum Perhutani, dalam berbagai keadaan termasuk kondisi yang relatif aman, selalu memiliki resiko kerusakan yang menyebabkan menurunnya kualitas kelas hutan produktif ke arah tidak produktif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui standar kenormalan hutan tanaman jati yang mempertimbangkan resiko kerusakan sebagai dasar pengaturan kelestarian hasil. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di KPH Randublatung Perum Perhutani Divisi Regional Jawa Tengah. Resiko kerusakan (casualty per cent) didekati dari angka kerusakan tegakan berdasarkan data seri selama 4 jangka perencanaan mulai jangka 1983/1992 sampai jangka 2013/2022. Normalitas tegakan didekati dari luas tegakan yang harus dibangun, sedemikian sehingga diperoleh hasil tahunan yang realtif sama dengan mempertimbangkan casualty per cent. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa luas hutan normal ideal tanpa mempertimbangkan resiko kerusakan di KPH Randublatung dengan luas untuk produksi 27.359,4 ha dan daur 60 tahun adalah sebesar 456,0 ha per tahun. Dengan mempertimbangkan casualty per cent, luas hutan normal berbasis resiko di KPH Randublatung sebesar 229,5 ha per tahun atau 50,3% dari luas normal ideal. Untuk memperoleh hasil tahunan yang realtif sama seluas 229,5 ha, struktur luas hutan yang harus dibangun mulai KU I, KU II, KU III, KU IV, KU V, dan KU VI berturut-turut sebesar 6.875 ha; 5.784 ha; 4.711 ha; 3.997 ha; 3.232 ha dan 2.761 ha.

Katakunci: casualty per cent, hutan normal, Perum Perhutani, hutan tanaman jati

 

Risks-based Stand Normality for Sustainable Yield Forest Plantation in Perum Perhutani

Abstract

In any situation, either secure or insecure, teak forest plantations encounter high risks due to ecological and social disturbances, causing degradation and decrease their normality in terms of areas and standing stock. This research aimed to determine the normality standard of teak forest plantations under risks as a basis for better sustained yield regulation. This research was conducted in forest management unit (FMU) of Randublatung, state-owned forest company (Perhutani), located at Central Java. The risk of forest damages, called casualty per cent, was calculated using a series of age class structures based on a 10-year periodic forest inventory for four sequential planning periods:1983/1992, 1993/2002, 2003/2012,to 2013/2022. The normal forest was determined based on the stands area basis, which was defined based on the final cutting area that already incorporates casualty per cent, in such a way that each year the newly planted forests areas have relatively the same number. The results showed that without casualty per cent, the normal forest built every year in FMU Randublatung was 456 ha/year for a 60-year rotation cycle. However, by incorporating the damage risks (casualty per cent), the normal forest area in KPH Randublatung should be built only 229.5 ha/year or just 50.3% of the current planning. Furthermore, in order to obtain this annual harvesting, the normal forests should have age classes structures from age class I, II, III, IV, V, and VI, in such a way that their areas equal to 6,875 ha, 5,784 ha, 4,711 ha, 3,997 ha, 3,232 ha, and 2,761 ha, respectively.


Keywords


casualty per cent; normal forest; Perum Perhutani; teak forest plantation

Full Text:

PDF


References

  1. Amacher GS, Ollikainen M, & Koskela E. 2009. Economics of Forest Resources. The MIT Press Cambridge, Massachusetts London, England 
  2. Departemen Kehutanan. 2008. Statistik Kehutanan Indonesia Tahun 2007. Jakarta Departemen Pertanian. 1974. Keputusan Direktur Jenderal Kehutanan No 143/KPTS/DJ/1974, tentang Peraturan Inventarisasi Hutan Jati dan Peraturan Penyusunan Rencana Pengaturan Kelestarian Hutan Khusus Kelas Perusahaan Tebang Habis Jati. Departemen Pertanian, Jakarta
  3. Davis LS & Johnson KN. 1986. Forest Management Third edition. McGraw-Hill. Inc. New York. 
  4. Duerr WA, Teeguardn DS, Christiansen NB, & Guttenberg SAM. 1979. Forest Resource Management – Decision Making Principles and Cases. W.B. Saunders Company. Philadelphia.
  5. Elbakidze M, Andersson K, Angelstam P, Armstrong GW, Axelsson R, Doyon F, Hermansson M, Jacobsson J, & Pautov Y. 2013. Sustained yield forestry in Sweden and Russia: How does it correspond to Sustainable Forest Management Policy? AMBIO 42, 160–173.
  6. Ichwandi I, Shinohara T, & Chen B. 2009. Development of teak wood production and marketing in Cepu Forest District, Central Java, Indonesia. The Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus 56, 23–31.
  7. Knuchel H. 1953. Planning and Control in The Managed Forest. Oliver and Boyd. Edinburgh 
  8. Leech JW. 2002. Allowing for risk in forward yield planning. Australian Forestry 65(4), 232-236.
  9. Osmaston FC. 1968. The Management of Forest. George Allen and Unwin Ltd. London.
  10. Perum Perhutani. 2009. Kajian Kelestarian Sumber Daya Hutan Perum Perhutani KPH 
  11. Randublatung Tahun 2011. Seksi Perencanaan Hutan III Salatiga, Perum Perhutani Unit I Jawa Tengah.(tidak dipublikasikan)
  12. Perum Perhutani. 2011a. Statistik Perum Perhutani 2007-2011. Direksi Perum Perhutani. Jakarta
  13. Perum Perhutani. 2011b. Laporan Hasil Audit Potensi Sumber Daya Hutan Perum Perhutani tahun 2010. Jakarta.(tidak dipublikasikan).
  14. Perum Perhutani. 2013. Rencana Pengaturan Kelesarian Hutan KH Randublatung Jangka 2013-2022. Biro Perencanaan SDH dan Pengembangan Usaha Perum Perhutani Unit I Jawa Tengah (tidak dipublikasikan)
  15. Recknagel AB. 1917. The Theory and Practice of Working Plans (Forest Organization) 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons. New York.
  16. Rohman. 2008. Kajian casualty per cent dalam perhitungan etat hutan tanaman jati Perum Perhutani. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika 14(1), 54-62
  17. Rohman & Permadi DB. 2010. Pengaturan hasil hutan jati : Salah kaprah metode umur tebang rata-rata dan alternatif penyempurnaannya. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan 1(3), 127-142
  18. Salo S & Tahvonen O. 2002. On Equilibrium cycles and normal forests in optimal harvesting of tree vintages. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 44(1), 1-22
  19. Salo S & Tahvonen O. 2004. Renewable resources with endogenous age classes and allocation of land Amer. J. Agr. Econ. 86(2), 513-530
  20. Setiahadi R. 2012. Modal Sosial Dalam Pembangunan Hutan. Disertasi (Tidak Dipublikasikan). Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.
  21. Simon H. 2001. Pengelolaan Hutan Bersama Rakyat: Teori dan Aplikasi pada Hutan Jati di Jawa. Bigraf Publising. Yogyakarta
  22. Simon H. 2010. Perencanaan Pembangunan Sumberdaya Hutan Jilid 1a : Timber Management. Pustaka Pelajar. Yogyakarta
  23. Tiryana T, Satoshi T, & Norihiko S. 2011. Modeling survival and destruction of teak plantations in Java, Indonesia. J. For. Plann. 16, 35-44.
  24. Uusivuori J & Kuuluvainen J. 2005. The harvesting decisions when a standing forest with Multiple Age-Classes has value. Amer. J. Agr. Econ. 87(1), 61-76.
  25. Vandergeest P & Peluso NL. 2006. Empires of forestry: Professional forestry and state power in Southeast Asia, Part 1. Environment and History 12, 31-64
  26. Widiaryanto P. 2012. Does the pressure of population and poverty cause deforestation? Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik 16(1), 84-93.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jik.7515

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1459 | views : 3232

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2013 Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


© Redaksi Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan
Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada
Jl. Agro No 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman 55281
Telp. (0274) 512102, 550541, 6491420
Fax. (0274) 550541 E-mail : jik@ugm.ac.id
website : jurnal.ugm.ac.id/jikfkt/

 

Indexed by :

 

Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan/Journal Forest Science is under the license of Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International

Creative Commons License

View My Stats