Model Kelembagaan Lokal Kabupaten Konservasi Tambrauw di Papua Barat

https://doi.org/10.22146/jik.61401

Sepus M. Fatem(1*), San Afri Awang(2), Ahmad Maryudi(3), Satyawan Pudyatmoko(4), Jonni Marwa(5)

(1) Fakultas Kehutanan UGM Jl. Agro No 1, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
(2) Fakultas Kehutanan UGM Jl. Agro No 1, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
(3) Fakultas Kehutanan UGM Jl. Agro No 1, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
(4) Fakultas Kehutanan UGM Jl. Agro No 1, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
(5) Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Papua Manokwari, Jl. Gunung Salju Amban, Manokwari, Papua Barat, 98314
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Komitmen Politik pembentukan Tambrauw sebagai kabupaten konservasi di Papua Barat, mendorong terjadinya perubahan tatakelola pemerintahan konvensional menuju tatakelola konservasi. Dengan demikian kelembagaan sebagai unit yang bertanggungjawab terhadap penyelenggaraan kegiatan kabupaten konservasi perlu dirancang guna mengawal kebijakan kabupaten konservasi dimaksud. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merancang model kelembagaan lokal kabupaten Tambrauw Sebagai Kabupaten Konservasi. Proses rancang bangun model kelembagaan lokal dilaksanakan sejak Bulan Juni 2013- Desember 2017 mengikuti metode penelitian dan pengembangan (research and development). Data penelitian diperoleh dari: (1) hasil wawancara Pakar; (2) catatan lapangan, dan (3) data saran perbaikan draf model awal dan hasil observasi observer pada pelaksanaan uji coba (FGD/Konsultasi) dengan skala kecil dan besar. Untuk melihat signifikanis perbandingan model kelembagaan eksis berupa organisasi perangkat daerah (OPD)) dan kelembagaan kabupaten konservasi yang ditawarkan, maka dilakukan Uji-t. Proses rancang bangun kelembagaan lokal kabupaten konservasi dilakukan mengacu pada terhadap 8 prinsip rancangan kunci yang ditawarkan oleh Ostrom tentang kelembagaan pengelolaan yang efektif terhadap sumberdaya alam lokal milik bersama (common property). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, kelembagaan kabupaten konservasi layak dikembangkan sebagai unit yang bertanggungjawab terhadap mekanisme kinerja kabupaten konservasi, dimana bersifat non body dan lebih ditekankan pada fungsi koordinasi oleh Bappeda Kabupaten Tambrauw sebagai coordinator perencanaan pembangunan daerah.

 

Local Institution Model of Tambrauw Conservation in West Papua

Abstract

Political Commitment to establishing Tambrauw as a conservation district in West Papua, has led to changes in conventional governance towards conservation management. Thus the institution as a unit responsible for organizing conservation district activities needs to be designed to oversee the policies of the conservation district concerned. This study aims to design a local institutional model of Tambrauw Regency as a Conservation District. The design process of the local institutional model was carried out from June 2013 to December 2017 following the research and development method. Research data obtained from: (1) the results of expert interviews; (2) field notes, and (3) data suggesting improvements to the initial model draft and observers' observations on the implementation of trials (FGDs / Consultations) on a small and large scale. To see the significance of the comparison of the existing institutional models in the form of regional apparatus organizations (OPD) and the conservation district institutions offered, a t-test was conducted. The design process of the conservation district's local institutional building was carried out about the 8 key design principles offered by Ostrom on effective management institutions for common property. The results showed that conservation district institutions should be developed as a unit responsible for the mechanism of conservation district performance, which is non-body and more emphasized on the coordination function by the Agency for Regional Development Tambrauw Regency as coordinator of regional development planning.


Keywords


conservation district; conservation management; institution; Tambrauw

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jik.61401

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