Faried Wijaya Mansoer(1*), Sri Maemunah Soeharto(2)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Public enterprise has two dimensions. As a business enterprice, it has to be profitable and grows. As a public organization, it has to be public oriented. Those two different interests could be in conflict with each other, however, it has to be kept in a balance, although it is difficult to be realized

This paper tries to group the public enterprises that can be used in the formulation of the performance criteria. By grouping them, it will simpler without reducing its uniqueness because of the differences in almost 200 public enterprises in Indonesia. The performance criteria is stressed on the evaluation of management effectiveness. The paper also tries to Identify the attitude of their executives on the objectives and the weight of the criteria by grouping them and to test how for similarity of their perceptions among them and the government official as focal point.

Public enterprises could be grouped based on their product and consumer approach into 4 categories Groups I consists of public enterprises which goal has In distribution, Group II concentrate on infrastructure, Group III has the task to accelerate economic development, and Group IV is acting more as a source of government revenue to finance economic development and improving the balance of payment. Referring to the executives responsibility on performance, our public enterprises can be grouped according to two approaches, namely the responsibility center and relative balance approach in relation to their public and business dimensions. Responsibility center approach consists of profit center group, expenditur center, social responsibility center, and standart cost center group. Meanwhile, relative balance approach regarding public and business dimensions, which resulting a group that tends to be more public regulated by government and group that tends to be more business oriented market mechanism. Using statistical inference, it can be concluded that there is no srgnificant difference in objectves and priority among the public groups with difference goals. There is no correlationn between objectives priority and the weight of criteria on group that has goal of distribution and infrastucture. However, whitin the group that has goal of accelerating economic development and source of government revenue, there is a clear correlation between objective priority and weight of criteria. Our study suggests that there is no significant difference in perception between the public enterprise executive and government official in determining ojectves priority and the weight of criteria. This lack of difference may be caused by the fact that all are governed by the same regulation and all executive are evaluated on the same criteria.

Formulating performance criteria by using strategic business unit approach has resulted an illation formula for management effectiveness that can be used to evaluate all activities of each iliac enterprise taking into account commercial and non commercial performance and different ornament policy caused by the different market structure and supply condition.


Penyusunan Tolok Ukur Evaluasi Kinerja BUMN Berdasar Alternatif Pengelompokannya, Evaluasi Kinerja BUMN

Full Text:



Ahmad, M. 1982. Political Economy of Public Enterpris (Jones, L.P. et al. eds). Public Enterprise in Less Developed Countries. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 49-63. Anshoff, H.I. 1979. The State of Practise in Planning System. (Carthy, Me, Minichiello, Curran). Business Policy and Strategy: Concept and Readings. Revised edition, Homewood Illinois, pp. 426-448 Anthony, R.N. 1965. Planning and Control System: A Framework for Analysis. Boston: Harvard University. ---------, John Dearden, Norton M. Bedford. 1989. Management Control System. Homewood Illinois: Richard D. Irwin. Argenti, J. 1980. Systematic Corporate Planning, Hongkong: Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd. Avoy, Me. P.W. 1971. The Effectiveness of The Persero Enterprise. Harvard Advising Group. Ayub, M.A. and Sven Olaf Hegstad. 1986. Public Industrial Enterprises Deteminant of Performance. Industry and Finance Series: 1 7. Washington: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank. Baired, L. 1965. Managing Performance. School of Management and Human Resources Policy Institute, Boston University. Basu, P.K. 1979. A Model of A Working Document on Decision Making Choices on Investment, Prices, and Returns Policies for Public Enterprises Derived From Their Macro National Long-Term Obyectives. (Basu, P.K., and Alec Nove, eds). Public Enterprise Policy on Investment Pricing Returns. Kuala Lumpur: An APDAC Publication, pp. 3-24. Bedeien, A.G. 1980. Organization: Theory and Analysis. Illinois Dreden Press. Bennet, A.H.M. 1988. Theoretical And Practical Problems in Determining Criteria For Performance Evaluation of Public Enterprises. Public Enterprise, Quat. J. 8 (1): 18-26. Bhatt, V.V. 1984. Institutional Framework and Public Enterprise Performance. World Development. 12 (7): 713 721. ---------. 1982. Decision Structure, and Technological Self Reliance: Public Enterprise Performance. (Jones, L.P., eds). Public Enterprise in Less Developed Countries. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 129-139. --------. 1988. The Institutional Framework and Public Enterprise Performance. Essays on Relations Between Government and Public, Enterprises. ICPE: pp. 72-82. Bokhari. R.H.1985. Comparative Control in Public Enterprises Mechanism: Procedure and Effectiveness. Public Enterprise, Quat J. 5 (4): 363-378. Carthy, Me, Minichiello, Curran. 1979. Busines Policy and Strategy. Concept and Readings. Homewood Illinois: Richard Irwin, Inc. Chamberlain, Neil. 1962. The Firm: Micro Economic Planning and Action. New York Mc Graw Hill Book Coy Inc. Dessler, G. Organization Theory: Intergrating Structure and Behaviour. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Dorojatun Kuntjoro-Jakti. Makalah disajikan dalam seminar Peranan BUMN Dalam Era Tahun 2000-an, Jakarta: Juli 1991. I Faried, W.M. 1986. Electricity Pricing and Investment Under Government Policy Constraints: The Case of Java Interconnected Supply System, disertasi tak diterbitkan, University of Colorado-Boulder. USA. Fernandes, P. 1986. Managing Relations Between Government and Public Enterprises. A Hand-book for Administrators and Managers, Geneva: Management Development Series 25. ILO. Gilis. S.M. and Glenn P. Jenkins. 1979. Performance Evaluation of Public Sector Enterprises: The Case of Mining in Bolivia and Indonesia. Public Enterprise Policy on Investment Pricing Returns. An APDAC Publications, pp. 105-140. Gray S.C. 1984. Toward a Conceptual Framework for Macro Economic Evaluation of Public Performance in Mixed Economies. Public Enterprise Performance in Mixed Economies. International Monetary Fund. L W.K. 1979. SBUs: Hot and New Topic The Management of Diversification. (Carthy, Me, Minichiello, Curran). Business Policy and Strategy: Concept and Readings. Revised edition. Homewood Illinois: pp. 394 406. Harper, Y. 1984. Measuring Business Performance. Institute of Manpower Studies Series No. 7. Gower Publishing Company Limited. Himpunan Peraturan Badan Usaha Milik Negara, Direktorat Pembinaan dan Pengawasan PERJAN, PERUM, PERSERO, Departemen Keuangan Republik Indonesia. 1981. Hyman. D.N. 1973. The Economics of Government Activity. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston Inc. Jackson, J.H., Cyril P. Morgan. 1978. Organizational Theory: A Macro Perspective for Management. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Jones, L.P., Edward P. Masson. 1982. Role of Economic Factors in Determining The Size and Structure of the Public Enterprise Sector in Less Developed Countries with Mixed Economies. (L.P. Jones, R.D. Mallon, E.S. Masson, P.N. Rosentein, Rodan and R. Vernon eds). Public Enterprise in Less Developed Countries. New York: Cambrige University Press, pp. 17-45. --------. 1975. Public Enterprise and Economic. Development: The Korean Case. Seoul Korea: Korean Development Institute. --------. 1986. Toward Performance Evaluation: Methodology for Public Enterprise With Parti-cular Reference to Pakistan. Economic Performance of Public Enterprises: Major Issues and Strategies for Action. New York: United Nation, pp. 116-138. Kazi, A.G.N. 1986. Economic Performance of Public Enterprise: Major Issues and Strategies for Action. New York: United Nations, pp. 26-36. Kinnunen, R.M. and Robert H. Caplan III. 1979. Domain of Management Control. (Carthy, Me, Minichiello, Curran). Business Policy and Strategy: Concept and Readings. Revised edition, Homewood Illinois: pp. 477-497. Kuntoro, M. 1982. Pengembangan Metodologi Penjajagan Efektivitas Sistem Usaha dengan Menggunakan Kriteria Deskriptip Majemuk dan Berdasarkan Persepsi Pengambilan Keputusan. Disertasi, tak diterbitkan, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung. Kreacic, V.G. 1988. The Effect of Government Control on Public Enterprise Performance: The Negative Public Enterprise Performance Loop. Public Enterprise J. 8 (3): 265-274. --------, and Marsh, P. 1985. Public Enterprises in Developing Countries: Structure, Performance and Culture. Public Enterprise J. 5 (4): 379- 391. Maciariello, J.A. 1984. Management Control System. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., Englewood Cliff. Mehdi, I. 1985 Performance Evaluation of Public Enterprise in Pakistan: An Experiment with a Social Accounting System. Essays on Relations Between Governments and Public Enterprises. 1CPE: pp. 202-231. --------. 1988. The Pakistan Experience In The Development and of Public Enterprises in Developing Counties. Public Enterprise Quarterly J. 8 (1): 71-81. Nawab, S.A. 1986. Economic Performance of Public Enterprise: Major Issues and Strategies for Action. New York: United Nations: pp. 139-148. Panglaykim, J. 1963. State Trading Corporations in Indonesia; First Year's Performance, 1961. Disertasi tak diterbit kan Universitas Indonesia. Powell, V. 1987. Improving Public Enterprise Performance: Concept and Techniques. Geneva Management Development Series 22, ILO. Rees. R. 1984. Public Enterprise Economics. London: Wiedenfelt Nickalson. Sarmiento, M.O. 1988. Management Control System for Public Enterprise: A Theoritical Framework. Public Enterprise Quat. J. 8 (1): 5-14. Sepherd, 1976. Public Enterprise: Economic Analysis of Theory and Practice. Lexington, Massachusetts, Toronto. Shaikh, A.H. 1990. A Performance Evaluation System for State Owned Enterprise in Ghana. Public Enterprise, Quat. J. 10 (3-4): 305-316. --------, 1991. The Rise, Decline, and Future of Public Enterprise: Review of International Experience and Lessons for Indonesia. Seminar Peran BUMN Dalam Era Tahun 2000-an. Jakarta. Shirley, M.M. 1983. Managing State Owned Enterprises, World Bank Staff Working! Papers, No. 577. Management Development Series 4. Sicherl, P. 1983. The Role of Public Enterpris in National Development. Monograp Series 14. Lubljana: ICPE. ——-. 1981. Concept of Public Enterprises in Different Socio-Economic System Seeking Personality of Public Enterpris Ljubljana: ICPE. Somasundram, M. 1985. On Minding the Nation's Business. Essays on Relation Between Governments and Enterprin ICPE: pp. 34-36. Song, D.H. 1987. Evaluation of Managemt Efficiency of Government Food Marked Agencies. Seoul Korea: Korean Development Institute. Triverdi, P. 1988. Performance Evolution Public Enterprises in Developing Counttries Public Enterprise Quarterly Journal. 8 (1)28-40.

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 749 | views : 1026


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 1996 Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business


Editorial Team
Focus and Scope
Peer Review Process
Publication Ethics
Screening for Plagiarism


Author Guidelines
Submission Guidelines
Online Submissions
Copyright Notice
Privacy Statement
Author Fees


Author Pack
Submission Form & Manuscript Template



Reviewer Guidelines
Reviewer Acknowledgement



General Search
Author index
Title index



The Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business (print ISSN 2085-8272; online ISSN 2338-5847) is published by the Faculty of Economics and Business Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia. The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

© 2019 Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business 
 Visitor Statistics