Asupan karbohidrat, serat, dan vitamin D dengan kadar glukosa darah pada pasien rawat inap diabetes mellitus

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.83275

Farida Farah Zakiyah(1*), Veni Indrawati(2), Siti Sulandjari(3), Satwika Arya Pratama(4)

(1) Program Studi S1 Gizi, Jurusan Pendidikan Kesejahteraan Keluarga, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya, Jawa Timur
(2) Program Studi S1 Gizi, Jurusan Pendidikan Kesejahteraan Keluarga, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya, Jawa Timur
(3) Program Studi S1 Gizi, Jurusan Pendidikan Kesejahteraan Keluarga, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya, Jawa Timur
(4) Program Studi S1 Gizi, Jurusan Pendidikan Kesejahteraan Keluarga, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya, Jawa Timur
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The relationship between the blood glucose levels of diabetes mellitus patients and intake of carbohydrates, fiber, and vitamin D

Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a non-communicable disease with a combination of symptoms that appear in a person due to an increase in blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) above average values. Good intake by following the guidelines for persons with diabetes, a nutritious diet that contains carbs, fiber, and vitamin D can help keep blood glucose levels within acceptable ranges. 

Objective: This study aims to the relationship between the blood glucose levels of patients at RSI Siti Hajar Sidoarjo and their intake of carbohydrates, fiber, and vitamin D. 

Methods: The method in this study was a quantitative study with a cross-sectional approach, the population in this study were DM patients who were hospitalized at RSI Siti Hajar Sidoarjo. The number of samples was estimated using the cross-sectional sample size calculation and the purposive sampling technique with 60 respondents. The patient's intake was measured using a 3x24 hour food recall questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the Chi-Square test. 

Results: The result showed that there was a relationship between carbohydrate intake and blood glucose levels (p=0.000) and fiber intake and blood glucose levels (p=0.003), but there was no significant relationship between vitamin D intake and blood glucose levels (p=1.00). 

Conclusion: Carbohydrate and fiber intake significantly correlated with the patient's blood glucose levels but not vitamin D intake.


Keywords


blood glucose; carbohydrate; fiber; vitamin D; DM

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.83275

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