Persepsi ahli gizi di Indonesia terhadap penerapan nutritional care process (NCP) di rumah sakit

Yosephin Anandati Pranoto(1), Susetyowati Susetyowati(2*)

(1) Departemen Gizi Kesehatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(2) Departemen Gizi Kesehatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Dietitians’ perception of the implementation of the nutrition care process (NCP) in Indonesia

Background: The nutrition care process (NCP) developed by The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics was adopted and implemented in Indonesia. Some hospitals in Indonesia do not have a proper facility to support dietitians to implement NCP optimally.

Objective: To evaluate dietitians’ perception of the NCP implementation in hospital settings in Indonesia.

Methods: This study was a cross-sectional design with dietitians who have been working in a hospital as the study subject. Data were collected by questionnaire. Each subject answered questions on general data, nutrition screening practice, and 20 questions about the NCP implementation. The perception score is ranged from one(1) for ‘strongly disagree’ to five(5) for ‘strongly agree.’ The score was summarized and categorized into two groups ‘good’ and ‘less’ positive perception. Univariate and bivariate analysis was used to evaluate the data statistically.

Results: More than half of the participants have a good/positive perception of NCP implementation (62.5%). There was a significant association between the level of education and nutrition screening training to other health workers' perceptions statistically. 

Conclusion: NCP has been implemented very well in a hospital setting in Indonesia. There are improvements needed in some key aspects to improve the quality of the nutrition care process in the hospital, especially for each dietitian to have a better and more standardized perception nationally on implementing NCP.


dietitian; hospital; nutritional care process; perception

Full Text:



  1. Academy Quality Management Committee. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: revised 2017 scope of practice for the registered dietitian nutritionist. (2017). J Acad Nutr Diet. 2018;118(1):141-65. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2017.10.002
  2. Alkhaldy AA, Allahyani MN, Alghamdi NA, Jeddawi AK, Malibary RM, Al-Othman AM. Status of nutrition care process implementation in hospitals in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2020;36:53-9. doi: 10.1016/j.clnesp.2020.02.007
  3. Lövestam E, Boström AM, Orrevall Y. Nutrition care process implementation: experiences in various dietetics environments in Sweden. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2017;117(11):1738-48. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2017.02.001
  4. Windarjat S, Mutiyani M, Hapsari AI, Isdiany N. Gambaran tingkat pengetahuan ahli gizi tentang PAGT dan asupan makan pasien di Rumah Sakit Al-Islam Kota Bandung [Skripsi]. Bandung: Poltiteknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Bandung; 2020.
  5. Syamsul H, Manjilala M, Sirajuddin, S. The standardized nutrition care process for malnutrition toddlers in Enrekang District. Urban Health. 2019;2(1):37-41.
  6. Ookalkar DS, Saxena AT, Puri H, Ookalkar A, Fulzade S. Implementation of nutrition care process in nephrology practice: a mini review. J Renal Nutr Metab 2020;6:51-8. doi: 10.4103/jrnm.jrnm_28_20
  7. Findlay M, Rankin NM, Shaw T, White K, Boyer M, Bauer JD, et al. Best evidence to best practice: implementing an innovative model of nutrition care for patients with head and neck cancer improves outcomes. Nutrients. 2020;12(5):1465. doi: 10.3390/nu12051465
  8. Wijayanti T, Puruhita N. Studi kualitatif proses asuhan gizi terstandar di ruang rawat inap RS St. Elisabeth Semarang. J Nutr Coll. 2013;2(1):170-83. doi: 10.14710/jnc.v2i1.2114
  9. Qiong OU. A brief introduction to perception. Studies in Literature and Language. 2017;15(4):18-28. doi: 10.3968/10055
  10. Field LB, Hand RK. Differentiating malnutrition screening and assessment: a nutrition care process perspective. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2015;115(5):824-8.doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2014.11.010
  11. Kim, Eun Mi, and Hee Joon Baek. A survey on the status of nutrition care process implementation in Korean hospitals. Clin Nutr Res. 2013;2(2):143-8. doi: 10.7762/cnr.2013.2.2.143
  12. Vivanti A, Lewis J, O'Sullivan TA. The Nutrition Care Process Terminology: Changes in perceptions, attitudes, knowledge and implementation amongst Australian dietitians after three years. Nutr Diet. 2018;75(1):87-97. doi: 10.1111/1747-0080.12347
  13. Aldubayan K, Aljuraiban G, Aldisi D. Necessary knowledge and skills for dietitians in Saudi Arabia: a qualitative study. Malays J Med Sci. 2019;26(3):110-118. doi: 10.21315/mjms2019.26.3.9
  14. Cipta Pebriawan, I. P. Analisis kinerja ahli gizi dalam penerapan NCP (Nutrition Care Process) di Badan Rumah Sakit Umum Tabanan [Skripsi]. Bali: Poltekkes Denpasar; 2019.
  15. O'sullivan TA, Lo J, Vivanti A. Predictors of nutrition care process and terminology use, applicability and importance within Asia-Pacific dietitians. Nutr Diet. 2019;76(4):455-6. doi: 10.1111/1747-0080.12467


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2830 | views : 7761


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) Indexed by:

web stats View My Stats