Faktor sosial terkait stunting pada anak Suku Lauje usia 24-59 bulan di Kecamatan Palasa, Kabupaten Parigi Moutong

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.67741

I Wayan Suwekatama(1*), BJ. Istiti Kandarina(2), Digna Niken Purwaningrum(3)

(1) Departeman Biostatistik, Epidemiologi, dan Kesehatan Populasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(2) Departeman Biostatistik, Epidemiologi, dan Kesehatan Populasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Departeman Biostatistik, Epidemiologi, dan Kesehatan Populasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The social determinants associated with stunting in children from the Lauje tribe (aged 24-59 months) Palasa District, Parigi Moutong Regency

Background: Stunting is a chronic nutritional problem caused by multiple factors. Stunting is a threat to the achievement of human resource progress. Handling stunting requires an approach according to the characteristics of the region.

Objective: This study aims to analyze the social determinants associated with the incidence of stunting in children from the Lauje tribe (aged 24-59 months) Palasa District, Parigi Moutong Regency.

Methods: This type of research is observational with a cross-sectional study design and total sample obtained is 130 people. Statistical analysis using Chi-Square test to determine the significance of the relationship between variables.

Results: The results of the bivariate analysis showed that the social determinant variables that had a significant relationship with the incidence of stunting were family food security (p=0.0208, OR= 2.56; CI 95%=1.06-6.35), food diversity (p=0.0005, OR=3.61; CI 95%=1.57-8.46), mother’s education (p=0.0002, OR=4.73; CI 95%=1.86-12.68), and family income (p=0.003, OR=2.9; CI 95%=1.33-6.49). While the variables of access to health facilities and access to clean water and sanitation were not related to the incidence of stunting in Lauje children aged 24-59 months.

Conclusions: The incidence of stunting in Lauje children was found to be associated with several social determinant variables. So that stunting handling efforts are needed by increasing multi-sectoral collaboration and involving local community leaders.


Keywords


Lauje tribe; social determinants; stunting

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.67741

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