The effect of Korean wave on body image and eating disorders among female adolescents in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Nurina Umy Habibah(1*), A Fahmy Arif Tsani(2), Sumarni DW(3)

(1) Department of Health Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(2) Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang
(3) Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: Currently, Indonesia is one of the countries affected by the Korean "fever" due to the Korean wave's globalization through the media. The content of K-pop which displays model characteristics that are identical to a slender body, tall, and attractive, can lead to adolescent body image perception. The problem most often experienced by adolescents is physical appearance. The negative body image in adolescence could encourage the emergence of eating behavior disorders known as eating disorders. 

Objective: To analyze the relation between Korean wave exposure through media information with body image and eating disorders risk in female high school students in Yogyakarta. 

Methods: This research used the cross-sectional method with a quantitative approach. The research population was female first-grade high school students in Yogyakarta. The subjects of 109 female students who are qualified with the inclusion criteria: enrolled students in the selected schools, physically healthy, and willing to take part in the research; are requested to fill out the Korean wave exposure questionnaire to measure the type and frequency of exposure, the Contour Drawing Rating Scale questionnaire to measure the body image, and the Eating Attitude Test 26 to determine the eating disorders risk. Data were analyzed with the Chi-Square test and logistic regression test. 

Results: Univariate analysis showed that 11% of the subject was exposed to Korean wave with various type of exposure, 88.1% of the issue was dissatisfied with their body and developed negative body image, and 47.7% of the issue was at risk of eating disorders; 53% of them tend to developed diet behavior, 21.04% bulimia, and 25.96% was in oral intake restriction. The multivariate analysis showed that Korean wave exposure (RP=1.6; 95%CI=0.7-10.04) correlates significantly with negative body image perception. Eating disorders risk significantly affected by Korean wave exposure (RP=2.1; 95%CI=0.97-4.63) and body image (RP=2.93; 95%CI=1.25-5.49). Chi-Square analysis showed body image significantly correlates with eating disorders risk (RP=6.2; 95%CI=1.25-5.94). 

Conclusions: Exposure to Korean waves affected negative body image in female adolescents. On the other hand, Korean wave exposure and body image also affected eating disorder behavior among female adolescents.

* Presented at the International Nutrition and Health Symposium (INHESION) on Sunday, November 15th, 2020, in Yogyakarta, organized by HIMAGIKA and the Department of Health Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada


body image; eating behavior; eating disorder; female adolescent; Korean wave; k-pop; k-drama

Full Text:



  1. Desire ED, Yosephine M. Kebutuhan siswi SMA Stella Duce 1 Yogyakarta membaca media massa cetak tentang Korean pop [Skripsi]. Yogyakarta: Universitas Atma Jaya, 2012.
  2. Sen K, David TH. Media, culture, politics in Indonesia. Jakarta: Equinox; 2000.
  3. Jung S. K-pop, Indonesian fandom, and social media. In: Race and ethnicity in fandom: praxis. Transformative Works and Cultures. 2011;8:Special issue 1. doi: 10.3983/twc.2011.0289
  4. Hui, Lim Yung. Facebook in Asia: total users and age groups. Grey Review, March; 2010.
  5. Lita R, Cho YC. The influence of media on attitudinal and behavioral changes: acceptance of culture and products. International Business & Economics Research Journal. 2013;11(12):1433-44. doi: 10.19030/iber.v11i12.7617
  6. Puspitasari W, Hermawan Y. Gaya hidup penggemar K-pop (budaya Korea) dalam mengekspresikan kehidupannya: studi kasus K-pop lovers di Surakarta. Sosialitas. 2013;3(1).
  7. World Health Organization (WHO). Adolescent development. [series online] 2010 [cited 2014 Jan 10]. Available from: URL:
  8. Groesz L, Levine MP, Murnen SK. The effect of experimental presentation of thin media images on body satisfaction: a meta-analytic review. Int J Eat Disord. 2002 Jan;31(1):1-16. doi: 10.1002/eat.10005
  9. Becker AE. Television, disordered eating, and young women in Fiji: negotiating body image and identity during rapid social change. Cult Med Psychiatry. 2004;28(4):533-59. doi: 10.1007/s11013-004-1067-5
  10. Birkeland RJ, Thompson K, Herbozo S, Roehrig M, Cafri G, Berg P. Media exposure, mood, and body image dissatisfaction: an experimental test of person vesus product priming. Body Image. 2005;2(1):53-61. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2004.11.002
  11. Latha KS, Hegde S, Bhat S, Rai P. Body image, self-esteem, and depression in female adolescent college student. J Indian Assoc Child Adolesc Ment Health. 2006;2(3):78-84. doi: 10.1177/0973134220060303
  12. Wijayanti A. Hallyu: youngster’ fanaticism of Korean pop culture (study of hallyu fans in Yogyakarta City). Yogyakarta: Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta; 2012.
  13. Eunbi. Compilation analysis of 1,903 K-Pop idols [series online] 2020 [cited 2021 July 13]. Available from: URL:
  14. Veggi AB, Lopes CD, Faerstein E, Sichieri R. Body mass index, body weight perception and common mental disorders among university employees in Rio de Janeiro. Revista brasileira de psiquiatria. 2004;26(4):242-7. doi: 10.1590/s1516-44462004000400007
  15. Botta R A. For your health? the relationship between magazine reading and adolescent’s body image and eating disturbances. Sex Roles. 2003;48:389-99. doi: 10.1023/A:1023570326812
  16. Marhaeni A. Perkembangan psikososial dan kepribadian remaja. Dalam: Tumbuh Kembang Remaja dan Permasalahannya. Jakarta: CV Sagung Seto; 2004.
  17. Salim LB. Hubungan persepsi tubuh, perilaku makan dan status gizi siswi SMP Negeri 8 Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada; 2010.
  18. Jones WR, Schelhase M, Morgan JF. Eating disorders: clinical features and the role of the general psychiatrist. Advanced in Psychiatric Treatment. 2012;18(1):34-43. doi: 10.1192/apt.bp.109.007245
  19. Franzio SL, Klaiber JR. Body use and reference group impact: with whom do we compare our bodies?. Sex Roles. 2007;56(3):205-14. doi: 10.1007/s11199-006-9162-4
  20. Cheung PCH, Patricia L, Lam ST, Bibby H. A study on body weight perception and weight control behaviours among adolescents in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Med J. 2007;13(1):16-21.
  21. Jung J, Forbes GB, Lee YJ. Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating among early adolescents from Korean and the US. Sex Roles. 2009;61(1):42-54. doi: 10.1007/s11199-009-9609-5


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 11066 | views : 10909


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) Indexed by:

web stats View My Stats