Latihan yoga terhadap berat badan, persen lemak tubuh, dan lingkar perut pada wanita dewasa overweight

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.32150

Putri Nur Fatimah(1*), Fillah Fithra Dieny(2), Etisa Adi Murbawani(3), Ahmed Fahmy Arif Tsani(4)

(1) Mahasiswa Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro
(2) Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro
(3) Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro
(4) Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Obesity caused diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Yoga considered three aspects, physic, emotion and mental that helped in obesity therapy.

Objective: This research aimed to explain the influence of yoga excercise on body weight, percent of body fat, waist circumference and waist to hip ratio (WHR) in overweight women.

Method: This research applied quasi experiment design by using pre-post test with control group design. The subjects of research were 31 women aged 19-25 years old and divided into 2 groups, treatment group and control group. Treatment group was prepared to do yoga in 60 minutes for 10 times during 20 days and given nutrition education, whereas control group was given nutrition education only. Data body weight and percentage of body fat were measured by bioimpedance analysis; waist circumference and WHR were measured by tape measures; food intake were assessed by food recall and food frequency questionnaire. Data were analyzed using paired t-test and independent t-test.

Results: There was a significant difference of body weight before and after intervention in both groups. The body weight on treatment group decreased by 0.81 ± 1.29 kg (p<0.05), while the body weight on the control group increased. Percentage of body fat and waist circumference decreased on both of groups, however treatment group decreased more than the control group. WHR no significant on both of groups. Yoga excercise resulted no significant influences on body weight, percentage of body fat, waist circumference and WHR in overweight women (p>0.05).

Conclusion: Obesity women with 10 times yoga had no significant influences on body weight, percentage of body fat, waist circumference and WHR.


Keywords


body fat; body weight; obesity; waist circumference; waist to hip ratio; yoga

Full Text:

PDF


References

  1. Bag S, Anbarasu A. Bio chemistry obesity : a critical review. Int J Pharma Bio Sci 2011;2(4):582–92.
  2. Field AE, Coakley EH, Must A, Spadano JL, Laird N, Dietz WH, et al. Impact of overweight on the risk of developing common chronic diseases during a 10 year period. Arch Intern Med 2001;161(13):1581–6.
  3. Hawkesworth S, Medicine T. Definition, etiology, and assessment. London Sch Hyg Trop Med 2013;2:389–92.
  4. Obesity and Overweight. World Health Organization. [series online] 2016 [cited 13 Juni 2017]. Available from: URL: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/
  5. Balitbang Kemenkes RI. Riset Kesehatan Dasar; RISKESDAS. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI; 2013.
  6. Santoso B, Sulistiowati E, Sekartuti, Lamid A. Pokok pokok hasil Riskesdas Provinsi Jawa Tengah 2013. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan; 2013.
  7. WHO. Unhealthy diets and physical inactivity. NMH Fact Sheet [series online] 2009 [cited 13 Juni 2017]. Available from: URL: http://www.who.int/nmh/publications/fact_sheet_diet_en.pdf
  8. Marks R, Landaira M. Sleep, disturbances of sleep, stress and obesity: a narrative review. J Obes Eat Disord 2015;1(2):1–6.
  9. Ellie W, Rofles RS. Understanding nutrition. 12th ed. United States: Wadsworth Cengage Learning; 2011.
  10. Park CL, Braun T, Siegel T. Who practices yoga? A systematic review of demographic, health-related, and psychosocial factors associated with yoga practice. J Behav Med 2015;38(3):460–71.
  11. Savitha N, Anbalagan P. Combined and isolated effects of hatha yoga and aerobic dance training on selected combined and isolated effects of hatha yoga and aerobic dance training on selected. J Recent Res Appl Stud 2014;1(1):27–34.
  12. Papp ME, Lindfors P, Nygren-bonnier M, Gullstrand L, Wa PE. Effects of high-intensity hatha yoga on cardiovascular fitness. Adipocytokines 2016;22(1):81–7.
  13. Catherine W. Exploring the therapeutic effects of yoga and its ability to increase quality of life. Int J Yoga 2011;4(2):49–54.
  14. Khode AM and V. Effect of Bhramari pranayama and OM chanting on pulmonary function in healthy individuals: a prospective randomized control trial. Int J Yoga 2014;7(2):104–11.
  15. Netam R, Yadav RK, Khadgawat R, Sarvottam K, Yadav R. Interleukin-6, vitamin D & diabetes risk-factors modified by a short-term yoga-based lifestyle intervention in overweight/obese individuals. Indian J Med Res 2015;141:775–82.
  16. Hidayati N. Pengaruh latihan yoga terhadap obesitas pada ibu-ibu di Desa Karang Tengah Nogotirto Gamping Sleman Yogyakarta [Skripsi]. Yogyakarta: Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta; 2015.
  17. Bhardwaj PR, Bhardwaj AK. Therapeutic applications of yoga for weight reduction in obese population: an evidence- based overview. Online J Multidiscip Res 2015;1(1):1–5.
  18. Lauche R, Sibbritt D, Ostermann T, Fuller NR, Adams J, Cramer H. Associations between yoga / meditation use, body satisfaction, and weight management methods : results of a national cross-sectional survey of 8009 Australian women. Nutrition 2017;34:58–64.
  19. Bernstein  AM, Bar J, Ehrman JP, Golubic M, Roizen MF. Yoga in the management of overweight and obesity. Am J Lifestyle Med 2013;8(1):33–41.
  20. Arankalle DV, Kumar MS. Effect of yoga techniques practice in obese adults. International Scientific Yoga Journal Sense 2013;3(3):22-29.
  21. Tracy BL, Candy EH. Bikram yoga training and physical fitness in healthy young adults. J Strength Cond Res 2013;27(3):822-30.
  22. Lee J, Kim J, Kim D. Effects of yoga exercise on serum adiponectin and metabolic syndrome factors in obese postmenopausal women. J North Am Menopause Soc 2012;19(3):296–301.
  23. Shiraishi JC, Gadelha AB, Mara L, Bezerra A. Effects of a 12-week systematized yoga intervention on health-related physical fitness in healthy adults. Advances in Physical Education 2017;7(1):27–37.
  24. Ramos-Jiménez A, Hernánde-Torres RP, Wall-Medrano A. Hatha yoga program determinants on cardiovascular health in physically active adult women. J Yoga Phys Therapy 2011;1:103.
  25. Vispute S, Smith J, Lecheminant J, Kimberly H. The effect of abdominal exercise on abdominal fat. J Strength Cond Res 2011;25(9):2559–64.
  26. Fredriks AM, Buuren ÆS Van, Fekkes ÆM, Jan SPVÆ, Wit M. Are age references for waist circumference, hip circumference and waist-hip ratio in Dutch children useful in clinical practice? Eur J Pediatr 2005;164(4):216-22.
  27. Telles S, Naveen VK, Balkrishna A, Kumar S. Short term health impact of a yoga and diet change program on obesity. Med Sci Monit 2010;16(1):CR35-40.
  28. Cramer H, Thoms MS, Anheyer D, Lauche R, Dobos G. Yoga in women with abdominal obesity — a randomized controlled trial. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2016;113(39):645–52.
  29. Ross A, Brooks A, Touchton-Leonard K, Wallen G. A different weight loss experience: a qualitative study exploring the behavioral, physical, and psychosocial changes associated with yoga that promote weight loss. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2016;2016:2914745.
  30. Mciver S, Mcgartland M, Halloran PO. “Overeating is not about the food”: women describe their experience of a yoga treatment program for binge eating. Qual Health Res 2009;19(9):1234-45.
  31. Kiecolt-Glaser JK, Christian LM, Andridge R, Hwang BS, Malarkey WB, Belury MA, et al. Adiponectin, leptin, and yoga practice. Physiol Behav 2012;107(5):809–13.
  32. Nelms M, Sucher KP, Lacey K, Roth SL. Nutrition Therapy & Pathophysiology. 2nd ed. Vol. 55. USA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning; 2012.
  33. Subarjati A. Hubungan indeks massa tubuh dengan kadar leptin dan adiponektin. Journal of Nutrition College 2015;4(4):428-34.
  34. Soegondo S. Perjalanan obesitas menuju diabetes militus dan penyakit kardiovaskuler. Jakarta: Divisi Metabolik Endikrinologi Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia; 2005.
  35. Paredes S, Ribeiro L. Cortisol : the villain in metabolic syndrome ? Rev Assoc Med Bras 2014;60(1):84–92.
  36. Kurniali P, Abikusno N. Healthy food for healthty people. Jakarta: Elex Media Komputindo; 2007.
  37. Ravi S, Sangeeta G. Response of paschimottanasana and kapalabhati on anthropometric parameters. Int J Res Ayurveda Pharm 2014;5(3):256–60.
  38. Camhi SM, Evans EW, Hayman LL, Lichtenstein AH,  Must A. Healthy eating index and metabolically healthy  obesity in U.S. adolescents and adults. Prev Med 2015;77:23-7
  39. Dieny FF, Widyastuti N, Fitranti DY. Sindrom metabolik pada remaja obes: prevalensi dan hubungannya dengan kualitas diet. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia 2015;12(1):1–11.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.32150

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1927 | views : 1549

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) Indexed by:
 
 Crossref   Google Scholar Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD) Indonesia OneSearch (IOS)  CORE   

  Creative Commons License

JGKI is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

free
web stats View My Stats