Karakteristik sosial demografi dan konsumsi zat besi pada ibu hamil berdasarkan data Studi Diet Total (SDT) tahun 2014 di Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.26779

Safrullah Amir(1*), Susetyowati Susetyowati(2), Arta Farmawati(3)

(1) Yayasan Cakrawala Harapan Akses Inisiatif (CHAI) Indonesia
(2) Departemen Gizi Kesehatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Biokimia, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Pregnant women are the group most vulnerable to iron deficiency anemia. This occurs as a consequence of a significantly increased demand for iron intake during pregnancy. The efforts of pregnant women to compensate for the increased need of iron depend on various sociodemographic characteristics.

Objective: To analyze the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and iron consumption of pregnant women in Indonesia.

Method: This research is observational study design with cross-sectional approach using secondary data of the Total Dietary Study (SDT) year 2014. A total of 644 pregnant women inform the SDT study who met our inclusion and exclusion criteria were assessed for their level of consumption using 24-hour dietary recall method. Data were then processed using Nutrisurvey software and Indonesian Food Composition Table (TKPI) to estimate the consumption of iron. Analysis was conducted using Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests by including various social demographic characteristics in pregnant women.

Results: The results of this study found that level of education, employment status, economic status, and residence of pregnant women are significantly related to iron consumption (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Pregnant women with high education, working status, middle to upper economic status, and living in urban areas have better iron consumption.


Keywords


anemia in pregnancy; iron; iron deficiency anemia; pregnant women

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.26779

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