Aktivitas fisik dengan penyakit jantung koroner di Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.26502

Diyan Yunanto Setyaji(1*), Yayi Suryo Prabandari(2), I Made Alit Gunawan(3)

(1) Program Studi Sarjana Gizi, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Panti Rapih
(2) Departemen Ilmu Perilaku, Lingkungan dan Sosial Kedokteran, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Jurusan Gizi, Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is responsible for a substantial amount of early deaths, reduced quality of life and significant costs to the health and social care system. More than 3/4 CHD cases can prevented by lifestyle changes and focus on earlier risk factors management. Physical activity become a reference for the most important of primary and secondary prevention.

Objective: To determine the relationship between physical activity and coronary heart disease in Indonesia.

Method: This study used a cross-sectional design. Coronary heart disease’s history, physical activity, age, sex, economic status and consumption of fatty food were obtained from Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) 2013. Riskesdas 2013 used multistage cluster sampling. Subject in this study was 374.506 women and 347.823 men above 15 years old in Indonesia who answered the coronary heart disease questions which was selected purposively. Data was analyzed by using descriptive analysis, Chi-Square and multiple logistic regression.

Results: Those who did not perform vigorous-intensity physical activity or who only did it less than 80 minutes per week had a higher prevalence of CHD than those who were more active  [2.63 (2.44-2.86); p=0.00].

Conclusion: Physical activity had a significant association with CHD events in people above 15 years old in Indonesia. 


Keywords


coronary heart disease; physical activity; riskesdas

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.26502

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