Potensi kerugian ekonomi akibat biaya rawat inap dan rawat jalan pada balita yang mengalami obesitas sampai dewasa di Indonesia


Brigitte Sarah Renyoet(1*), Drajat Martianto(2), Dadang Sukandar(3)

(1) Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor
(2) Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor
(3) Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: Nutrition and balance food very important for pregnant women so that the growth and fetal development can be optimal. Children, excess nutrients will be developed into a child obesity, if not be addressed urgently and left until the children become obese adults will lead to decrease productivity.

Objective: To estimate the economic losses potential to obesity on the toddler when adults remain obesity and sick so that issued a maintenance cost (inpatient and outpatient).

Method: This was a descriptive study with data processing of a variety of the relevant agencies as well as a secondary data in 2013. Data obtained is calculated using the formula derived from research Pitayatienanan et al. 2014 and correction factor of Guo et al. 2002.

Results: Estimation of the economic losses potential due to low productivity is 3.492 – 8.717 billion rupiah/year (0,04 - 0,10%) of the total GDP in Indonesia.

Conclusion: Economic losses potential due to the cost of obesity in Indonesia shows the loss of high enough, especially for developing countries. In addition to its prevalence of problems that high, loss also influenced by the changes disease patterns, maintenance of costs each disease comorbidities of obesity itself.


economic losses; toddler obesity; toddlers 0-59 months of age

Full Text:



  1. Shrimpton R, Rokx C, Elder L, Marzoeki P, Dorkin D, Pambudi E, et al. United Nations Children’s Fund, DeRuiter D, Kapoor M. Indonesia health sector review: menghadapi beban ganda malnutrisi. [series online] 2012 [cited 2015 Oktober 21]. Available from: URL: http://mca-indonesia.go.id.
  2. World Health Organization.World health statistics 2014. Geneva: WHO; 2014.
  3. Dobbs R, Sawers C, Thompson F, Manyika J, Woetzel J, Spatharou A, et al. Overcoming obesity: an initial economic analysis. UK: The McKinsey Global Institute (MGI); 2014.
  4. World Health Organization. Comprehensive plan on maternal, infant and young child nutrition. [series online] 2014 [cited 2015 Oktober 11]. Available from: URL: http://www.who.int/media centre/factsheets/fs311/en/
  5. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Laporan hasil riset kesehatan dasar Indonesia Tahun 2013. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2013.
  6. Adiwinanto W. Pengaruh intervensi olahraga di sekolah terhadap indeks massa tubuh dan tingkat kebugaran kardiorespirasi pada remaja obesitas [Skripsi]. Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro; 2008.
  7. American Heart Association. Heart international cardiovascular disease statistic. [series online] 2011 [cited 2015 Oktober 12]. Available from: URL: http://www.american heart.org/
  8. Sihadi, Djaiman SPH. Risiko kegemukan terhadap kadar kolesterol. Media Gizi dan Keluarga 2006;30(1):58-64.
  9. Blouin C. The economic impact of obesity and overweight. Quebec: Institut national de santé publique du Québec. [series online] 2014 [cited 2015 Oktober 15]. Available from: URL: http://www.inspq.qc.ca/english/topo
  10. Colagiuri S, Lee CMY, Colagiuri R, Magliano D, Shaw JE, Caterson ID, et al. The cost of overweight and obesity in Australia. Med J Aus 2010;192(5):260-4.
  11. Cawley J, Meyerhoefer C. The medical care costs of obesity: an instrumental variables approach. J Health Econ 2012;31(1):219-30.
  12. Wang LY, Denniston M, Lee S, Galuska D, Lowry R. Long-term health and economic impact of preventing and reducing overweight and obesity in adolescence. J Adolesc Health 2010;46(5):467-73.
  13. Reinhold T, Schultzendorff AV, Riemenschneider FM. Economic consequences of overweight and obesity in Asia-Pacific. European Journal of Integrative Medicine 2011;3(1):3-9.
  14. Badan Pusat Statistik. Laporan Bulanan Data Sosial Ekonomi. Edisi 55 Desember 2014. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia; 2014.
  15. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. “InfoDATIN” situasi kesehatan anak balita di Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2015.
  16. Badan Pusat Statistik. Keadaan pekerja di Indonesia November 2013. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia; 2013.
  17. Pitayatienanan P, Butchon R, Yothasamut J, Aekplakorn W, Teerawattananon Y, Thavorncharoensap M, et al. Economic costs of obesity in Thailand: a retrospective cost-of illness study. BMC Health Serv Res 2014;14:146.
  18. Guo SS, Wu W, Chumlea WC, Roche AF. Predicting overweight and obesity in adulthood from body mass index values in childhood and adolescence. Am J Clin Nutr 2002;76(3):653-8.
  19. World Health Organization. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. Geneva: WHO Technical Report series; 2000.
  20. Borg S, Persson U, Odegaard K, Berglund G, Nilsson JA, Nilsson PM. Obesity, survival, and hospital costs-findings from a screening project in Sweden. Value Health 2005;8(5):562-71.
  21. Stefani DL. Pembiayaan kesehatan. [series online] 2013 [cited 2016 Juni 20]. Available from: URL: http://delfistefani. wordpress.com/2013/06/19/makalah-pembiayaan-kesehatan/
  22. Sulastomo. Manajemen kesehatan. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama; 2007.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.22899

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 5240 | views : 4111


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) Indexed by:

web stats View My Stats