Persepsi tubuh dan gangguan makan pada remaja

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.19287

Mohamad Yulianto Kurniawan(1*), Dodik Briawan(2), Rezzy Eko Caraka(3)

(1) Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Institut Pertanian Bogor
(2) Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Institut Pertanian Bogor
(3) Departemen Statistika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika Universitas Diponegoro Semarang, Jawa Tengah
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: There can no longer be any doubt that adolescents do indeed have body esteem problems. Several types of research seem to suggest that this wrong behavior caused by some negative perceptions as a result of dissatisfaction with the body and a person’s level of self-confidence. Therefore they often do misperceptions of his/her body that can lead to wrong dietary behavior. It’s related to the development of more severe body image and eating-related problems.

Objective: This study determined the relationship of body image perception and eating disorders in adolescents.

Method: A cross-sectional study was applied in this study. The subjects were 120 new students majoring in a nutritional program in Bogor Agricultural University (IPB). They completed a questionnaire measuring appearance evaluation, appearance orientation, body areas satisfaction, overweight preoccupation, self-classified weight and eating disorders. Multidimensional Body Self-Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Scale (MBSRQ-AS) method is used to assess body image perception and Eating Attitude Test 40 (EAT-40) to predict eating disorders.

Results: Descriptive analysis showed nutritional status were categorized as normal (83.3%), overweight (10.0%), obesity (4.2%) and thin (2.5%). With MBSRQ-AS method, most of the adolescents have appearance evaluation (80.0%), appearance orientation (99.2%), body areas satisfaction (80.8%), self-classified weight (71.7%) were categorized as negative, whereas overweight preoccupation (57.5%) were categorized as positive. There was (7.8%) female subject with eating disorders with more risk or have attitude the desire to eat continuously and can’t stop eating (2-3 times a month).

Conclusion: Statistically using a significance level (α=5%) obtained a significant correlation between body image perception in overweight preoccupation subscale with eating disorders. However, there were no significant correlations for other subscales.


Keywords


adolescents; body image; eating disorders

Full Text:

PDF


References

Germove J, William LA sociology of food & nutrition: the social appetite. New York: Oxford University Press; 2004.

Brown TA, Cash TF, Lewis RJ. Body-image disturbances in adolescent female binge-purgers: a brief report of the results of a national survey in the U.S.A. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 1989;30(4):605-13.

Khan AN, Khalid S, Khan HI and Mehnaz J. Impact of today’s media on university student’s body image in Pakistan: a conservative, developing country’s perspective. Pub Health 2011;11(3):79-87.

Santrock JW. Adolescents: perkembangan remaja (edisi keenam). Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga; 2003.

Stice E. Risk and maintenance factors for eating pathology: a meta-analytic review. Psychol Bull 2002;128(5):825-48.

Groesz LM, Levine MP, Murnen SK. The effect of experimental presentation of thin media images on body satisfaction: a meta-analytic review. Int J Eat Disord 2002;3191:1-16.

Ando T, Ichimaru Y, Konjiki F, Shoji M, Komaki G. Variations in the preproghrelin gene correlate with higher body mass index, fat mass, and body dissatisfaction in young Japanese women. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;86(1):25-32.

Ochoa Hoyos AM. Body image: differences and similarities between Colombian and Dutch teenagers. Perspectivas en Nutricion Humana 2007;9(2):109-22.

Van Son G, Van Hoeken D, Bartelds AIM, Van Furth E, Hoek H. Time trends in the incidence of eating disorders: a primary care study in the Netherland. Int J Eat Disord 2006;39:565-9.

Keel PK, Klump PL. Are eating disorders culture bound syndrome? implications for conceptualizing their etiology. Physichol Bull 2003;129(5):747-69.

Lewinsohn PM, Striegel-Moore RH, Seeley JR. Epidemiology and natural coursee of eating disorders in young women from adolescence to young adulthood. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2000;39(10):1284-92.

Makino M, Tsuboi K, Dennerstein L. Prevalence of eating disorders: a comparison of western and non-western countries. Health Psychol 2004;7(6):75-84.

Depkes RI. Sistem Kesehatan Nasional. Jakarta: Depkes RI; 2009.

Kemenkes RI. Standar antropometri penilaian status gizi anak. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI; 2010.

WHO. The Asia-Pasific perspective: redefining obesity and it’s treatment. Australia: WHO Western Pacific Region; 2000.

Garner DM, Garfinkel PE. The eating attitudes test: an index of the symptoms of anorexia nervosa. Psychol Med 1979;9(2):273-9.

Cash TF, Pruzinsky T. Body images: development, deviance, and change. New York: The Guilford Press; 1990.

Septiadewi D, Briawan D. Penggunaan metode body shape questionnaire (BSQ) dan figure rating scale (FRS) untuk pengukuran persepsi tubuh remaja perempuan. Gizi Indon 2010;33(1):29-36.

Reyes-Rodríguez ML, Franko DL, Matos-Lamourt A, Bulik CM, Von Holle A, Cámara-Fuentes LR, Rodríguez-Angleró D, Cervantes-López S, Suárez-Torres A. Eating disorder symptomatology: prevalence among Latino College Freshmen students. J Clin Psychol 2010;66(6):666-79.

Austin SB, Ziyadeh NJ, Jacobs D. Screening high school students for eating disorders: results of a national initiative. Prev Chronic Dis 2008;5(4):A114.

Cash TF, Morrow JA, Hrabosky JI, Perry AA. How has body image changed? a cross-sectional investigation of college women and men from 1983 to 2001. J Consult Clin Psychol 2004;72(6):1081-9.

Papalia DE, Olds SW, Feldman RD. Human development (psikologi perkembangan edisi kesembilan). Jakarta: Kencana; 2008.

Dacey J, Kenny M. Adolescent development (2th ed). USA: Brown &Benchmark Publishers; 2001.

Cafri G, Thompson JK. Measuring male body image: a review of the current methodology. Psychology of Men & Masculinity 2004;5:18-29.

Pope HG, Phillips KA, Olivardia R. The adonis complex: The secret crisis of male body obsession. Sydney: The Free Press; 2000.

Evans RR, Roy J, Geiger BF, Werner KA, Burnett D. Ecological strategies to promote healthy body image among children. J Sch Health 2008;78(7):359-67.

Sanggarwaty R. Kiat menjadi model profesional. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama; 2003.

McCabe MP. A longitudinal study of pubertal timing and extreme body change behaviors among adolescent boys and girls. [series online] 2004 [cited 23 November 2013]. Available from: URL: http://www.findarticles.com/p/ articles/mi_m2248/is_153_39/ai_n6140287/print.

Berscheid E, Walster E, Bohrnsedt G. The happy American body: a survey report. Psychology today 1973;7(6):119-31.

Cash TF, Winstead B, Janada L. The great American shape-up. Psychology today 1986;20(4):30-7.

Garner DM. The 1997 body image survey results. Psychology today 1997;30:75-84.

Winzeler A. A healthy body image. UNH departement of family studies. [series online] 2005 [cited 14 Juni 2014]. Available from: URL: www.adolescence.unh.edu/healthybodyfinal.pdf.

Untas A, Koleck M, Rascle N, Borteyrou X. Psychometric properties of the french adaptation of the multidimentional body self relations questionnaire-appearance scales. Psychol Rep 2009;105(2):461-71.

Andea R. Hubungan antara body image dan perilaku diet pada remaja [Skripsi]. Medan: Universitas Sumatera Utara; 2010.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.19287

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1310 | views : 5036

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Clinical Nutrition)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) Indexed by:
 
 Crossref   Google Scholar Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD) Indonesia OneSearch (IOS)  CORE   

  Creative Commons License

JGKI is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

free
web stats View My Stats