Asupan zat gizi, status gizi dan motivasi serta hubungannya dengan produktivitas pekerja perempuan pada bagian pencetakan di Pabrik Bakpia Pathuk 25 Yogyakarta

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.17614

Rina Kusriyana(1*), Siti Helmyati(2), R Dwi Budiningsari(3)

(1) UPTD Puskesmas Jatinegara, Tegal
(2) Program Studi Gizi dan Kesehatan Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Magister Gizi Kesehatan Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Employees’ productivity is closely related with nutritional condition. Nutritional condition can be physically assessed by determining nutrition status. One’s nutrition status is directly influenced by nutrient intake. However, health and nutrition status of an employee in general have not got proper attention that lead to decreasing productivity. Productivity is not only influenced by nutrition status but also by psychological factor that involves motivation.

Objectives: To identify association between nutrient intake, nutrition status and motivation and productivity of female workers at production department of Bakpia Pathuk 25 Factory Yogyakarta.

Method: The study was a survey that used cross sectional design. Subject of the study were female workers at production department as many as 40 people taken through proportional stratified random sampling technique. Data of subject assessed were nutrient intake (energy, carbohydrate, fat, protein, and Fe), nutrition status, motivation, and productivity. Nutrient intake was assessed using food recall 24 hours within 4 days, nutrition status was specified using anthropometric approach using body mass index (weight/height), motivation was assessed through motivation questionnaire and productivity through quantity of production (raw bakpia) produced by the worker at a time observation (44 minutes for
workers at crust production and 1 hour for workers at filing department) within 3 times observation.

Result: The result of linear regression analysis showed that association between nutrient intake (energy, carbohydrate, fat, protein and Fe), nutrition status and productivity was r<0.25 and p>0.05 whereas between motivation and productivity was r=0.901; R2= 0.812; and p=0.000 for variables of wages, intake of energy, Fe and motivation and productivity.

Conclusion: There was no significant association between nutrient intake (energy, carbohydrate, fat, protein and Fe) and nutrition status and productivity; there was signifiant association between motivation and productivity. Concurrently only motivation had significant association with productivity.


Keywords


nutrient intake; nutrition status; motivation; productivity; female workers

Full Text:

PDF


References

Sumbodo DP. Daya Saing dan Produktivitas Indonesia dan Negara-negara ASEAN. [serial online] 2007 [cited 2007 May 2]. Avalaible from: http://www.Apindo.or.id/images/_rte/produktivitasAseanDidik.

Anonim. Kesehatan bagi Pekerja Perempuan. [serial online] 2007 [cited 2007 April 3]. Avalaible from: URL:http//:www.depkes.go.id.

Agus HZ. Anemia Gizi pada Perempuan Pekerja dan Penanggulangannya. Medika 2005; XXXI: 266-8.

Anonim. Kajian Kematian Ibu, Kematian Anak dan Status Gizi di Indonesia. [serial online] 2007 [cited 2007 Jul 3]. Avalaible from http://surkesnas.litbang.depkes.go.id.

Untoro JR, W Schultink, D Sediaoetama. The Assosiation Between BMI, Haemoglobin and Work Productivity Among Indonesian Female Factory Workers. Eur J Clin Nut 1996; 52:131-5.

Wolgemuth CJ et al. Worker Production of Kenyan Road Construction Labores. Am J Clin Nut 1982; 36:68-78.

Kaeksi, R. Perbedaan Asupan Energi, Protein, dan Status Gizi Pada Kelompok Produktivitas Perajin Tempe Desa Lumbungrejo Kecamatan Tempel Kabupaten Sleman. [skripsi]. Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta; 2005.

Anoraga P. Psikologi Kerja. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta; 2003.

Prasetyo E dan M Wahyudin. Pengaruh Kepuasan dan Motivasi Kerja Terhadap Produktivitas Kerja Karyawan Riyadi Palace Hotel di Surakarta. [serial online] 2008 [cited 2008 June 5]. Avalaible from: http: www.eeprint.ums.ac.id.

WHO. Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic WHO Technical Report Series 894. Geneva: WHO; 2000.

Lam SYW dan Conrad H.W Tang. Motivation of Survey Employees ini Construction Projects. Journal of Geospatial Engineering 2003; 5 (1): 61-6.

Latham CM. The Relation of Nutrition to Productivity and Well-being of Workers. [serial online] 2007 [cited 2007 Jul 3]. Avalaible from: http://www.zef.de/module/register/media tanggal 3 Mei 2007.

Martaniah SM et al. Laporan Penelitian Hubungan Antara Tingkat Terpenuhinya Kebutuhan Fisik Minimal dan Produktivitas Kerja di Provinsi Jawa Tengah dan Sumatra Barat. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Psikologi UGM; 1990.

Rickum D, Arsiniati M Brata Arbai dan Kuntoro. Pengaruh Pemberian Makanan Tradisional Serwit Terhadap Produktivitas Kerja Karyawan. Prosiding Temu Ilmiah, Kongres XIII Persagi; 2005 437-48.

Weinberger K. Micronutrient Intake and Labor Productivity: Evidence from a Consumtion and Income Survey Among Indian Agricultural Labourers. Agriculture. 2004; 33 (4): 255-60.

Kennedy E, M Garcia. Body Mass Index and Economic Productivity [serial online] 2008 [cited 2008 Mart 17]. Avalaible from: www.unu.edu/unupress/Fod2/IUDIUE/iudiue.htm.

Setyawati L. Kelelahan Kerja Kajian Terhadap Perasaan Kelelahan Kerja. [Disertasi]. Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta; 1994.

Siagian PS. Kiat Meningkatkan Produktivitas Kerja. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta; 2002.

Daryatmi. Pengaruh Motivasi, Pengawasan dan Budaya Kerja Terhadap Produktivitas Kerja Karyawan Perusahaan Daerah Bank Perkreditan Rakyat Badan Kredit Desa Kabupaten Karang Anyar. [serial online] 2008 [cited 2008 June 5]. Avalaible from: www.eprint.ums.ac.id.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.17614

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1751 | views : 5784

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Clinical Nutrition)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) Indexed by:
 
 Crossref   Google Scholar Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD) Indonesia OneSearch (IOS)  CORE   

  Creative Commons License

JGKI is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

free
web stats View My Stats