Pola makan, penyakit infeksi, dan status gizi anak balita pengungsi di Kabupaten Pidie Provinsi Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.17562

Irwansyah Putra(1*), Endy Paryanto Prawirohartono(2), Madarina Julia(3)

(1) Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Pidie
(2) Bagian Anak RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta/Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Bagian Anak RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta/Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: The declaration of Martial Law in Aceh Province have been held, they evacuate themselves to save from the risks when bombardment happen. In refugee camp, there were problems, like improperly place to live, lack of food, and lack of water. This condition will make the nutritional and health status become worse. It can be signed by the increasing of under nutrition prevalence.

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the food consumption pattern, breastfeeding pattern, nutritional intake, infection diseases, and nutritional status of infant under five years old in refugee camp.

Method: This was an observational study with cross sectional design. This study was conducted in Keunire refugee camp, Pidie District, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Province. Subjects of this study were infants under five years old. Data were collected by interview using open questionnaire, while nutritional intake data were collected by recall method and analyzed using computer. The assesment of nutritional intake was using anthropometry method. Data were analyzed using chi square test and t-test.

Results: General and specific feeding pattern were given by the team of disaster and refugee tackling of Pidie District for Keunire refugee camp. Specific feeding pattern was given to the infant of under five years old as a food supplement. That food supplement should fulfill 15.4-30.5% energy and 28.5% - 69.1% protein requirements. Breastfeeding pattern changed into more regular when they were ini refugee camp, because their children were thirsty and crying. Mean of energy and protein intake of refugee infant of under five years old were higher than that of non refugee. The under nutrition prevalences of refugee infant of under five years old were 21.7% (WHZ), 32.5% (WAZ), while that prevalences of non refugee infant were 23.8% (WHZ) and 39.7% (WAZ). Statistically, there were no differences in under nutrition prevalences between both of them. Nutritional status had association with energy intake, protein intake, and infection diseas in refugee camp.

Conclusions: There was changing in breastfeeding pattern in refugee camp. There were also differences in mean of energy and protein intake between refugee and non refugee infant of under five years old, but there was no difference in nutritional status.


Keywords


breastfeeding pattern; infant of under five years; old; refugee; nutritional status

Full Text:

PDF


References

Khairani. Pengungsi, Hak Asasi, dan Pandangan Hukum. Banda Aceh: Yayasan Flower Aceh; 1999.

Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Pidie. Laporan Pengungsi Kabupaten Pidie. Sigli: Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Pidie; 2003.

WHO. The Management of Nutrition in Major Emergencies. Geneva: WHO; 2000.

Mason JB. Lessons on Nutrition of Displaced People. J Nutr 2002;132:2096-103.

Thaha AR, Hadju V. Program Bantuan Pemberian Makanan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat bagi Korban Bancana Alam atau Kerusuhan. [Serial online]. 2003. Tersedia dalam http://www.emb-denmark.or.id/ info/990416.htm. (Diakses 4 Agustus 2003).

Roesli U. Pemberian ASI Menyehatkan Ibu. [Serial online]. 2004. Tersedia dalam http://www.balitaanda. indoglobal.com/pemberianasi.html. (Diakses 2 Mei 2004).

Waldman RJ. Prioriting Health Care in Complek Emergencies. Lancet 2001; 357:1427-29.

Sudiman H. Kajian Masalah Gizi dalam Keadaan Kedaruratan Akibat Bencana dan Konflik. Bulletin Penelitian Kesehatan 2001;29(4):162-73.

Rahmat M. Hubungan Konsumsi dan Status Gizi Anak Umur 6-18 Bulan di Panti Sosial Asuhan Anak se-DKI Jakarta dan Tangerang Tahun 1999 [Tesis]. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia; 2000.

Werdiningsih A, Hadi H, Padmawati RS. Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Perbaikan Status Gizi Balita Gizi Buruk di Kabupaten Bantul dan Sleman Jogjakarta. Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat 2001;17(4):181-7.

Yip R, Sharp TW. Acute Malnutrition and High Children Mortality Related to Diarhea. Jama 1993;270:587-90.

Soekirman. Ilmu Gizi dan Aplikasinya untuk Keluarga dan Masyarakat. Jakarta: Dirjen Dikti Depdiknas; 2000.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.17562

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 634 | views : 1255

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Clinical Nutrition)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) Indexed by:
 
 Crossref   Google Scholar Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD) Indonesia OneSearch (IOS)  CORE   

  Creative Commons License

JGKI is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

free
web stats View My Stats