Hubungan konsumsi makanan dan kadar hemoglobin (Hb) dengan prestasi belajar siswa SLTP Kota Palembang

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.17459

Sartono Sartono(1*), Wiryatun Lestariana(2), Toto Sudargo(3)

(1) Politeknik Kesehatan Palembang
(2) Bagian Biokimia Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Magister Gizi dan Kesehatan, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Nutrition problems may happen to all groups of ages. A problem at a particular age group may affect nutrition status of the next periodic life cycle (intergenerational impact). Malnourished children may encounter physical growth, mental and intellectual disorder. Someone’s nutrition status may be affected by food consumption supply. Nutrition status can affect children schooling and academic achievement. Children suffering from iron deficiency have lower score in cognitive growth, study and academic achievement.

Objective: To identify relationship between food consumption and haemoglobin (Hb) level and academic achievement of junior high school students at Palembang Municipality.

Method: The study was an analytical survey with cross sectional design. Population and samples were junior high school students at Palembang Municipality as subject of the study. Samples were chosen with multistage sampling design, the group was randomly selected and samples of each junior high school and grade were chosen using proportional stratified random sampling technique. Data analysis used univariable, bivariable and multivariable techniques. Bivariable statistical test was used to identify relationship between food consumption and academic achievement and between Hb level and academic achievement; whereas regression test was used to identify relationship between food consumption and Hb level. Meanwhile, multivariable analysis used double linear regression. Data of food consumption were processed using NutriSurvey program for Windows. All data were then processed with SPSS program version 10.

Result: There was relationship between food consumption (energy, protein, vitamin C, zinc intake) and academic achievement (energy: p=0.001, r=0.372; protein: p=0.046, r=0.209; vitamin C: p=0.009, r=0.273; zinc: p=0.042, r=0.214), and there was relationship between Hb level and academic achievement (p=<0.001, r=0.421). There was relationship between food consumption (energy intake) and Hb level. (p=0.051, r=0.205).

Conclusion: The result of multivariable showed that only Hb level had significant relationship with academic achievement (p=<0.001, B=2.077).

Keywords


food consumption; haemoglobin; academic achievement

Full Text:

PDF


References

Azwar A. Kecenderungan Masalah Gizi dan Tantangan di Masa Datang. Jakarta: Ditjen Binkesmas Dep.Kes RI; 2004.

Soekirman. Ilmu Gizi dan Aplikasinya untuk Keluarga dan Masyarakat. Jakarta : Ditjen Dikti Dep. Diknas; 2000.

Khomsan A. Pangan dan Gizi untuk Kesehatan. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada; 2003.

Prihananto. Fortifikasi Pangan sebagai Upaya Penanggulangan Anemia Gizi Besi [serial online]. 2004. Available: http://tumoutou.net/pps70282034/ diffah hanim.htm. [Diakses 8 Juli 2005].

Setiyobroto I, Julia M, Mursyid A, & Ismail E. Pengaruh Suplementasi Kombinasi Besi-Folat, Vitamin A, dan Zink terhadap Status Anemia dan Kadar Feritin Anak SD Kelas IV-VI di Kecamatan Imogiri Kabupaten Bantul. Nutrisia 2004;5(2):95-104.

Almatsier S. Prinsip Dasar Ilmu Gizi. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama; 2004.

Permaesih D, Ridwan E, & Pambudi J. Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Status Gizi Remaja. Bogor: Puslitbang Gizi Dep.Kes RI; 2005.

Guyton AC. Fisiologi Kedokteran. Edisi 5. Bagian 1. (Terjemahan) Harma A, & Lukmanto P. Jakarta: EGC; 1988.

Tu’u T. Peran Disiplin pada Perilaku dan Prestasi Siswa. Jakarta: PT. Gransindo; 2004.

Ismail E, Yulia M, & setiyobroto I. Pengaruh Suplementasi Fe-Folat, Zink, dan Vitamin A terhadap Prestasi Belajar Siswa Sekolah Dasar Stunted Kelas IV-VI. Nutrisia 2004;5(2):105-12.

Linder MC. Nutrisi dan Metabolisme Mikro Mineral. In: Linder MC. Nutrional Biochemistry. (Terjemahan) Parakkasi A. Jakarta: UI–Press: 1992. p. 261-344.

Saraswati E. Hubungan Kebiasaan Makan Pagi dengan Prestasi Belajar Siswa SLTP di Kotamadya Sukabumi tahun 1997. Info Pangan dan Gizi 2000;11(1).

Permaesih D, & Herman S. Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Anemia Remaja. Bogor: Puslitbang Gizi Dep.Kes RI; 2005.

Navianti D, Ramli N, & Amilawati. Hubungan Sarapan Pagi dan Kadar hemoglobin (Hb) dengan Prestasi Belajar Siswa SLTP Kota Palembang. Laporan Riset Poltekkes. Palembang: Poltekkes Dep.Kes Palembang; 2005.

Harsoyo N, Irawan PW, Susanto YC, & Alifiani HP. Kadar Seng Plasma dan Asupan Makanan Anak Remaja di Kota Semarang: Studi pada Anak SMP di Kota Semarang. Media Medika Indonesia 2003;38(1):5-10.

Admi. Pengaruh Suplementasi Fe terhadap Prestasi Belajar Siswa Anak Sekolah Dasar di Kecamatan Indrajaya Kabupaten Pidie-Nanggroe Aceh Darusalam [Tesis]. Yogyakarta: Program Pascasarjana UGM; 2004.

Prawiranegara DD. Ilmu Gizi dalam Mencerdaskan Bangsa. Depok: Universitas Indonesia; 1998.

Soemantri AG. Hubungan Anemi Kekurangan Zat Besi dengan Konsentrasi dan Prestasi Belajar [Tesis]. Semarang: Program Doktoral Pascasarjana UNDIP; 1978.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.17459

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2669 | views : 1987

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Clinical Nutrition)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) Indexed by:
 
 Crossref   Google Scholar Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD) Indonesia OneSearch (IOS)  CORE   

  Creative Commons License

JGKI is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

free
web stats View My Stats