Hubungan citra tubuh dengan status obesitas, aktivitas fisik dan asupan energi remaja SLTP di Yogyakarta dan Kabupaten Bantul

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.17428

Noviani Tarigan(1*), Hamam Hadi(2), Madarina Julia(3)

(1) Jurusan Gizi Politeknik Kesehatan Medan
(2) Magister Gizi dan Kesehatan, Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Pascasarjana Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Bagian Anak RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta/Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: The prevalence of obesity in adolescence, both in industrial and in developing countries, is increasing. This might be due to the fact that globalization has affected the lifestyle and the eating pattern of the adolescents. Apart from related to higher risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, obesity in adolescents might be also related to dissatisfaction of body image.

Objective: To asses the association between obesity and body image, and between body image and energy intake and physical activities of junior high school adolescents in the District of Yogyakarta and Bantul.

Method: This is a cross-sectional study. Subjects were 96 pairs of 12-15 years old obese and non-obese adolescents, identified in the obesity screening programs in junior high schools in Yogyakarta and Bantul. Subjects were asked to complete 34 questions on body shape image. Energy intake and physical activity data were obtained by food- and physical-activity-frequency questionnaires.

Results: Obese adolescents had higher odds to be dissatisfied to their body images compared to their non-obese peers, i.e. Mantel-Haenszel Odds Ratio (95% CI) of 14.6(6.2-34.4). Obese female adolescents had higher odds to be dissatisfied than their male counterparts, OR (95% CI) of 19.5(2.4-15.9) in female and OR (95%CI) of 13.4(5.3 – 33.8) in male adolescents. There were no significant associations between dissatisfaction status with energy intake and time spent on light physical activities. Dissatisfied adolescents tended to spend less time on hard physical activities compared to their satisfied peers.

Conclusion: Obese adolescents were more likely to be dissatisfied with their body images compared to their non-obese peers, but the dissatisfaction did not lead to less energy intake and more time spent on harder physical activities.


Keywords


adolescent obesity; body image; energy intake; physical activities

Full Text:

PDF


References

Gill TP. The Global Epidemic of Obesity. Am J Clin Nutr 1999;8:75-81.

Sjarif DR. Child Hood Obesity, Evaluation and Management. Dalam: Soebagijo A, Sri M, Askardar T, Hendromartono, Ari S, Agung P, editors. Naskah Lengkap National Obesity Symposium II: 2003; Surabaya. Perkeni, DNC. p. 123–39.

Khor GL, Azmi M, Yusof, Siong TE, Mirnalini K, Mary SLH. Prevalence of Overweight among Malaysian Adults from Rural Communities. Asia Pacific J Clin Nutr 1999;8:272–9.

Sjarif DR. Obesity in Child Hood, Pathogenesis and Management. Dalam: Tjokroprawiro A, Hendromartono, Ari S, Hans T, Agung P, Sri M,editors. Naskah Lengkap National Obesity Symposium I: 20-21 Juli 2002; Surabaya. Perkeni, DNC. p. 155–70.

Adiningsih Sri. Ukuran Pertumbuhan dan Status Gizi Remaja Awal. Dalam: Dala S, Abas BJ, Iman S, Gustina S, Rochamah, Budi H, editors. Prosiding Kongres Nasional Persagi dan Temu Ilmiah XII; Jakarta, Indonesia. 2002. h. 94-110.

Mahdiah. Prevalensi Obesitas dan Hubungan Konsumsi Fast Food dengan Kejadian Obesitas pada Remaja SLTP Kota dan Desa di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta [tesis]. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada; 2004.

Matz PE, Myles SF, Gary DF, Thomas AW. Correlates of Body Image Dissatisfaction among Overweight Women Seeking Weight Loss. J Consult Clin Psychol 2002;70:1040–4.

Adolescents and Body Image: What’s Typical and What’s Not. March/April 2002. Copy Editor; 6 :1–4.

Nichter M. Fat Talk, What Girls and Their Parents Say about Dieting. Harvard University Press; 2000. p. 1–14.

Huryati E. Aktifitas Fisik pada Remaja SLTP Kota Yogyakarta dan Kabupaten Bantul serta Hubungannya dengan Kejadian Obesitas [tesis]. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gajah Mada; 2004.

Kuczmarski RJ, Ogden CL, Guo SS, et al. 2000 CDC Growth Charts for the United States Methods and Development National Center for Health Statistic. Vital Health Stat 2002;11(246). Cooper PJ, Taylor MJ, Cooper Z, Fairburn CG. The Development and Validation of the Body Shape Questionnaire. Int J Eat Disord 1996;6:485–94.

Williamson DA, LG Womble, NLZucker, DL Reas, MA White, DC Blouin, et al. Body Image of Assesment for Obesity (BIA-O): Development of a New Procedure. Int J Obes 2000;24:1326–32.

Snooks MK, Sharon KH. Relatonship of Body Size, Body Image and Self Esteem in African American, European American, and Mexican American Middle Class Women. Health Care for Women International 2002;23:460–6.

Metcalf PA, Scragg RKR, Willoughby P, Finau S, Tipene L. Ethnic Differences in Perceptions of Body Size in Middle-aged European, Maori, and Pasicific People Living in New Zealand. Int J Obes 2000;24:593–9.

Christofer MS, Hamam H, Nawi Ng. Persepsi Siswa SMU terhadap imej Tubuh di Propinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. In press 2004.

Duncan MJ, Alan N, Marc VJ. Body Image and Physical Activity in British Secondary School Children. European Physical Education 2004; Review 10:243–60.

Ekulend U, Jan A, Agneta Y, Cecilia R, Klaas W, Michael S. Physical Activity but not Energy Expenditure is Reduced in Obese Adolescents: a Case Control Study. Am J Clin Nutr 2002;76:935–41.

Johnsen LAP, Marian LF, Zoran M, Melinda RS, Alan RD, Linda VH. Ethnic Differences in Correlates of Obesity between Latin-american and Black Women. Obes Res 2004;12:652–60.

Foster GD, Suzanne P, Thomas AW, Debra G, Jenna E, Elizabeth D. Promoting more Modest Weight Losses: a Pilot Study. Obes Res 2004;2:1271–7.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.17428

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 6719 | views : 3027

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Clinical Nutrition)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) Indexed by:
 
 Crossref   Google Scholar Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD) Indonesia OneSearch (IOS)  CORE   

  Creative Commons License

JGKI is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

free
web stats View My Stats