Ketahanan pangan rumah tangga, status gizi, dan prestasi belajar siswa sekolah dasar

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.15442

Akhmad Sujai(1*), Maria Goretti Adiyanti(2), Emy Huriyati(3)

(1) Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Lombok Barat
(2) Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Program Studi Gizi Kesehatan, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Poverty and lack of income will cause inability of the family to provide enough and nutritious food for all the family members. Fulfillment of nutritious food will bring direct impact to nutrition status of children. Malnutrition will affect brain development and intelligence that in the long run disrupts academic achievement.

Objective: To identify association between food security of the household and nutrition status with academic achievement of elementary school students at Yogyakarta Municipality.

Method: The study was observational with cross sectional design. Samples were students of grade V of elementary school at Subdistrict of Gedongtengen, Yogyakarta Municipality. Data of food security of the house were obtained through interview based on questionnaire of Radimer/Cornell, nutritional status data used height for age collected by measurement, and academic achievement through secondary data, i.e. original score of final semester examination. Statistical analysis was performed by using Chi-Square and Fisher’s Exact test.

Results: As much as 67.6% of the household were food insecure and 13.3% of students were stunted. Food security of the household was significantly associated with nutrition status (p=0.033) and achievement in mathematics (p=0.045). There was association between nutrition status and achievement in mathematics (p=0.035); Indonesia language (p=0.000); and combined achievement in Mathematics, Indonesia language and science (p=0.004).

Conclusion: There was association between food security of the household and nutritional status with academic achievement of student. There was association between food security of the household and nutrition status. 


Keywords


household; food security; nutritional status; academic achievement

Full Text:

PDF


References

Suyamto, Indrasari SD, Hanarida I. Biofortifikasi dan ketahanan pangan. Prosiding Temu Ilmiah XIII PERSAGI. Jakarta: PERSAGI; 2005.

Almatsier S. Prinsip dasar ilmu gizi. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama; 2009.

Depdiknas. Potret hasil ujian akhir sekolah berstandar nasional tahun pelajaran 2008/2009. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional; 2009.

Depdiknas. Potret hasil ujian akhir sekolah berstandar nasional tahun pelajaran 2009/2010. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional; 2010.

Milman A, Frongillo EA, de Onis M, Hwang JY. Differential improvement among countries in child stunting is associated with long-term development and specific interventions. J Nutr 2005;135(6):1415-22.

Halterman JS, Kaczorowski JM, Aligne CA, Auinger P, Szilagyi PG. Iron deficiency and cognitive achievement among school-aged children and adolescents in the United States. Pediatrics 2001;107(6):1381-6.

Jyoti DF, Frongillo EA, Jones SJ. Food insecurity affects school children's academic performance, weight gain, and social skills. J Nutr 2005;135(12):2831-9.

BPS. Profil Kota Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik; 2010.

Dinas Sosial. Laporan jumlah rumah tangga miskin Kota Yogyakarta 2009. Yogyakarta: Dinsos; 2009.

Notoatmodjo. Metode penelitian kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2002.

Sugiyono. Metode penelitian kuantitatif kualitatif dan R & D. Bandung: Alfa Beta; 2009.

Studdert LJ, Frangillo EA Jr, Valois P. Household food insecurity was prevalent in Java during Indonesia's economic crisis. J Nutr 2001;131(10):2685-91.

Depdiknas. Pedoman penilaian hasil belajar di sekolah dasar. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional; 2007.

BPS. Statistik Indonesia. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik; 2009.

Isanaka S, Mora-Plazas M, Lopez-Arana S, Baylin A, Villamor E. Food insecurity is highly prevalent and predicts underweight but not overweight in adults and school children from Bogota, Colombia. J Nutr 2007;137(12):2747-55.

Berkman DS, Lescano AG, Gilman RH, Lopez SL, Black MM. Effects of stunting, diarrhoeal disease, and parasitic infection during infancy on cognition in late childhood: a follow-up study. Lancet 2002;359(9306):564-71.

Walker SP, Chang SM, Powell CA, Grantham-McGregor SM. Effects of early childhood psychosocial stimulation and nutritional supplementation on cognition and education in growth-stunted Jamaican children: prospective cohort study. Lancet 2005;366(9499):1804-7.

Suryabrata. Psikologi pendidikan. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada; 2004.

Purwanto MN. Psikologi pendidikan. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya; 2008.

Djamarah. Psikologi belajar. Jakarta: Rhineka Cipta; 2008.

Alaimo K, Olson CM, Frongillo EA Jr, Briefel RR. Food insufficiency, family income, and health in US preschool and school-aged children. Am J Public Health 2001;91(5):781-6.

Tambunan SM. Hubungan antara kemampuan spasial dengan prestasi belajar matematika. Makara Sosial Humaniora 2006;10(1):27-32.

Gorman KS. Malnutrition and cognitive development: evidence from experimental/quasy-experimental studies among the mild-to-moderately malnourished. J Nutr 1995;125(8):2239S-44.

Susanto D. Fungsi-fungsi sosio budaya makanan. Majalah Pangan 1991;9:51-6.

Kar BR, Rao SL, Chandramouli BA. Cognitive development in children with chronic protein energy malnutrition. Behav Brain Funct [series online] 2008 [cited 20 Juni 2011];4:31. Available from: URL: http://behavioralandbrainfunctions.com/content/4/I/31

Alaimo K, Olson CM, Frongillo EA Jr. Food insufficiency and American school-aged children's cognitive, academic, and psychosocial development. Pediatrics 2001;108(1):44-53.

Chiu MM. Families, economies, cultures, and science achievement in 41 countries: country-, school-, and student-level analyses. J Fam Psychol 2007;21(3):510-9.

Georgieff MK. Nutrition and the developing brain: nutrient priorities and measurement. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;85(2):614S-20.

Ariani M. Penguatan ketahanan pangan daerah untuk mendukung ketahanan pangan nasional. [series online] 2010 [cited 20 Juni 2011]. Available from: URL: http://pse.litbang.deptan.go.id/ind/pdffiles/Mono26-3.pdf



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.15442

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1110 | views : 813

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Clinical Nutrition)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) Indexed by:
 
 Crossref   Google Scholar Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD) Indonesia OneSearch (IOS)  CORE   

  Creative Commons License

JGKI is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

free
web stats View My Stats