Disaster Risk Analysis to Support the Development of Regional Spatial Plan of Tasikmalaya Regency, Indonesia


Wiwin Winarti(1*)

(1) Agency for Regional Disaster Management, Tasikmalaya
(*) Corresponding Author


Tasikmalaya Regency is one of the regencies on the West Java Province that is vulnerable to disaster and currently in the second position at national level. Based on data from BPBD (Regional Disaster Management Agency) of Tasikmalaya Regency, from January to June 2016, total disaster was 243 events and 64% landslide disaster, with total loss of IDR 19.5 billion. Therefore, multi-disaster risk mapping is necessary, as a form of mitigation effort. This multi-disaster mapping was arranged with steps as follows: analysis and mapping of vulnerability or susceptibility, capacity and risk of each disaster, based with Geographic Information System (GIS) with Arc Map 10.3 software, then being combined (overlay). The susceptibility and capacity levels used the parameters as according to Regulation of Chief of BNPB (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana – Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management) No. 02 Year 2012, which are: social susceptibility, economy susceptibility, physical susceptibility and environmental susceptibility. Study of landslide, flood, and earthquake disasters risks were classified according to BNPB Chief Regulation No. 02 Year 2012 into 3 (three) multi-disaster risk classes with Natural Breaks (Jenks) method, which resulted into: low risk class (57.01%), medium risk class (35.08%), and high risk class (7.92%). Based on the study, it is known that the region with classification of high risk to disaster needed to be rearranged in the spatial pattern planning, as a revision material for the Land Use Plan (Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah – RTRW) of Tasikmalaya Regency in 2011-2031.


vulnerability map; susceptibility map; capacity map; risk map; spatial plan; overlay; geographic information system; ArcMap 10.3

Full Text:



Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB), 2012. Peraturan Kepala BNPB No 2 Tahun 2012 tentang Pedoman Umum Pengkajian Risiko Bencana, Jakarta.. Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB).

Central Government of Republic Indonesia, 2008. Government Regulation Number 26 Year 2008 on National Land Use Plan. Central Government of Republic Indonesia.

Dalezios, N. F., 2002. Environmental Remote Sensing. Volos: University Teaching, University of Thessaly.

e-EcoRisk, 2004. District business website support system and decision-making to address the environmental risk and disaster management of large-scale industrial waste, Austin: Watershed and Stream Network Delineation, Center for Research in Water Resources, University of Texas.

FEMA P-154, 2015. Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazard: A Handbook Third Edition. Washington, DC: FEMA.

Kafira, V., Albanakis, K. & Oikonomidis, D., 2015. Flood Susceptibility Assessment using G.I.S. An example from Kassandra Peninsula, Halkidiki, Greece. Thessaloniki, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Physical and Environmental Geography.

Ministry of Public Works and Housing, 2007. Law of Minister No.24 Year 2007 on Guide of Regional Planning for Landslide Prone Area. Ministry of Public Works and Housing.

Ramadhanti, P., 2011. Kerentanan Wilayah Terhadap Gempa Bumi di Tasikmalaya [Earthquake Prone Area in Tasikmalaya]. Depok: University of Indonesia.

Soulios, G. C., 1996. General Hydrogeology (In Greek). Thessaloniki: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University Studio Press.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jcef.33663

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1741 | views : 2143


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 The Author(s)

The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
ISSN 5249-5925 (online) | ISSN 2581-1037 (print)
Jl. Grafika No.2 Kampus UGM, Yogyakarta 55281
Email : jcef.ft@ugm.ac.id
Web Analytics JCEF Stats