Dependable Flow and Flood Control Performance of Logung Dam, Central Java Province, Indonesia

Faza Ramadhani(1*)

(1) PT. Wijaya Jakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


The change of land use in Mt. Muria area Central Java has been resulting in the significant sheet erosion of upstream watershed around Mt. Muria, followed by considerably high sedimentation on rivers downstream that lead to the reduction of cross sections of the rivers including Logung River. Such situation has been contributing the condition that downstream of Logung River is very potential to experience over flow and inundation to its surrounding area. An idea of constructing the Logung Dam was introduced in 1986 that aimed at reducing the aforementioned inundation. Besides, the development of Logung Dam was also aimed at fulfilling both irrigation and non-irrigation water demand. This paper presents the results of the analysis of the water availability and flood control performance of the Logung Dam. The dependable flow was analyzed by applying the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) method in order to determine the low flow characteristics, whereas the identification of the high flow characteristics was carried out by using the Synthetic Unit Hydrograph (SUH) methods, i.e., the GAMA I and Nakayasu modeling approach. At a certain reservoir characteristic and a defined geometry of spillway, several reservoir routing simulations were carried out on both dependable flows and high flows. Results of the reservoir routing showed the promising water availability of the Logung Dam to fulfill water demand for both irrigation and non-irrigation, whereas the reservoir routing could reduce the probable maximum flood from QPMF from 1,031 m3/s to approximately 950 m3/s or damping efficiency at 7.86%. Further analysis suggests necessary operation and maintenance of Logung Dam to sustain its function and to mitigate possible problems related to reservoir sedimentation.


Spillway routing, design flood, dependable flow

Full Text:



Allen, R., Pereira, L. & Raes, D. S., 1998. Guidelines for Computing Crop Water Requirement: Crop Evapotranspiration. Rome: FAO.

Badan Standardisasi Nasional, 1994. SNI 03-3432-1994 Tata Cara Penetapan Banjir Desain dan Kapasitas Pelimpah untuk Bendungan [Guideline for Estimating Flood Design and Capacity of Dam Spillway]. Badan Standardisasi Nasional.

Badan Standardisasi Nasional, 2014. RSNI T-02-2004 Tata Cara Penghitungan Hujan Maksimum Boleh Jadi dengan Metode Hersfield [Guideline on Estimating Probability Maximum Rainfall based on Herfield Method]. Badan Standardisasi Nasional.

Chow, v. T., Maidment, D. & Mays, L., 1988. Applied Hydrology. New York: Mc. Graw-Hill Book Company.

Doorenbos, J. & Puitt, W. O., 1977. Guidelines for Predicting Crop Water Requitment: Crop Water Requirements. Rome: FAO.

Griffiths, J., 2014. Handbook of Engineering Hydrology. New York: CRC Press.

Hardianto, Y., 2015. Cengklik Reservoir Performance and Its Role for Drought Mitigation. Journal of Civil Engineering Forum, 3(1), pp. 69-76.

Horton, R. E., 1938. The Interpretation and Application of Runoff Plot Experiments. pp. 340-349.

Kodoatie, R. J. & Sjarief, R., 2006. Pengelolaan Bencana Terpadu [Integrated Disaster Management]. Jakarta: Yayasan Watampone.

Nanti, W., 2007. Analisis Ketersediaan Air Menggunakan Neraca Air Model RAINRUN dan NRECA [Analysis of Water Availability using Water Balance Model RAINRUN and NRECA]. Yogyakarta: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada.

PT. Ika Adya Perkasa, 2014. Laporan Analisa Hidrologi Sertifikasi Desain Bendungan Logung di Kabupaten Kudus [Analysis of Hydrology for Certification Design of Logung Dam, Kudus Regency]. PT. Ika Adya Perkasa.

Ramadhani, F., 2017. Analisis Penelusuran Aliran Waduk Logung Kabupaten Kudus Provinsi Jawa Tengah [Analysis of Reservoir Routing at Logung Dam, Kudus Regency, Central Java Province], Yogyakarta: Undergraduate Thesis. Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Sri Harto, B., 2009. Hidrologi: Teori, Masalah dan Penyelesaian [Hydrology: Theory, Problems, and Solving]. Yogyakarta: Nafiri.

Sudjarwadi, 2008. Pengembangan Sumber Daya Air [Development of Water Resources]. Yogyakarta: Biro Penerbit Teknik Sipil UGM.

Sugawara, M., 1995. Tank Model. In: Computer Models of Watershed Hydrology. Boulder: Water Resources Publication, pp. 165-214.

Thornhwaite, C. & Mather, J., 1955. Water Balance. Publication in Climatology, 8(1), p. 104.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1978 | views : 3999


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 The Author(s)

The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
ISSN 5249-5925 (online) | ISSN 2581-1037 (print)
Jl. Grafika No.2 Kampus UGM, Yogyakarta 55281
Email :
Web Analytics JCEF Stats