Hydraulic and Hydrologic Modeling of Steep Channel of Putih River, Magelang District, Central Java Province, Indonesia


Adi Putri Anisa Widowati(1*)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Hydrologic and hydraulic modeling are important to be conducted to examine the watershed response based on a rainfall input, especially over disaster-prone watershed such as Putih River watershed in Magelang, Central Java Province. A GIS-based grid-based distributed rainfall-runoff model was used to simulate the rainfall-runoff transformation. A two-dimensional hydrodynamic flow modeling was then carried out to simulate the flood processes on the stream and floodplain area. A sensitivity analysis was conducted on infiltration rate, Manning’s n value, and rainfall intensity. Infiltration rate, Manning’s n value, and rainfall intensity give considerable effects to the resulted flow hydrographs. The modeling results show that the results of hydrologic-hydraulic modeling is in good agreement with the observed results.


hydrologic-hydraulic model, rainfall-runoff model, two-dimensional hydrodynamic model.

Full Text:



Chow, V. T., Maidment, D. R. & Mays, L. W., 1988. Applied Hydrology. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc..

Delson, 2012. Kajian Lahar Hujan Kali Putih Setelah Letusan Gunungapi Merapi 2010 [Study on Lahar at Putih River after Merapi Eruption 2010], Yogyakarta: Faculty of Engineering, Universitaws Gadjah Mada.

Engman, E. T., 1986. Roughness coefficients for routing surface runoff. Journal of Irrigation Drainage Engineering, 112(1), pp. 39-53.

Hardjosuwarno, S. et al., 2012. Panduan Pengoperasian Program Simulasi 2D Banjir Debris SIMLAR Veris 1.0.2011 [Guideline fo 2Dr Debris Flow Simulation SIMLAR Version 1.0.211], Yogyakarta: Sabo Office.

Hardjosuwarno, S. et al., 2012. Panduan Pengoperasian Program Simulasi 2D Banjir Debris Veris 1.0.2011. Yogyakarta: Balai Sabo Yogyakarta.

Koren, V. et al., 2005. Evaluation of a grid-based distributed model over a large area. BrazIAHS Scientific Assembly.

Liu, J., Feng, J. & Otache, M. Y., 2009. A grid-based kinematic distributed hydrological model for digital river basin. In Advances in Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering. Heidelberg ed. Berlin: Springer.

Miyata, S., 2014. Manuals of Simulation Program for GIS Based Rainfall-Runoff Model, Kyoto: Kyoto University.

Miyata, S., 2014. Manuals of Simulation Program for GIS Based Rainfall-Runoff Model, Kyoto: DPRI Kyoto University.

Mori, K., Ishii, H., Somatani, A. & Hatakeyama, A., 2003. Hidrologi untuk Pengairan [Manual on Hydrology]. 9th ed. Jakarta: Paradnya Paramita.

Musthofa, A., 2014. Simulasi Banjir Bandang untuk Peringatan Dini dan Bahaya, Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University.

Rosgen, D. L., 1994. A classification of natural rivers. Catena, 22(2), pp. 169 - 199.

Shusuke, M., Masaharu, F., Takuji, T. & Tsujimoto, H., 2014. Flash Flood due to Local and Intensive Rainfall in an Alpine Catchment. Nara, International Sabo Association.

SID Jumoyo, 2015. Sistem Informasi Desa (SID) Jumoyo, Kecamatan Salam, Kabupaten Magelang. [Online]
Available at: http://jumoyo-magelang.sid.web.id
[Accessed June 2017].

Widowati, A. A. P., 2015. Pengaruh Modifikasi Resolusi Spasial DEM Terhadap Sebaran Sedimen Hasil Simulasi Aliran Lahar Menggunakan SIMLAR v1.0 pada Sungai Kali Putih [Effect of DEM Resolution Modification on Deposited Sediment using SIMLAR v1.0 in Putih River], Yogyakarta: Undergraduate Thesis, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jcef.26507

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1097 | views : 1297


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum

The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
ISSN 5249-5925 (online) | ISSN 2581-1037 (print)
Jl. Grafika No.2 Kampus UGM, Yogyakarta 55281
Email : jcef.ft@ugm.ac.id
Web Analytics JCEF Stats