DC Motor Speed Control Using Hybrid PID-Fuzzy with ITAE Polynomial Initiation


Hari Wibawa(1), Oyas Wahyunggoro(2*), Adha Imam Cahyadi(3)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


DC motors are widely applied in industrial sector, especiallyprocesses of automation and robotics. Given its role in the sector, DC motor operation needs to be optimized. One of optimization steps is controlling speed using several control methods, for example conventional PID methods, PID Ziegler Nichols, PID based on ITAE polynomials, and Hybrid PID-Fuzzy. From these methods, Hybrid PID-Fuzzy was chosen as a method to be proposed in this paper because it can anticipate shortcomings of PID controllers and fuzzy controllers so as to produce system responses that are fast and adaptive to errors. This paper aimed to design a Hybrid PID-Fuzzy system based on ITAE polynomials (Hybrid-ITAE), to analyze its performance parameters values, and tp compare Hybrid-ITAE performance with conventional PID method. Working parameters being reviewed include overshoot, rise time, settling time, and ITAE. First of all, JGA25-370 DC motor was modeled in a form of a third order transfer function equation. Based on the transfer function, PID parameters were calculated using PID Output Feedback and ITAE polynomial methods. The best ITAE polynomial PID controllers were then be combined with a Fuzzy Logic Controller to form a Hybrid-ITAE system. Simulation and experimental stages were carried out in two conditions, namely no load and loaded. Simulation and experimental results showed that Hybrid-ITAE (l = 0.85) was the best controller for no-load simulation conditions. For loaded simulation Hybrid-ITAE (l=1) was a better controller. In no-loads experiment, the best controller was Hybrid PID-Ziegler Nichols, while for loaded condition the best controller was Hybrid PID-Ziegler Nichols.


PID, Hybrid PID-Fuzzy, ITAE Polynomials, DC motors.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijitee.46590

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