Smart City Approaches to Public Spaces and Services during and after COVID-19: Case Studies in Four Capital Cities

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.84578

Rini Rachmawati(1*), Estuning Tyas Wulan Mei(2), Eko Haryono(3), Hilary Reinhart(4), Rizki Adriadi Ghiffari(5), Amandita Ainur Rohmah(6), Thas Saralah(7), Hanindha Pradipa(8), Idea Wening Nurani(9), Angelo Andi Petre(10)

(1) Smart City, Village, and Region Research Group, Department of Development Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(2) Smart City, Village, and Region Research Group, Department of Development Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Department of Environmental Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
(4) Spatial Planning Laboratory, Department of Development Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
(5) Spatial Planning Laboratory, Department of Development Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
(6) Graduate Program on Regional Development, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(7) Master of Public Policy, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia.
(8) Master of Environment, Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia.
(9) Laboratoire de Géographie Physique : Environnements Quaternaires et Actuels UMR 8591, Ecole Doctorale de Géographie de Paris, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris, France.
(10) Master of Geodemography and socio-territorial vulnerabilities, Faculty of Geography, University of Bucharest, 010041 Bucharest, Romania
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


COVID-19 pandemic was reported to modify people’s behaviour in using public spaces and accessing services. This fact has become a critical input related to future city development strategies, space arrangements, and the implementation of smart city. Therefore, this study aims to 1) Identify efforts in several cities during COVID-19 pandemic, specifically concerning the use of public spaces and services, and 2) Compile the outlines of future urban planning strategies after the pandemic. The aspects related to the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), space arrangement, and urban environment are discussed. The analysis is based on case studies in four capital cities, namely Jakarta, Paris, Bucharest, and Canberra. Furthermore, field observations and in-depth interviews are used to emphasize changes in the function and use of public spaces and services during and after the pandemic. The result shows that differences and common elements configure the transformations of urban spaces since changes in the use of public spaces are closely connected to efforts to combat the pandemic. Meanwhile, in public services, changes are associated with the increasing use of ICT and Internet of Things (IoT). In the future, cities need to show their visions according to the local conditions supporting better spatial arrangement and management of urban environment due to ICT and IoT prominence.


Keywords


smart city; public spaces; public services; COVID-19 pandemic; post COVID-19 pandemic; urban future

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