The COVID-19: Socioeconomic Crisis and Its Management on a Bangladeshi Coastal Island

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.76730

Md. Abubakkor Siddik(1), Md. Ashiqur Rahman(2*)

(1) Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University (PSTU), Bangladesh
(2) Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University (PSTU), Bangladesh.
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aimed to investigate the socio-economic crisis aroused due to the COVID-19 pandemic and associated prevention measures on the coastal riverine island Nalua in Bangladesh. The cross-sectional household questionnaire survey was done among the randomly selected households in the study area. This study revealed that more than 70 percent of the surveyed households had at least one member with COVID-19 symptoms. The local administration and community-based organizations have taken initiatives to enforce the government’s order on the island, but about three-fourths of households did not test their family members having COVID-19 symptoms because of fear of isolation and societal barriers. However, whether tested or not, approximately 15 percent of households took steps to isolate the infected person from the rest of the family. The demand for hand washing agents, face masks, and gloves increased in the study area. Island dwellers' food supplies were hampered and about 74 percent were supposed to buy food items at an increased price. For recovering from the educational crisis, the students watched live television classes, participated in online class lectures, and submitted their desired assignments to their institutions. According to survey results, about 39 percent of economically active family members lost their income-generating occupations. To manage their livelihoods, island dwellers have switched their income sources and, in most cases, taken consumer loans. This study suggests that governments, non-government organizations, and community-based organizations need to take effective steps to reduce socioeconomic crises during pandemics.

Keywords


COVID-19; Coastal Island; Crisis Management; Livelihood; Emergency Management

Full Text:

PDF


References

Barkat, A., Ara, R., Taheruddin, M., Hoque, S. and Islam, N. (2007). Towards a Feasible Land Use Policy of Bangladesh. https://www.hdrc-bd.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/05.-Towards-a-Feasible-Land-Use-Policy-of-Bangladesh.pdf

Bauchner, H., Fontanarosa, P. B. and Livingston, E. H. (2020). Conserving supply of personal protective equipment - A call for ideas. Journal of the American Medical Association, 323(19). https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.4770

BBS. (2012). Community report Barisal Zila - Population and housing census 2011. 203.112.218.65:8008/WebTestApplication/userfiles/Image/PopCen2011/COMMUNITY_Barisal.pdf

Begum, M., Farid, Md. S., Alam, M. J. and Barua, S. (2020). COVID-19 and Bangladesh: Socio-Economic Analysis towards the Future Correspondence. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 143–155. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i930417

Bidisha, S. H., Mahmood, T. and Hossain, M. B. (2021). Assessing Food Poverty, Vulnerability and Food Consumption Inequality in the Context of COVID-19: A Case of Bangladesh. Social Indicators Research, 155(1), 187–210. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-020-02596-1

Billah, Md. A. (2021). The socio-economic consequences of the covid-19 lockdown on the economy of Bangladesh: An analysis. Journal of Contemporary Business and Islamic Finance (JCBIF), 1(1), 50–58.

Biswas, K., Asaduzzaman, T. M., Evans, D. K., Fehrler, S., Ramachandran, D. and Sabarwal, S. (2020). TV-Based Learning in Bangladesh: Is it Reaching Students? https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/34138/TV-Based-Learning-in-Bangladesh-Is-it-Reaching-Students.pdf?sequence=4&isAllowed=y

Bodrud-Doza, Md., Shammi, M., Bahlman, L., Islam, A. R. Md. T. and Rahman, Md. M. (2020). Psychosocial and Socio-Economic Crisis in Bangladesh Due to COVID-19 Pandemic: A Perception-Based Assessment. Frontiers in Public Health, 8, 341. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00341

BRAC. (2020, April 12). 14 percent low-income families do not have food at home. https://www.brac.net/latest-news/item/1275-14-per-cent-low-income-people-do-not-have-food-at-home

Bukuluki, P., Mwenyango, H., Katongole, S. P., Sidhva, D. and Palattiyil, G. (2020). The socio-economic and psychosocial impact of Covid-19 pandemic on urban refugees in Uganda. Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 2(1), 100045. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssaho.2020.100045

Crisis24. (2020). Bangladesh: First cases of COVID-19 confirmed March 8. https://crisis24.garda.com/alerts/2020/03/bangladesh-first-cases-of-covid-19-confirmed-march-8

Firoj, M., Khanom, S., Rashid, M. M., Sultana, A., Kallol, H., Islam, M. N. and Sultana, N. (2021). Covid-19 Impact on the Workers of the Informal Sector: A Longitudinal Study of Bangladesh. Asian Development Policy Review, 9(4), 194–208. https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.107.2021.94.194.208

Gautam, S., Setu, S., Khan, M. G. Q. and Khan, Md. B. (2022). Analysis of the health, economic and environmental impacts of COVID-19: The Bangladesh perspective. Geosystems and Geoenvironment, 1(1), 100011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geogeo.2021.100011

Genilo, J. W. R. (2021). UGC’s responses to the pandemic: roles of Institutional Quality Assurance Cells in Bangladesh. Higher Education Evaluation and Development, ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print). https://doi.org/10.1108/heed-05-2021-0038

Haque, M. N., Ansar, S. bin, Biswas, G., Islam, M. R. and Mamun, A. al. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 on Socio Economic Condition of City People: Lessons From the Selected KCC Area. Journal of Engineering Science, 11(2), 117–126. https://doi.org/10.3329/jes.v11i2.50903

Hassan, M. K., Rabbani, M. R. and Abdulla, Y. (2021). Socioeconomic Impact of COVID-19 in MENA region and the Role of Islamic Finance. International Journal of Islamic Economics and Finance (IJIEF), 4(1), 51–78. https://doi.org/10.18196/ijief.v4i1.10466

Hosen, M., Uddin, M. N., Hossain, S., Islam, M. A. and Ahmad, A. (2022). The impact of COVID-19 on tertiary educational institutions and students in Bangladesh. Heliyon, 8(1), e08806. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e08806

Hossain, M. I. (2021). COVID-19 Impacts on Employment and Livelihood of Marginal People in Bangladesh: Lessons Learned and Way Forward. South Asian Survey, 28(1), 57–71. https://doi.org/10.1177/0971523121995072

Hossain, M. R., Chakma, S., Tasnim, F. and Zahra, Z. (2021). Socio-economic predictors of public understanding of the COVID-19 pandemic. Heliyon, 7(6), e07255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07255

Iese, V., Wairiu, M., Hickey, G. M., Ugalde, D., Hinge Salili, D., Walenenea, J., Tabe, T., Keremama, M., Teva, C., Navunicagi, O., Fesaitu, J., Tigona, R., Krishna, D., Sachan, H., Unwin, N., Guell, C., Haynes, E., Veisa, F., Vaike, L., … Ward, A. C. (2021). Impacts of COVID-19 on agriculture and food systems in Pacific Island countries (PICs): Evidence from communities in Fiji and Solomon Islands. Agricultural Systems, 190, 103099. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2021.103099

Islam, M. N. (2006). Bank erosion hazards of the Padma river at Zanjira-socioeconomic impacts. Indian Journal of Power and River Valley Development, 56(3 & 4), 123–130. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326506951

Islam, M. T., Talukder, A. K., Siddiqui, M. N. and Islam, T. (2020). Tackling the COVID-19 pandemic: The Bangladesh perspective. Journal of Public Health Research, 9(4), 389–397. https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2020.1794

Islam, R. and Jahangir, A. R. (2020, April 2). Corona fallout spells disaster for millions of poor Bangladeshis: Economists. UNB News. https://unb.com.bd/category/special/corona-fallout-spells-disaster-for-millions-of-poor-bangladeshis-economists/48533

Kithiia, J., Wanyonyi, I., Maina, J., Jefwa, T. and Gamoyo, M. (2020). The socio-economic impacts of Covid-19 restrictions: Data from the coastal city of Mombasa, Kenya. Data in Brief, 33, 106317. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.106317

Kumar, B. and Pinky, S. D. (2021). Addressing economic and health challenges of COVID-19 in Bangladesh: Preparation and response. Journal of Public Affairs, 21(4), e2556. https://doi.org/10.1002/pa.2556

Mulugeta, T., Tadesse, E., Shegute, T. and Desta, T. T. (2021). COVID-19: socio-economic impacts and challenges in the working group. Heliyon, 7(6), e07307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07307

Paul, R. (2020, March 8). Bangladesh confirms its first three cases of coronavirus. Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-bangladesh-idUSKBN20V0FS

Rahman, M.A. and Siddik, M. (2018). Livelihood Analysis of the Char Dwellers Using Capital Asset Framework. Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources, 11(1–2), 27–36. https://doi.org/10.3329/JESNR.V11I1-2.43362

Rahman, M. T., Akter, S., Rana, M. R., Sabuz, A. A. and Jubayer, M. F. (2022). How COVID-19 pandemic is affecting achieved food security in Bangladesh: A perspective with required policy interventions. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research, 7, 100258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafr.2021.100258

Rezaul Karim, K. M. and Tasnim, T. (2022). Impact of lockdown due to COVID-19 on nutrition and food security of the selected low-income households in Bangladesh. Heliyon, 8(5), e09368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e09368

Riaz, A. (2020, March 8). Bangladesh’s COVID-19 stimulus: Leaving the most vulnerable behind. Atlantic Council. https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/new-atlanticist/bangladeshs-covid-19-stimulus-leaving-the-most-vulnerable-behind/

Siddik, Md. A., Zaman, A. K. M. M., Islam, Md. R., Hridoy, S. K. and Akhtar, Mt. P. (2017). Socio-Economic Impacts of River Bank Erosion: A Case Study on Coastal Island of Bangladesh. The Journal of NOAMI, 34(2), 73–84.

The World Bank. (2021, April 18). Keeping Bangladesh’s Students Learning During the COVID-19 Pandemic. https://www.worldbank.org/en/results/2021/04/18/keeping-bangladesh-s-students-learning-during-the-covid-19-pandemic

UNICEF and UNESCO. (2021). Situation Analysis on the Effects of and Responses to COVID-19 on the Education Sector in Asia Regional Synthesis Report. https://www.unicef.org/rosa/media/16436/file/Regional%20Situation%20Analysis%20Report.pdf

WHO. (2020a). Novel Coronavirus (‎2019-nCoV)‎: situation report, 1. In WHO. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/330760

WHO. (2020b). WHO Director-General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 - 11 March 2020. https://www.who.int/director-general/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020

Worldometer. (2022). COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/

Zabir, A. al, Mahmud, A., Islam, M. A., Antor, S. C., Yasmin, F. and Dasgupta, A. (2021). COVID-19 and Food Supply in Bangladesh: A Review. South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, 10(1), 15–23. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3595967



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.76730

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 447 | views : 262

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2023 Md. Ashiqur Rahman, Md. Abubakkor Siddik

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 225/E/KPT/2022, Vol 54 No 1 the Year 2022 - Vol 58 No 2 the Year 2026 (accreditation certificate download)

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)

Web
Analytics IJG STATISTIC