Characterizing Warm Temperature during April 2019 Monsoon Transition in the Central part of Java

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.75194

Andung Bayu Sekaranom(1*)

(1) Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Warmer temperature than normal has been observed in the central part of Java Island-Indonesia during the monsoon transition in 2019. To explain the environmental process related to temperature variability, this research aims to characterize the process related to temperature anomaly and explain the contributing factors in terms of radiation balance and latent heat flux. This research uses the data from two meteorological stations from the Indonesian Bureau of Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics (BMKG) and the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP/NCAR) Reanalysis Project to explain the temperature anomaly. Several parameters, such as near-surface air temperature and humidity, cloudiness, solar and longwave radiation, as well as latent heat flux are obtained from the reanalysis data. This study focuses on descriptive time-series data analysis to explain the factors that contribute to the April 2019 temperatures. The results of this study show the effect of the Madden–Jullian Oscillation (MJO) on weather anomalies. The increase in humidity when the study area is traversed by the MJO causes an increase in humidity followed by intensive cloud formation and the release of latent heat in the cloud. The release of latent heat contributes significantly to the increase in temperature compared to the effect of the shortwave and longwave radiation balance. Thus, atmospheric phenomena in the tropics need to be studied further concerning warmer temperatures because they can be significantly affected by climate change.

Keywords


temperature variability; monsoon transition; Madden–Jullian Oscillation

Full Text:

PDF


References

Allen, M., Antwi-Agyei, P., Aragon-Durand, F., Babiker, M., Bertoldi, P., Bind, M., et al. (2019). Global warming of 1.5° C. An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5° C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty. Sustainable Development, and Efforts to Eradicate Poverty, V. Masson-Delmotte et al., Eds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Beck, H. E., Zimmermann, N. E., McVicar, T. R., Vergopolan, N., Berg, A., & Wood, E. F. (2018). Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution. Scientific Data, 5(1), 1–12.

Chang, C.-P., Wang, Z., McBride, J., & Liu, C.-H. (2005). Annual cycle of Southeast Asia—Maritime Continent rainfall and the asymmetric monsoon transition. Journal of Climate, 18(2), 287–301.

Das, J., & Umamahesh, N. V. (2022). Heatwave magnitude over India under changing climate: Projections from CMIP5 and CMIP6 experiments. International Journal of Climatology, 42(1), 331–351.

García-Herrera, R., Díaz, J., Trigo, R. M., Luterbacher, J., & Fischer, E. M. (2010). A review of the European summer heat wave of 2003. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 40(4), 267–306.

Grimm, A. M., & Tedeschi, R. G. (2009). ENSO and extreme rainfall events in South America. Journal of Climate, 22(7), 1589–1609. https://doi.org/10.1175/2008JCLI2429.1

Hsu, P.-C., Qian, Y., Liu, Y., Murakami, H., & Gao, Y. (2020). Role of abnormally enhanced MJO over the Western Pacific in the formation and subseasonal predictability of the record-breaking Northeast Asian heatwave in the summer of 2018. Journal of Climate, 33(8), 3333–3349.

IPCC. (2014). IPCC Fifth Assessment Report—Synthesis Report. IPPC Rome, Italy.

IPCC. (2018). Special report on global warming of 1.5 degrees C. IPCC Geneva, Switzerland.

Kalkstein, L. S., & Smoyer, K. E. (1993). The impact of climate change on human health: Some international implications. Experientia, 49(11), 969–979. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02125644

Kalnay, E., Kanamitsu, M., Kistler, R., Collins, W., Deaven, D., Gandin, L., et al. (1996). The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77(3), 437–472.

Kim, S., Kug, J.-S., & Seo, K.-H. (2020). Impacts of MJO on the intraseasonal temperature variation in East Asia. Journal of Climate, 33(20), 8903–8916.

Kirshen, P., Watson, C., Douglas, E., Gontz, A., Lee, J., & Tian, Y. (2008). Coastal flooding in the Northeastern United States due to climate change. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 13(5), 437–451.

Leichenko, R. (2011). Climate change and urban resilience. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2010.12.014

Li, Y., Ren, G., You, Q., Wang, Q., Niu, Q., & Mu, L. (2022). The 2016 record-breaking marine heatwave in the Yellow Sea and associated atmospheric circulation anomalies. Atmospheric Research, 268, 106011.

Loo, Y. Y., Billa, L., & Singh, A. (2015). Effect of climate change on seasonal monsoon in Asia and its impact on monsoon rainfall variability in Southeast Asia. Geoscience Frontiers, 6(6), 817–823. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2014.02.009

Mach, K. J., Mastrandrea, M. D., Bilir, T. E., & Field, C. B. (2016). Understanding and responding to danger from climate change: the role of key risks in the IPCC AR5. Climatic Change, 136(3), 427–444.

Marfai, M. A., Sekaranom, A. B., & Ward, P. (2015). Community responses and adaptation strategies toward flood hazard in Jakarta, Indonesia. Natural Hazards, 75(2), 1127–1144. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-014-1365-3

Mayer, H., & Höppe, P. (1987). Thermal comfort of man in different urban environments. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 38(1), 43–49.

Nikolopoulou, M., & Lykoudis, S. (2006). Thermal comfort in outdoor urban spaces: analysis across different European countries. Building and Environment, 41(11), 1455–1470.

Ossola, A., Jenerette, G. D., McGrath, A., Chow, W., Hughes, L., & Leishman, M. R. (2021). Small vegetated patches greatly reduce the urban surface temperature during a summer heatwave in Adelaide, Australia. Landscape and Urban Planning, 209, 104046.

Partoyo, & Shrestha, R. P. (2013). Monitoring farmland loss and projecting the future land use of an urbanized watershed in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Journal of Land Use Science, 8(1), 59–84.

Prodhomme, C., Materia, S., Ardilouze, C., White, R. H., Batté, L., Guemas, V., et al. (2021). Seasonal prediction of European summer heatwaves. Climate Dynamics, 1–18.

Ramage, C. S. (1968). Role of a tropical “maritime continent” in the atmospheric circulation. Monthly Weather Review, 96(6), 365–370.

Rhodes, C. J. (2016). The 2015 Paris climate change conference: COP21. Science Progress. Science Reviews 2000 Ltd. https://doi.org/10.3184/003685016X14528569315192

Robinson, A., Lehmann, J., Barriopedro, D., Rahmstorf, S., & Coumou, D. (2021). Increasing heat and rainfall extremes are now far outside the historical climate. Npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 4(1), 1–4.

Sekaranom, A. B., & Masunaga, H. (2019). Origins of heavy precipitation biases in the TRMM PR and TMI products assessed with cloudsat and reanalysis data. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 58(1), 37–54. https://doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-18-0011.1

Sekaranom, A. B., & Nurjani, E. (2019). The development of the Articulated Weather Generator model and its application in simulating future climate variability. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 256). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/256/1/012044

Song, L., & Wu, R. (2019). Impacts of MJO convection over the Maritime Continent on eastern China cold temperatures. Journal of Climate, 32(12), 3429–3449.

Tollefson, J. (2018). IPCC says limiting global warming to 1.5 [degrees] C will require drastic action. Nature, 562(7726), 172–174.

Turk, F. J., & Xian, P. (2013). An assessment of satellite-based high-resolution precipitation datasets for atmospheric composition studies in the maritime continent. Atmospheric Research, 122, 579–598. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.02.017

You, J., & Wang, S. (2021). Higher Probability of Occurrence of Hotter and Shorter Heat Waves Followed by Heavy Rainfall. Geophysical Research Letters, 48(17), e2021GL094831.

Zhou, S., L’Heureux, M., Weaver, S., & Kumar, A. (2012). A composite study of the MJO influence on the surface air temperature and precipitation over the continental United States. Climate Dynamics, 38(7), 1459–1471.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.75194

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 281 | views : 242

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2023 Andung Bayu Sekaranom

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 225/E/KPT/2022, Vol 54 No 1 the Year 2022 - Vol 58 No 2 the Year 2026 (accreditation certificate download)

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)

Web
Analytics IJG STATISTIC