Evaluation of Development Policy through Water Environmental Carrying Capacity Analysis in North Kendeng Mountain, Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.71917

Sudharto Prawata Hadi(1*), Hartuti Purnaweni(2), Bulan Prabawani(3), Rizkiana Sidqiyatul Hamdani(4)

(1) Graduate Program of Environmental Science, School of Postgraduate, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
(2) Graduate Program of Environmental Science, School of Postgraduate, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
(3) Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
(4) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


North Kendeng Mountain has abundant limestone that can potentially be utilized for cement material, cosmetics, paint, and other commercial products. This area also provides water resource storage widely utilized for household use and crop irrigation for local people. This condition has sparked conflict between the government and investors on one side with local people and academicians on the other side. The government and investors, prefer this area for commercial uses while the cons prefer for conservation area. The Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) for the North Kendeng ecosystem found that spatial planning and mid-term development planning by the provincial government and related regency governments are oriented toward natural resources utilization and prioritize the area for mining. This paper analyses water environmental carrying capacity implications if the government’s policy and planning are implemented. The type of research is descriptive analysis. The data collection techniques include informal interviews, observation, and literature review. The qualitative data on the development policies are analyzed with content analysis technique including descriptive, interpretative, and explanative. The comparison analysis also conducted to understand the interaction between proposed development activities and the existing environmental condition based on water environmental carrying capacity (WECC) result, and to analyze policy orientation on North Kendeng Mountain Area. After comparing the water demand and availabilityboth with and without government’s policy, this study found that condition of water environmental carrying capacity comparing the demand and availability both with and without policy and planning are deficit for all regencies, except Lamongan regency. This development policy potentially worsens water deficit for all regencies. Therefore, it is suggested that revising the policy and updating the planning are required to achieve sustainable utilization of the North Kendeng Mountain Area. 


Keywords


mid-term development planning; revision of policy and planning; spatial planning; water environmental carrying capacity

Full Text:

PDF


References

Amiri, H., Samadian, F., Yahoo, M., & Jamali, S. J. (2019). Natural resource abundance, institutional quality and manufacturing development: Evidence from resource-rich countries. In Resources Policy (Vol. 62, pp. 550–560). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resourpol.2018.11.002

Balai Besar Wilayah Sungai Pemali-Juana. (2010). Pola Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Air Wilayah Sungai Jratunseluna. Direktorat Sumber Daya Air, Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum Republik Indonesia. https://sda.pu.go.id/assets/files/2010_Pola%20PSDA%20Jratunseluna.pdf

Bednarska-Olejniczak, D., Olejniczak, J., & Svobodová, L. (2019). Towards a Smart and Sustainable City with the Involvement of Public Participation—The Case of Wroclaw. Sustainability, 11(2), 332. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020332

Bhattachan, A., Jurjonas, M. D., Moody, A. C., Morris, P. R., Sanchez, G. M., Smart, L. S., Taillie, P. J., Emanuel, R. E., Seekamp, E. L., & Carolina, N. (2018). Sea Level Rise Impacts on Rural Coastal Social-Ecological Systems and The Implications for Decision-making. Environmental Science and Policy, 90(December 2017), 122–134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2018.10.006

Bliss, J. D., Hayes, T. S., & Orris, G. J. (2012). Limestone-A crucial and versatile industrial mineral commodity. USGS, August, 1–3.

Blora Regency Government, Republic of Indonesia. (2011a). Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Blora Nomor 7 Tahun 2011 Tentang Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Panjang Daerah Kabupaten Blora Tahun 2005-2025. https://www.blorakab.go.id/index.php/public/download

Blora Regency Government, Republic of Indonesia. (2011b). Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Blora Nomor 18 Tahun 2011 Tentang Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kabupaten Blora Tahun 2011-2031. https://pusdataru.jatengprov.go.id/dokumen/RTRW-Prov/11-Kab-Blora/Perda-No-18-Th-2011-ttg-RTRW-Kab-Blora.pdf

Bojonegoro Regency Government, Republic of Indonesia. (2011). Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Bojonegoro Nomor 26 Tahun 2011 Tentang Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kabupaten Bojonegoro Tahun 2011-2031. Pemerintah Kabupaten Bojonegoro.

BPS. (2021). Luas Daerah dan Jumlah Pulau Menurut Provinsi 2021. Geografi Dan Iklim. https://www.bps.go.id/

Daly, H. E. (1977). Steady-state economics: The economics of biophysical equilibrium and moral growth. W.H. Freeman.

Dou, M., Ma, J. X., Li, G. Q., & Zuo, Q. T. (2015). Measurement and assessment of water resources carrying capacity in Henan Province, China. Water Science and Engineering, 8(2), 102–113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2015.04.007

Dsikowitzky, L., Wulp, S. A. Van Der, Ariyani, F., Hesse, K. J., Damar, A., & Schwarzbauer, J. (2018). Transport of Pollution from The Megacity Jakarta into The Ocean: Insights from Organic Pollutant Mass Fluxes Along The Ciliwung River. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 215(January), 219–228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2018.10.017

Du, M., Xu, Z., Peng, L., Zhu, Y., Xu, X., Min, D., Zhenghe, X., Limin, P., Yunhai, Z., Xiufeng, X., Du, M., Xu, Z., Peng, L., Zhu, Y., & Xu, X. (2011). Comprehensive evaluation of water resources carrying capacity of Jining City. Energy Procedia, 5, 1654–1659. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2011.03.282

Duh, J., Shandas, V., Chang, H., & George, L. A. (2008). Rates of urbanisation and the resiliency of air and water quality. Science of The Total Environment, 400(1–3), 238–256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.05.002

Dunn, W. N. (2000). Analisis Kebijakan Publik (Terjemahan). Gadjah mada University Press.

East Java Provincial Government, Republic of Indonesia. (2012). Regional Regulation of East Java Province Number 5 of 2012 Concerning Spatial Planning for East Java Province 2011-2031. https://bappeda.jatimprov.go.id/dokumen-perencanaan/

Eugene, L. R. (2014). Degradation in Water Quality due to Limestone Mining in East Jaintia Hills, Meghalaya, India. In Int. Res. J. Environment Sci. International Science Congress Association (Vol. 3, Issue 5).

Executive Office of the President, & Ministry of Environment and Forestry, RI. (2017). Kajian Lingkungan Hidup Strategis (KLHS) Kebijakan Pemanfaatan dan Pengelolaan Pegunungan Kendeng yang Berkelanjutan Tahap II. Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Republic of Indonesia.

Faludi, A. (2000). The Performance of Spatial Planning. Planning Practice and Research, 15(4), 299–318. https://doi.org/10.1080/713691907

Ganapathi, H., & Phukan, M. (2020). Environmental Hazards of Limestone Mining and Adaptive Practices for Environment Management Plan. In R. M. Singh, P. Shukla, & P. Singh (Eds.), Environmental Processes and Management: Tools and Practices (Vol. 91, pp. 121–134). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-38152-3_8

Glasson, J., & Marshall, T. (2007). Regional Planning (1st ed.). Routledge.

Grobogan Regency Government, Republic of Indonesia. (2007). Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Grobogan Nomor 11 Tahun 2007 Tentang Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Panjang Daerah Kabupaten Grobogan Tahun 2005-2025. https://www.grobogan.go.id/dokumen/rpjpd

Grobogan Regency Government, Republic of Indonesia. (2012). Grobogan Regency Regional Regulation Number 07 of 2012 Concerning the Grobogan Regency Spatial Plan for 2011-2031. https://www.grobogan.go.id/dokumen/rtrw?download=16:rtrw-kabupaten-grobogan-2011-2031

Grobogan Regency Government, Republic of Indonesia. (2016). Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Grobogan Nomor 10 Tahun 2016 Tentang Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Daerah Grobogan Kabupaten Grobogan Tahun 2016-2021. http://bappeda.grobogan.go.id/images/2019_RPJMD_2016_2021.pdf

Hadi, S. P., Buchori, I., Purnaweni, H., Prabawani, B., & Adiwibowo. (2020). Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) in a conflict situation: A case study on North Kendeng Mountain Area, Central Java, Indonesia. Asian Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 22(1), 15–23.

Hadi, S. P., Hamdani, R. S., & Roziqin, A. (2023). A sustainability review on the Indonesian job creation law. Heliyon, 9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e13431

Hadi, S. P., Purnaweni, H., Hadiyanto, & Prabawani, B. (2018). Sustainable use of water resource at North Kendeng Mountain, Central Java, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 191(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/191/1/012005

Hadi, S. P., Purnaweni, H., & Prabawani, B. (2019). The Powerless of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA): A Case Studies of North Kendeng Mountain Area, Central Java, Indonesia. E3S Web of Conferences, 125(201 9), 9–11. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/201912502014

Hadi, S. P., Purnaweni, H., Prabawani, B., & Hamdani, R. S. (2020). Community Movement for Sustainable Use of Natural Resources: Case study of North Kendeng Mountain Area, Central Java, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 448(1), 012069. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/448/1/012069

Hamdani, R. S., Hadi, S. P., Rudiarto, I., & Purnaweni, H. (2020). Do we care enough? Revisiting land subsidence and coastal spatial planning policy in Semarang, Indonesia. E3S Web of Conferences, 202(August), 06005. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202020206005

Handayani, W., Fisher, M. R., Rudiarto, I., Sih Setyono, J., & Foley, D. (2019). Operationalizing resilience: A content analysis of flood disaster planning in two coastal cities in Central Java, Indonesia. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 35(May 2018), 101073. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101073

Haseeb, Z., Rana, A., Naseer, N., Aftab, A., Haseeb, A., Chaudhry, M. N., & Majid, M. (2018). Monitoring of Environment, Health and Socio-Economic Impacts of Limestone Quarrying Near Chakwal, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Science, 70(4), 2018.

Heinberg, R. (2018). We Are Exceeding Earth’s Carrying Capacity. Denying It Is Suicidal. https://qz.com/1347735/how-many-people-can-earth-support-its-carrying-capacity-isnt-infinite/

Hidayatullah, Umar, Rini, H. S., & Arsal, T. (2016). Analisis Peta Konflik Pembangunan Pabrik PT. Semen Indonesia Di Kecamatan Gunem Kabupaten Rembang. Solidarity: Journal of Education, Society and Culture, 5(1), 10–21.

IA, O., Amadi, A., Olashinde, P., Sabo, S., & Okoye, N. (2016). Impacts of Limestone Mining and Processing on Water Quality in Ashaka Area, Northeastern Nigeria. Development Joumal of Science and Technology Research, 5(1), 47–62.

Jia, Z., Cai, Y., Chen, Y., & Zeng, W. (2018). Regionalization of water environmental carrying capacity for supporting the sustainable water resources management and development in China. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2018.03.030

Kang, P., & Xu, L. (2012). Water Environmental Carrying Capacity Assessment of an Industrial Park. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 13(2011), 879–890. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2012.01.082

Lawer, E. T., Lukas, M. C., & Jørgensen, S. H. (2017). The neglected role of local institutions in the ‘resource curse’ debate. Limestone mining in the Krobo region of Ghana. Resources Policy, 54(March), 43–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resourpol.2017.08.005

Lestari, R. (2022, January 24). Berhasil Tumbuh 5,9 Persen, Konsumsi Semen 2021 Masih Belum Pulih. Bisnis. https://ekonomi.bisnis.com/read/20220124/257/1492534/berhasil-tumbuh-59-persen-konsumsi-semen-2021-masih-belum-pulih

Liu, R. M., Sun, C. C., Han, Z. X., Chen, L., Huang, Q., Chen, Y. X., Gao, S. H., & Shen, Z. Y. (2012). Water environmental capacity calculation based on uncertainty analysis: A case study in the Baixi watershed area, China. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 13, 1728–1738. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2012.01.166

Loomis, J. J., Knaus, M., & Dziedzic, M. (2019). Integrated Quantification of Forest Total Economic Value. Land Use Policy, 84(March), 335–346. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.03.018

LPPM IPB, & Tuban Regency Government, Republic of Indonesia. (2014). Studi Daya Dukung dan Daya Tampung Lingkungan Kabupaten Tuban, Provinsi Jawa Timur. Pemerintah Kabupaten Tuban.

Lu, Y., Xu, H., Wang, Y., & Yang, Y. (2017). Evaluation of water environmental carrying capacity of city in Huaihe River Basin based on the AHP method: A case in Huai’an City. Water Resources and Industry, 18(October), 71–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wri.2017.10.001

Malakooti, B. (2012). Decison Making Process: Typology, Intelligence, and Optimization. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 23(3), 733–746. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10845-010-0424-1

Marganingrum, D. (2018). Carrying Capacity of Water Resources in Bandung Basin. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 118(1), 012026. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/118/1/012026

Masood, N., Hudson-Edwards, K., & Farooqi, A. (2020). True cost of coal: Coal mining industry and its associated environmental impacts on water resource development. Journal of Sustainable Mining, 19(3). https://doi.org/10.46873/2300-3960.1012



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.71917

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 747 | views : 425

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2023 Sudharto Prawata Hadi, Hartuti Purnaweni, Bulan Prabawani, Rizkiana Sidqiyatul Hamdani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 225/E/KPT/2022, Vol 54 No 1 the Year 2022 - Vol 58 No 2 the Year 2026 (accreditation certificate download)

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)

Web
Analytics IJG STATISTIC