Physical and Chemical Parameters of Estuarine Waters around South Sulawesi

Hasriani Ayu Lestari(1*), Muh. Farid Samawi(2), Ahmad Faizal(3), Abigail Mary Moore(4), Jamaluddin Jompa(5)

(1) Doctoral Program in Fisheries Science, Faculty of Marine Science and Fishery, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar, Indonesia
(2) Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia
(3) Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia
(4) Graduate School, Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia
(5) Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Water quality parameters can be indicators of pollution driving riverine, estuarine and coastal resource degradation. This study evaluated water quality in the downstream, estuarine and surrounding coastal waters of 8 major rivers around the western, southern and eastern coasts of South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Data on physical and chemical parameters (salinity, temperature, total dissolved solids (TDS), conductivity, turbidity, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), nitrate and ammonium) were collected during January 2020. These data were interpolated and mapped using the Kriging tool in ArcGIS 9.3 and analysed using the STORET scale and principle component analysis (PCA).  STORET values indicate moderate to heavy pollution, with the most severe pollution in Makassar City. Dominant defining parameters based on the PCA were nitrate, ammonium and DO at the Malili and Makassar sites,  pH, temperature, TDS and salinity at the Palopo, Bulukumba and Pangkep sites, conductivity at the Takalar site and turbidity at the Pinrang site.


River estuary, water quality mapping, STORET pollution scale, Principle Component Analysis

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Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 225/E/KPT/2022, Vol 54 No 1 the Year 2022 - Vol 58 No 2 the Year 2026 (accreditation certificate download)

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