Structure and tree diversity of an inland Atlantic Forest–A case study of Ponte Branca Forest Remnant, Brazil

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.61120

Rorai Martins-Neto(1*), Antonio Tommaselli(2), Nilton Imai(3), Adilson Berveglieri(4), Mariana Thomaz(5), Gabriela Miyoshi(6), Baltazar Casagrande(7), Raul Guimarães(8), Eduardo Ribeiro(9), Eija Honkavaara(10), Mariana Campos(11), Raquel de Oliveira(12), Hassan David(13)

(1) Department of Forest Management, Czech University of Life Sciences (CZU). Kamýcká 129, 165 00, Praha – Suchdol, Czech Republic and Department of Cartography, School of Technology and Sciences, São Paulo State University (FCT/UNESP). Roberto Simonsen St, 305, Presidente Prudente – SP, Brazil, 19060 – 900.
(2) Department of Cartography, School of Technology and Sciences, São Paulo State University (FCT/UNESP). Roberto Simonsen St, 305, Presidente Prudente – SP, Brazil, 19060 – 900.
(3) Department of Cartography, School of Technology and Sciences, São Paulo State University (FCT/UNESP). Roberto Simonsen St, 305, Presidente Prudente – SP, Brazil, 19060 – 900.
(4) Department of Cartography, School of Technology and Sciences, São Paulo State University (FCT/UNESP). Roberto Simonsen St, 305, Presidente Prudente – SP, Brazil, 19060 – 900.
(5) Department of Cartography, School of Technology and Sciences, São Paulo State University (FCT/UNESP). Roberto Simonsen St, 305, Presidente Prudente – SP, Brazil, 19060 – 900.
(6) Department of Cartography, School of Technology and Sciences, São Paulo State University (FCT/UNESP). Roberto Simonsen St, 305, Presidente Prudente – SP, Brazil, 19060 – 900.
(7) Department of Geography, School of Technology and Sciences, São Paulo State -University (FCT/UNESP). Roberto Simonsen St, 305, Presidente Prudente – SP, Brazil, 19060 – 900.
(8) Department of Geography, School of Technology and Sciences, São Paulo State -University (FCT/UNESP). Roberto Simonsen St, 305, Presidente Prudente – SP, Brazil, 19060 – 900.
(9) Catarinense Federal Institute (IFC). Missões St, 100, Blumenau – SC, Brazil, 89510-000.
(10) Department of Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry of the Finnish Geospatial Research Institute FGI. Vuorimiehentie 5, FI-02150 Espoo, Finland.
(11) Department of Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry of the Finnish Geospatial Research Institute, FGI
(12) Department of Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry of the Finnish Geospatial Research Institute FGI. Vuorimiehentie 5, FI-02150 Espoo, Finland.
(13) Department of Forestry, Rural University of Amazonia (UFRA), Pau Amarelo St, Capitão Poço – PA, Brazil, 68650 – 000.
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The Atlantic Forest is the most fragmented and threatened domain in Brazil. The main remnants are in the coastal regions. This paper describes a study performed at a protected federal reserve in Brazil located in western of São Paulo state, which is a transition with the Savannah. A forestry survey was made for understanding the forest structure, diversity, and floristic composition of an inland Atlantic Forest area. A total of 3,181 individuals with a Diameter at Breast Height over 3.5 cm were sampled. The data sample was composed of 29 families and 64 species from 15 plots. Forty-seven percent of the species were classified as a pioneer, 42% as secondary, and 11% as climax. The species Eugenia uniflora presented the highest importance value index. The values of Shannon-Weaver diversity and Pielou equitability index indicate the area has less diversity than others in the same phytophysiognomy and was dominated by a few species with many individuals. Several anthropogenic disturbances altered the forest cover of the Ponte Branca Forest remnant, which is in the process of secondary succession.


Keywords


Biogeography; Forest Succession; Brazilian semideciduous forest; Forest inventory

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.61120

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Copyright (c) 2022 Rorai Martins-Neto, Antonio Tommaselli, Nilton Imai, Adilson Berveglieri, Mariana Thomaz, Gabriela Miyoshi, Baltazar Casagrande, Raul Guimarães, Eduardo Ribeiro, Eija Honkavaara, Mariana Campos, Raquel de Oliveira, Hassan David

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