From solitary to an adaptive continuum process: Toward a new framework of natural disaster emergency decision-making

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.60227

Siska Sasmita(1), Bevaola Kusumasari(2*), Agus Pramusinto(3), Ely Susanto(4)

(1) Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
(2) Department of Public Policy and Management, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(3) Department of Public Policy and Management, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(4) Department of Public Policy and Management, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Major studies in emergency decisions are focusing on how techno-rational approaches applied in early warning systems to produce an output; rarely explore its opponent, the naturalistic intervention, or how both paradigms function in a crisis decision process. This research aims to identify the actual process of emergency decision making in the context of natural hazard studies, whether it employs the techno-rational or purely naturalistic approach. A systematic review is adopted to assess papers in the period 2000-2018 within the ‘emergency decision making’ AND “natural disaster” keywords. Research finds a non-techno-rational paradigm that contributes to producing a decision outcome. Instead of categorizing it the naturalistic paradigm as named by the scholars, we labelled it a non-technological paradigm. It consists of two main instruments: individual and institutional interventions, that together with the techno-rational instrument develop an adaptive continuum behavior while operating in uncertainty condition in order to generate an effective evacuation order for vulnerable people.


Keywords


adaptive; continuum; emergency decision making; institutional intervention, techno-rational paradigm

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.60227

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Copyright (c) 2022 Siska Sasmita, Bevaola Kusumasari, Agus Pramusinto, Ely Susanto

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Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol 50 No 1 the Year 2018 - Vol 54 No 2 the Year 2022

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)

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