Sediment Movements in Estuary of Siak River, Riau Basin, Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.57100

Mubarak Mubarak(1*), Ahmad Nurhuda(2)

(1) Department of Marine Science, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
(2) Department of Marine Science, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Siak river has a long history as a transportation lane in the east of Sumatera. From traditional to timber transportations are dependent on this river. Now the river is a severe suffering pollutant spill from many sources. Anthropological activities were higher contributions in the degradation of river environments. Many works were reported about pollution in Siak river. But how the distribution of model sediment transport in the mouth of the river is less to be explained. We consider hydrodynamics model of the mouth of Siak river for modeling the sediment distribution. This simulation gives a fundamental and clear understanding of how total solid sediment (TSS) distribution when flood and ebb tide happens. At ebb tide, TSS dispersion is higher than at flood tide. There is found that the sediment is concentrated in the plume of Siak river in Bengkalis strait. The composition of the sediment is dominated by organic matters.


Keywords


estuary; hydrodynamics model; total suspended solid; sediment; Siak River



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.57100

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Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol 50 No 1 the Year 2018 - Vol 54 No 2 the Year 2022

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)

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