Rural–Urban Transformation and Landuse Dynamics in Gunungpati on the Northern Flank of Mt. Ungaran, Semarang, Indonesia

Juhadi Juhadi(1*), Tjaturahono Budi Sanjoto(2), Elok Surya Pratiwi(3), Edy Trihatmoko(4), Istiqomah Istiqomah(5), Aprillia Findayani(6)

(1) Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang
(2) Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang
(3) Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang
(4) Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang
(5) Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang
(6) Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang
(*) Corresponding Author


Most of the northern flank of Mt. Ungaran is subject to intensive land occupation that makes landuse change inevitable. The research objectives of this study were to examine the spatial patterns of land-use dynamics from 1997 to 2018 and to analyze their impact on the rural–urban structure of Gunungpati sub-district using on-screen digitation. Rural–urban structure was analyzed based on landuse composition by area in each village. This research revealed that forest areas and paddy fields were decreasing year by year. Over the study period of 21 years, Gunungpati experienced deforestation of 1,777 ha and increase in built-up area of 1,295 ha, forcing shifting in rural structure. Most villages that were categorized as rural frame zones in 1997 had changed into urban–rural frame zones by 2018. This situation must be controlled, since much of Gunungpati territory plays a significant role as a groundwater recharge zone for the Semarang lowland area.




spatial impact, landuse; land transformation rate; Mt. Ungaran

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Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol 50 No 1 the Year 2018 - Vol 54 No 2 the Year 2022

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)