Residential Area and Income Inequality in Suburban Indonesia

Pitri Yandri(1*)

(*) Corresponding Author


Suburban becomes footing for the population who migrate from rural to urban areas, especially from living
and housing. Similarly, when the population in urban areas assume that the city is no longer comfortable to their live,
so the only possible choice for them is moving to suburb. The subsequent impact of the phenomenon is tremendous
construction of residential areas as a result of the high demand for housing. The problem then is the construction of
residential areas often neglect the interests of the local neighborhood. Thus, the residential area becomes a kind of modern
residential area in a local neighborhood. Then it widen its impacts of inequality between communities in residential
area with communities in local neighborhood. This paper presents the finding that contributor of income inequality in
suburbs areas in Indonesia comes from a modern residential area. The evidence for the argument is the result of Theil
Entropy Index calculation on modern residential area is higher than the traditional residential area, which is respectively
0.34 and 0.15.


Housing;Exclusive Cluster of Housing;Local Neighborhood;Theil Entropy Index

Full Text:



Adisasmita, R. (2006), Rural and urban development (in bahasa), Graha Ilmu, Yogyakarta. Bergel. E.E. (1955), Urban sociology, McGraw-Hill


Bintarto (1977), City patterns and issues (in bahasa),

Fakultas Geografi UGM, Yogyakarta.

Deaton, A. (1998), The analysis of household surveys a

microeconomic approach to development policy, The

Jhon Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.

Giyarsih, S.R. (2001), Symptoms of urban sprawl as

settlement densification triggers process in urban

fringe area (in bahasa), Jurnal Perencanaan

Wilayah dan Kota 12: 56-68.

Hartadi, A. (2009), Land suitability assessment based on

physical characteristics housing association in Fakfak

City (in bahasa), Master thesis, Program Pascasarjana,

Magister Teknik Pembangunan Wilayah

dan Kota, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.

Khairuddin, S.S. (2000), Community development: overview

aspects of sociology, economics and planning

(in bahasa), Penerbit Liberti, Yogyakarta.

Permatasari, P.S., & Hudalah, D. (2013), Movement

patterns and deconcentration Jobs in Metropolitan

Regions: A Case Study Cikarang Industrial Workers,

Bekasi (in bahasa), Jurnal Teknik Sipil 20: 25-

Pribadi, et al. (2010), Modeling Regional Development

Planning: Concepts, Methods, Applications, and

Computational Techniques (in bahasa), Lecture

module, Program Studi Ilmu-Ilmu Perencanaan

Pembangunan Wilayah, IPB, Bogor.

Rustiadi, et al. (2011), Planning and regional development

(in bahasa), Penerbit Yayasan Pustaka Obor

Indonesia, Jakarta.

Suwardjoko (1990), Planning for transportation systems

(in bahasa), Penerbit ITB, Bandung.

Vaughan, L., et al. (2009), Do the suburbs exist? discovering

complexity and specificity in suburban built

from, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers,


Wheler, C.H., & Jeunesse, L.E.A. (2007), Neighborhood

Income Inequality, Working paper 2006-039B, Federal

Reserve Bank of St. Louis.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2296 | views : 2178


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2014 Indonesian Journal of Geography

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol 50 No 1 the Year 2018 - Vol 54 No 2 the Year 2022

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)