Livelihood Srategies and the Welfare of Transmigrants

Yanmesli Yanmesli(1*), R Rijanta(2), Sutikno Sutikno(3), Nasruddin Harahap(4)

(*) Corresponding Author


Transmigration is one of the manifestations of artificial human community that is expected to increase the
natural resource utilization activities for welfare in a transmigration location. This paper is to find out the livelihood
strategies and their effect on transmigrants’ welfare. Results of the study indicates at Stage I (the first 1.5 years), transmigrants
generally applied a survival strategy by relying on the living allotment of government. At Stage II (the second
1.5 years), a part of them sougth other source of income for establishing their livelihood. At Stage III (the third 2 years
and afterward), a part of them left the transmigration location, while others have able to survive until the primary commodity
of rubber can be productive after the sixth year of cultivation. Welfare is achieved by those that could to apply
the livelihood strategies to have the established sources of income outside the transmigrants’ primary commodity, particularly
from Pasuruan, East Java Province.


Transmigrasi;komunitas manusia buatan;strategi penghidupan;kesejahteraan

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