Application of Urban Geology in Construction Projects (Case Study: Urban Geology of Sarpol-e Zahab, Kermanshah Province, Iran)

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.43279

Sajad Afzali(1*), Faezeh Taheri Sarmad(2), Mojtaba Heidari(3), Seyed Hossein Jalali(4)

(1) Department of Geology, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
(2) Department of Architecture, Eslamabad-e-Gharb Branch,Islamic Azad University,Eslamabad-e-Gharb,Iran
(3) Associate Professor, Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Bu-Ali Sina University, Mahdieh Ave., Hamedan 65175-38695, Iran
(4) Ph.D.of Engineering Geology, Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Bu-Ali Sina University, Mahdieh Ave., Hamedan 65175-38695, Iran
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Urban geology is a preliminary study for the construction and development of cities, which has been more prominent in recent decades in some countries despite its long application history. It assesses the impact of geological and natural phenomena on urban space and available structures. The earthquake on Nov. 21, 2017, inflicted a lot of damage to the city of Sarpol-e Zahab, west of Iran, including financial losses and casualties. Reconstruction of this city and planning for its sustainable development entail conducting urban geological studies. In the present study, the effect of natural phenomena on Sarpol-e Zahab County was studied by investigating its geology and geomorphology. The results showed that, in addition to the earthquake that habitually affected the city of Sarpol-e Zahab, the hazards of other phenomena are also significant. Recorded horizontal acceleration in the recent earthquake confirmed the high seismicity of Sarpol-e Zahab has.


Keywords


Urban geology; natural hazards; earthquake; site effects; Sarpol-e Zahab



References

Alavi, M. (1994). Tectonics of the Zagros orogenic belt of Iran: new data and interpretations. Tectonophysics, 239, 211-238.

Ambraseys, N.N. and C.P. Melville (1982). A History of Persian Earthquakes. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Ami, H.M. (1900). On the geology of the principal cities in eastern Canada: Royal Society of Canada, Transactions, 2nd Series, VI: section VI, 125-164.

Bathrellos, G. (2007). An Overview in Urban Geology and Urban Geomorphology. Bulletin of Geological Society of Greece, 40, 1354-1364. https://doi.org/10.12681/bgsg.16888

Belanger, J.R. and C.W. Moore (1999). The use and value of urban geology in Canada: A case study in the National Capital Region. Geoscience Canada, 26(3), 121-129.

Berberian, M. (1995). Master blind thrust faults hidden under the Zagros folds: active basement tectonics and surface morphotectonics. Tectonophysics, 241, 193-224.

Brennand, T.A. (1998). Urban Geology Note: Oshawa Ontario. In P.F. Karrow, and O. L. White (Eds.), Geological Association of Canada, Special Paper 42: Urban Geology of Canadian Cities, 353-364.

Bridge, D., E. Hough, H. Kessler, S. Price, and H. Reeves (2005). Urban Geology: Integrating Surface and Sub-Surface Geoscientific Information for Development Needs. In: Ostaficzuk, S.R. (eds) The Current Role of Geological Mapping in Geosciences. NATO Science Series (Series IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences), 56, Springer, Dordrecht.

Culshaw, M.G., and S.J. Price (2011). The 2010 Hans Cloos lecture: the contribution of urban geology to the development, regeneration and conservation of cities. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and Environment, 70(3), 333-376. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10064-011-0377-4

De Mulder, E.F.J. (2015). Communicating Applied Geoscientific Expertise to Rural and Urban Planners: Some Lessons Learned. In: Lollino, G., Manconi, A., Guzzetti, F., Culshaw, M., Bobrowsky, P., Luino, F. (eds) Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 5. Springer, Cham

Donovan, S.K. (2018). Using urban geology: a field guide to Morpeth Railway Station, northern England. Geology Today, 34(3), 97-99.

El May, M., M. Dlala, and I. Chenini (2010). Urban geological mapping: Geotechnical data analysis for rational development planning. Engineering Geology, 116(1–2), 129-138.

Farzanegan, E., M. Pourmohammad Shahvar, A. Eshaghi, M. Mirsanjari, H. Abdollahi, and H. Mirzaee Alavijeh (2017). Report of the November 12, 2017 Sarpol-e Zahab, Kermanshah Province earthquake. Road, Housing and Urban Development Research Center (BHRC), Iran Strong Motion Network.

Harrison, J.E. (1975). The Ottawa-Hull Urban Geology Project. 28th Canadian Geotechnical Conference, Canadian Geotechnical Society (pp. 9-16), Montreal, Canada

Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of IRAN, ISIRI. (2007). Seismic resistant design of buildings – Code of practice, standard No: 2800, 3st.revision (in Persian).

Internet 1: http://www.amar.org.ir/Portals/2/PropertyAgent/1428/Files/1483/05.xls (14.12.2017)

Internet 2: The BHRC http://geotech.bhrc.ac.ir (06.07.2018)

Internet 3: The Kermanshah province regional water company http://www.kshrw.ir (04.12.2017)

Internet 4: The Kermanshah province regional meteorological office http:/www.kermanshahmet.ir (22.01.2018)

Internet 5: The United Nations Institute for Training and Research https://unitar.org/unosat/ (07.04.2018)

Internet 6: Iranian Seismological Center http://irsc.ut.ac.ir (28.02.2018)

Internet 7: The Fars News http://www.farsnews.com (15.01.2018)

International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology – IIEES. (2017). Report on 12th November 2017, magnitude 7.3 earthquake in Sarpol-e Zahab, Kermanshah Province, 5rd Edition, Tehran, Iran (in Persian)

Legget, R.F. (1980). What Every City Should do about Geology and its Underground. Underground Space, 4(5),   273-277.

Lollino, G., A. Manconi, J. Clague, W. Shan, and M. Chiarle (2015). Engineering Geology for Society and Territory – Volume 5, Urban Geology, Sustainable Planning and Landscape Exploitation. Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

Marschalko, M., I. Yilmaz, M. Bednarik, and K. Kubečka (2013). Identification of the near-surface geological structure and deposits for land use planning purposes in the Doubrava Region (Czech Republic). Episodes, 36, 94-104.

Mathewson, C.C. and R.G. Font (1974). The Geological Environment - Forgotten aspect in landuse planning process, in H.F. Ferguson (eds.), Engineering Geology Case Histories, No. 10,., GSA, p23-28.

McGill, J. (1964). Growing importance of urban geology. USGS Publications Warehouse, http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/cir487

Miyajima, M., A. Fallahi, T. Ikemoto, M. Samaei, S. Karamzadeh, H. Setiawan, F. Talebi, and J. Karashi (2018). Site Investigation of the Sarpole-Zahab Earthquake, Mw 7.3 in SW Iran of November 12, 2017. JSCE Journal of Disaster FactSheets, 2018-E-0002.

NATIONAL IRANIAN OIL COMPANY, NIOC. (2013). Sarpol-e Zahab 1:50,000 Geological map, sheet No. 5158I.

Pantelias, E., A.D. Zervakou, P.I. Tsombos, and K.G. Nikolakopoulos (2008). Spatial database for the management of urban geology geothematic information: the case of Drama City, Greece. Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring, GIS Applications, and Geology VIII, https://doi.org/10.1117/12.798864

Price, D.G. (1971). Engineering Geology in the Urban Environment. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 4, 191-208. https://doi.org/10.1144/GSL.QJEG.1971.004.03.03

Road, Housing and Urban Development Research Center, BHRC. (2017). Immediate-preliminary report on 12th November 2017, earthquake in Sarpol-e Zahab, Kermanshah Province, Tehran, Iran (in Persian).

Sarvar, R. (2009). An Introduction to the Foresight of the Expansion of Informal Settlements in the Urban Area of Tehran. Hafteshahr, 29-30 (in Persian).

Viles, H.A. (2013). Durability and conservation of stone: coping with complexity. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 46, 367-375. https://doi.org/10.1144/qjegh2012-053

Zamani, A., and M. Agh-Atabai (2011). Multifractal analysis of the spatial distribution of earthquake epicenters in the Zagros and Alborz-Kopeh Dagh regions of Iran. J Sci Technol, A1, 39–51.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.43279

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 164

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 sajad afzali, Faezeh Taheri Sarmad, Mojtaba Heidari, Seyed Hossein Jalali

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol 50 No 1 the Year 2018 - Vol 54 No 2 the Year 2022

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)

Web
Analytics IJG STATISTIC