Location–Allocation Model Applied to Urban Public Services: Spatial Analysis of Fire Stations in Mysore Urban Area Karnataka, India


Javaid Ahmad Tali(1*), Divya S(2), Asima Nusrath(3)

(1) University of Mysore
(2) Department of Studies in Geography University of Mysore
(3) Department of Studies in Geography University of Mysore
(*) Corresponding Author


Prevention of fire occurrence is one of the most disturbing problems which damages life and properties to a great extent. Location-allocation model has been applied to find out the parts of the city having poor coverage. Potential sites were recommended wherefrom all demand points will be covered within a predefined impedance cutoff of time of five minutes as per the norms of Standard Fire Advisory Council (SFAC). The available sites to set up a fire station were identified using land use and land cover map that has been prepared from Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) were from agricultural land, wasteland land, follow land having an area greater than 3 hectares were given as candidate (potential) sites. Within the travel time of five minutes the result indicates that 66.45 percent of the city population in the Southeast and Southwest is un-served. Two scenarios have been adopted to fulfill the requirements of such an emergency facility; by relocating the existing facilities and without relocating existing facilities. In both cases nine fire stations are required to cover the entire city effectively. The location-allocation model provides the solution for the spatial decision not only to find the optimal locations for locating the emergency service but also acts as a tool to determine where and how many facilities are in need to fulfill all requirements. Hence, it is advisable to adopt the second method that is, establishing six new fire stations without relocating existing three fire stations, which would be cost-effective.



Fire Stations; GIS; Population; Served area; Time; Distance; Location-allocation

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.25365

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