ASSESSING THE EFFECTS OF LAND USE CHANGE ON RUNOFF IN BEDOG SUB WATERSHED YOGYAKARTA

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.2406

Aris Prasena(1*), D.B. Pikha Shrestha(2)

(1) 
(2) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The study was to assess the effects of land use change on runoff in the Bedog sub watershed.
Soil and Water Assessment Tool-Water Balance (SWAT-WB) hydrological modeling was used
to predict runoff for years of 2001, 2006, and 2010. Land use in Bedog has rapidly changed
in last few decades due to agglomeration process in Yogyakarta City. Coverage of mixed
garden decreased during period of 2001-2010 despite still as predominant land use in total.
On the other side, change detection analysis revealed that there was an increase of
settlements coverage from 9.51% to 13.79% in the same period. Sensitivity analysis revealed
that soil properties were the most sensitive parameters on runoff generation. Calibration was
performed for years of 2001, 2006, and 2010 and the result shows an acceptable
performance in runoff simulation. Changes in land use were responsible for an increase in
the annual runoff between 3.42% – 4.67%. This study showed that dynamics of runoff can be
predicted by forecasting and simulating future land use.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.2406

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Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol 50 No 1 the Year 2018 - Vol 54 No 2 the Year 2022

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)

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