Spatial Analyses of Low Birth Weight Incidence, Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.15951

Donal Donal(1), Hartono Hartono(2), Muhammad Hakimi(3), Ova Emilia(4*)

(1) Dinas Kesehatan Murung Raya and Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Faculty of Geography Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Faculty of Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Faculty of Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The etiology of Low Birth Weight (LBW) in Murung Raya is still unclear. This study aimed to find out the relationship between environmental and health behavior risk factors of LBW in Murung Raya. 150 women were recruited through the incidence data 2013- 2014, and the questionnaires, medical records, and geographic data were measured by McNemar, ANOVA, logistic, IRR, MI, z (Gi), and NNI tests. Bivariate analysis showed significant correlation of LBW with TBA care OR= 10, drinking popa OR= 5, smoking OR= 6.1, and accessibility OR = 2.3, with adjusted OR for TBA care OR= 32.78, ANC OR= 27.52 revealing trend lines with ANOVA F=49, and clustering RR=7, MI >0 (four clusters), z (Gi) >1 (two high clusters), and NNI>1 (two high clusters). The spatial analysis provided greater statistical power to detect an effect that was not apparent in the case-control study. This study suggests that preventions, interventions and treatment for LBW not only be conducted by the current epidemiology approach but also by new modern geographic positioning analysis.


Keywords


Low birth weight; epidemiology; spatial analysis; Murung Raya; Indonesia

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.15951

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Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol 50 No 1 the Year 2018 - Vol 54 No 2 the Year 2022

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)

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