Urbanization and Condition of Urban Slums in India

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.12466

Digambar Abaji Chimankar(1*)

(1) Post Graduate Departmentof Population Studies,Fakir Mohan University, Nuapadhi Campus, Odisha, India
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The present paper attempted to study the urbanization in India and condition of urban slums in terms of water, sanitation, electricity, garbage collection and health care, and education which are supposed to be basic minimum needs for the slum dwellers. India is going through the process of rapid urbanization because of industrialization like other third world countries.  The percent of urbanization increase from 27.8 percent in 2001 to 31.1 percent in 2011 census. The increase in the percentage of population in urban areas is because of natural growth, rural to urban migration and the reclassification of village and towns. The share of the slum population in the total urban population of the country was 18.3 percent in 2001 while in 2011 it was 17.4 percent. The condition of urban slums in India is to be improved so as to make them better for living.

Keywords


Urbanization;Slum;Poverty;Migration;Health

Full Text:

PDF


References

Government of India (2011). Primary Census Abstract for Slum, Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.

Government of India (2013). State of slums in India. A Statistical Compendium. Government of India. Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation.

Government of India (2012).Urban Slums in India. NSS 69th Round. Report No. 561(69/0.21).

Joshua Arbury (2006). From Urban Sprawl to Compact City, – An analysis of urban growth management in Auckland. (http://transportblog.co.nz/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/thesis.pdf).

Ramanathan, U. (2004). Illegality and exclusion: Law in the lives of slum dwellers. IELRC Working Paper (2004-2). Geneva: International Environmental Law Research Centre.

UN-Habitat (2003). The Challenge of Slums: Global Report on Human Settlements. London: Earthscan Publications Ltd.

UN-Habitat report (2007). Slum Dwellers to double by 2030: United Nations Human Settlements Programme.

UN-Habitat (2003b). Slums of the world: the face of urban poverty in the new millennium? Working Paper.

The National Sample survey Organization (NSSO)[2012]. Government of India. no Report 561.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.12466

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2165 | views : 3701

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Indonesian Journal of Geography

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol 50 No 1 the Year 2018 - Vol 54 No 2 the Year 2022

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)

Web
Analytics IJG STATISTIC