The efficacy of a chicken antibody for the development of immunoassay‐based rapid detection in sugarcane mosaic virus disease

Nurmalasari Darsono(1*), Widhi Dyah Sawitri(2), Retnosari Apriasti(3), Agus Heri Setyo Wahyudi(4), Putri Andreyna Saragi(5), Victorin Mega Putri(6), Sugiharto Sugiharto(7), Win Darmanto(8)

(1) Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University, Jalan Mulyorejo, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia; Research Center for Genetic Engineering, National Research and Innovation Agency, BJ Habibie Building, Jalan MH Thamrin 8, Jakarta Pusat 10340, Indonesia
(2) Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jalan Flora, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(3) Center for Development of Advanced Science and Technology (CDAST), University of Jember, Jalan Kalimantan 37, Jember 68121, Indonesia
(4) Biotechnology Laboratory, PT Perkebunan Nusantara XI, Jl. Merak 1, Surabaya 60175, Indonesia
(5) Institute of Science Technology and Health, Jl. Kemuning 57A, Jombang 61413, Indonesia
(6) Institute of Science Technology and Health, Jl. Kemuning 57A, Jombang 61413, Indonesia
(7) Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University, Jalan Mulyorejo, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia; Institute of Science Technology and Health, Jl. Kemuning 57A, Jombang 61413, Indonesia
(8) Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University, Jalan Mulyorejo, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia; Institute of Science Technology and Health, Jl. Kemuning 57A, Jombang 61413, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Sugarcane Mosaic Virus (SCMV) infection is one of the most serious problems that can result in severe yield loss of sugarcane. Since the symptoms of SCMV infection are similar to other biotic and abiotic stress symptoms, the development of a rapid diagnostic with high precision is required. The use of laboratory animals such as rabbits is required for antibody production in immunoassay‐based detection. However, due to its many advantages, specific chicken egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) has received considerable attention as an alternative antibody production in immunodiagnostics for infectious diseases. In this study, IgY antibody against SCMV recombinant coat protein (CP) was successfully obtained from chicken blood serum and tested to compare its efficacy against antibody from rabbit (IgG) using immunocapture reverse transcription‐polymerase chain reaction (IC‐RT‐PCR). The result showed that IgY and IgG could detect 0.1 g SCMV infected leaves using 1000‐times‐diluted antibodies. The IgY antibody was also confirmed to be reproducible and potentially applicable in plant disease diagnostics using an antibody‐based detection.


IgG antibody; IgY antibody; Immunoassay; Immunocapture Reverse Transcription‐Polymerase Chain Reaction (IC‐RT‐ PCR); Sugarcane Mosaic Virus (SCMV)

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