An Active of Extracellular Cellulose Degrading Enzyme from Termite Bacterial Endosimbiont

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijbiotech.15273

M. Saifur Rohman(1*), Endang Pamulatsih(2), Yudi Kusnadi(3), Triwibowo Yuwono(4), Erni Martani(5)

(1) Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 55281
(2) Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 55281
(3) Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 55281
(4) Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 55281
(5) Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Cellulase is an ezyme that specifically cleaves the 1,4-β-glycosidic bond of cellulose to produce the
small fragments of simple carbohydrate. This work was aimed to characterize the extracellular cellulase from
Paenibacillus spp., which was previously isolated from macro termites, Odontotermes bhagwatii in our laboratory.
Two Paenibacillus isolates were used in this experiment, namely Paenibacillus cellulositrophicus SBT1 and
Paenibacillus, sp. SBT8. Analysis of the total proteins in the supernatants showed that P. cellulositrophicus SBT1
and Paenibacillus sp. SBT8 roughly produced as much as 18.6 mg/l and 24.8 mg/l of extracellular cellulases,
respectively. Enzymatic assay showed that SBT1 and SBT8 cellulase exhibited enzymatic acitivity of 0.17 U/
mg and 0.12 U/mg, respectively. Temperature dependencies analysis indicated that both cellulases exhibited
maximum activity at 35oC. At the temperature higher than 55oC, the enzymatic activities of both cellulases were
roughly 20% reduced compared to the maximum activity. SBT1 and SBT8 cellulases were both active at acidic
pH. At basic pH (pH 8) the enzymatic activities of both cellulases were reduced roughly 30% compared to that
of acidic pH. Supplementing of Mg2+, Zn2+, and Ca2+ in range of 1-10 mM increased the enzymatic activity of
both cellulases roughly 33 to 50%.

Keywords


Cellulase; Paenibacillus cellulositrophicus SBT1; Paenibacillus sp. SBT8; divalent metal cation; 1,4-β- glycosidic bond

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijbiotech.15273

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Copyright (c) 2016 M. Saifur Rohman, Endang Pamulatsih, Yudi Kusnadi, Triwibowo Yuwono, Erni Martani

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