The Opportunity to Achieve Net Zero Emissions in Indonesia Through the Implementation of a Green Economy to Address Climate Change

https://doi.org/10.22146/globalsouth.86381

Aulia Sabila Syarifa Qalbie(1), Rahmaniah Rahmaniah(2*)

(1) Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
(2) Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This research discusses Indonesia's potential and challenges in implementing a green economy to achieve net zero emissions and address climate change. Global climate change poses a significant challenge to many countries, including Indonesia. To tackle this issue, implementing a green economy has been acknowledged as a practical approach to achieve substantial emission reductions and promote sustainable development. This research explores the potential of implementing a green economy in Indonesia to attain zero emissions and effectively address climate change. This research adopts a qualitative approach, utilizing a literature review, policy analysis, and case studies of green economy implementation in crucial sectors of the Indonesian economy. The analysis reveals that Indonesia possesses immense potential to adopt a green economy. However, several challenges hinder Indonesia's successful implementation of a green economy. This research provides valuable insights into Indonesia's potential, challenges, and efforts to achieve net zero Emissions. The Indonesian government has engaged in several collaborative partnerships involving various ministries of the Republic of Indonesia, domestic stakeholders, and international actors.

Keywords: climate change; green economics; Indonesia; net zero emission


Keywords


Climate Change, Green Economic, Indonesia, Net Zero Emission.

Full Text:

PDF


References

Books

Bram, D., Muhajur, M., & Setiawati, M. (2013). Dinamika wacana perubahan iklim dan keterkaitannya dengan hukum dan tenurial di Indonesia: sebuah kajian kepustakaan. Epistema Institute.

Fiscal Policy Office. (2009). Climate Change & Fiscal Policy Issue. Initiatives.

Gembira, H., Puspita, H. I., Utomo, E. T., Sekar, H., Paputungan, M. S., & Safitri, R. (2019). Laporan Implementas : Perencanaan Pembangunan Rendah Karbon.

Global Green Growth Institute. (2015). Mewujudkan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Hijau untuk Indonesia yang Sejahtera.

Makower, J., & Pike, C. (2008). Strategies for the Green Economy: Opportunities and Challenges in The New World of Business. McGraw-Hill Education.

Schumpeter, J. A. (2017). The Theory of Economic Development. Taylor & Francis.

Thesis/Dissertation

Hefriyenni, R. (2022). Tinjauan Kriminologis Pembukaan Lahan Dengan Cara Dibakar Di Wilayah Hukum Pengadilan Negeri Pasir Pengaraian.

Journal article (retrieved online, with DOI)

Abdullah, M. (2012). Perbedaan Paradigma Ekonomi Konvensional dan Ekonomi Islam Dalam Teori dan Realita. Jurnal Studi Ekonomi, 3(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/taradhi.v3i1.576

Aprilianto, R. A., & Ariefianto, R. M. (2021). Peluang dan Tantangan Menuju Net Zero Emission (NZE) Menggunakan Variable Renewable Energy (VRE) pada Sistem Ketenagalistrikan di Indonesia. Jurnal Multidisipliner Mahasiswa Pascasarjana, 2(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22146/jpmmpi.v2i2.70198

Demissew Beyene, S., & Kotosz, B. (2020). Testing the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis: an empirical study for East African countries. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 77(4), 636–654. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207233.2019.1695445

Dianjaya, A. R., & Epira, P. (2020). Indonesia Green Economy Implementation Readiness of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction. Journal of Contemporary Governance and Public Policy, 1(1), 27–40. https://doi.org/10.46507/jcgpp.v1i1.5

Makmun, M. (2016). Green Economy: Konsep, Impelentasi dan Peran Kementerian Keuangan. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan, 19(2), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.14203/JEP.19.2.2011.1-15

Martawardana, B., Rakatama, A., Junifta, D. Y., & Maharani, D. A. (2022). Green economy post COVID-19: insights from Indonesia. Development in Practice, 32(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/09614524.2021.2002817

Rany, A. P., Farhani, S. A., Nurina, V. R., & Pimada, L. M. (2020). Tantangan Indonesia Dalam Mewujudkan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi yang Kuat dan Pembangunan Ekonomi Berkelanjutan Melalui Indonesia Green Growth Program Oleh Bappenas. Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi dan Pembangunan, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.20961/jiep.v20i1.38229

Rustam, I., Sabilla Kinanti Rizsa, & Anam, S. (2023). Climate Change Adaptation Assistance to a Number of Environmental Communities in Mataram City in Supporting NTB’s Commitment to Net Zero Emission. Jurnal Pemberdayaan Masyarakat, 2(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.55381/jpm.v2i1.88

Supriatna, S., Siahaan, S., & Restiaty, I. (2021). Pencemaran Tanah Oleh Pestisida Di Perkebunan Sayur Kelurahan Eka Jaya Kecamatan Jambi Selatan Kota Jambi (Studi Keberadaan Jamur Makroza dan Cacing Tanah). Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi, 21(1), 460. https://doi.org/10.33087/jiubj.v21i1.1348

Tahmidaten, L., & Krismanto, W. (2020). ermasalahan Budaya Membaca di INdonesia (Studi Pustaka Tentang Problematika & Solusinya). Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.24246/j.js.2020.v10.i1.p22-33

Journal Article (retrieved online, without DOI or page numbers)

Maran, M. (2017). Green Economy: Challenges And Opportunities. Eco Forum, 6(3). Retrieved from https://econpapers.repec.org/article/scmecofrm/v_3a6_3ay_3a2017_3ai_3a3_3ap_3a2.htm

Electronic source

Andri, K. B. (2022, September 3). Peta Jalan Green Agriculture. Tempo Majala Berita Mingguan. Retrieved from https://majalah.tempo.co/read/info-tempo/166862/peta-jalan-green-agriculture

Anugrah, D. F. (2022, September 23). Penggunaan Produk Eco-label Untuk Mendukung Ekonomi Hijau. BI Institute. Retrieved from https://www.bi.go.id/id/bi-institute/BI-Epsilon/Pages/Penggunaan-Produk-Eco-label-Untuk-Mendukung-Ekonomi-Hijau.aspx

Arifah, J. R. (2022, September 8). Degradasi Lingkungan: Pengertian, Penyebab, Dampak, Bentuk dan Cara Mengatasinya (2022). Lindungihutan. Retrieved from https://lindungihutan.com/blog/pengertian-degradasi-lingkungan/

Arista, A. C. (2021, October 29). Mengenal Pertanian Organik dan Potensinya di Indonesia. Neurafarm. Retrieved from https://www.neurafarm.com/blog/InfoTania/Budidaya%20Tanaman/mengenal-pertanian-organik-dan-potensinya-di-indonesia

Asian Development Bank. (2005). Indonesia : Country Environmental Analysis. Retrieved from https://www.adb.org/documents/country-environmental-analysis-indonesia

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2021). Ekonomi Indonesia 2020 Turun sebesar 2,07 Persen (c-to-c) UNDUH BRS INI. Retrieved from https://www.bps.go.id/pressrelease/2021/02/05/1811/ekonomi-indonesia-2020-turun-sebesar-2-07-persen--c-to-c-.html

Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional. (2022a, October 23). Indonesia Targetkan Pencapain Net-Zero Emission Pada 2060. Badan Riset Dan Inovasi Nasional. Retrieved from https://www.brin.go.id/news/110603/indonesia-targetkan-pencapain-net-zero-emission-pada-2060

Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional. (2022b, October 23). Indonesia Targetkan Pencapain Net-Zero Emission Pada 2060. Badan Riset Dan Inovasi Nasional. Retrieved from https://www.brin.go.id/news/110603/indonesia-targetkan-pencapain-net-zero-emission-pada-2060

BKF Kemenkeu. (2018). Tunjukkan Komitmen Serius Terhadap Lingkungan, OECD dan Pemerintah Indonesia Luncurkan Tinjauan Kebijakan Pertumbuhan HIjau. Retrieved from https://fiskal.kemenkeu.go.id/dw-konten-view.asp?id=2019071513075052

Daryono, A. M. (2022a, May 23). Sudah Sejauh Mana Penerapan Green Economy di Indonesia? ALAMI. Retrieved from https://alamisharia.co.id/blogs/green-economy-di-indonesia/

Dewan Energi Nasional. (2022). Outlook Energi Indonesia 2022. Retrieved from https://den.go.id/index.php/publikasi/documentread?doc=Buku_Energi_Outlook_2022_Versi_Bhs_Indonesia.pdf

Direktorat Jenderal EBTKE. (2014). Kebijakan Pengembangan Tenaga Air. Retrieved from https://ebtke.esdm.go.id/post/2014/07/02/628/kebijakan.pengembangantenagaair

Direktorat Jenderal EBTKE. (2020). Sektor Panas Bumi. Retrieved from https://ebtke.esdm.go.id/lintas/id/investasi-ebtke/sektor-panas-bumi/potensi

Direktorat Jenderal EBTKE. (2021). SIARAN PERS : Indonesia Kaya Energi Surya, Pemanfaatan Listrik Tenaga Surya oleh Masyarakat Tidak Boleh Ditunda. Retrieved from https://ebtke.esdm.go.id/post/2021/09/02/2952/indonesia.kaya.energi.surya.pemanfaatan.listrik.tenaga.surya.oleh.masyarakat.tidak.boleh.ditunda

European Commission. (2022). Climate change and environmental degradation. Retrieved from https://knowledge4policy.ec.europa.eu/climate-change-environmental-degradation_en

Ferzi, N. (2021, December 20). Potensi Ekonomi Hijau di Indonesia. Jamberita.Com. Retrieved from https://jamberita.com/read/2021/12/30/5971550/potensi-ekonomi-hijau-di-indonesia/

Hermawati, W., Mahmudin, Rosaira, I. M. I., & Alamsyah, P. (2014). Sumber Daya Biomassa Potensi Energi Indonesia Yang Terabaikan. Retrieved from http://lipi.go.id/publikasi/sumber-daya-biomassa-potensi-energi-indonesia-yang-terabaikan/16374

Indonesia Research Institution Decarbonization. (2022). Mengenal Net Zero Emission. Indonesia Research Institution Decarbonization. Retrieved from https://irid.or.id/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/2022.04.01-Dasar-Dasar-Net-Zero-Emission_SPREADS.pdf

Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR). (2021). Pembangunan Rendah Karbon Indonesia dan Net-Zero Emission Menuju Ekonomi Hijau. Retrieved from https://iesr.or.id/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/Final-Dir-LH-IESR-Net-Zero-Emission_V1.pdf

JDIH Bappenas. (2011). Peraturan Presiden Nomor 61 Tahun 2011 tentang Rencana Aksi Nasional Penurunan Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca. Retrieved from https://jdih.bappenas.go.id/peraturan/detailperaturan/158

Julismin. (2013). DAMPAK DAN PERUBAHAN IKLIM DI INDONESIA. Retrieved from https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24114/jg.v5i1.8083

Kalimasada, B. (2022, January 4). Pertanian yang Menghijaukan Perekonomian Indonesia. AMF. Retrieved from https://amf.or.id/pertanian-yang-menghijaukan-perekonomian-indonesia/

Keliat, M., Hirawan, F. B., Lestari, I., Farizi, O., Xu, N., Noor, R., Fauzi, S., Arreta, J., Daulay, N., Fariz, D., & Marzuki, R. (2022). Ekonomi Hijau dalam Visi Indonesia 2045. Retrieved from https://www.csis.or.id/publication/ekonomi-hijau-dalam-visi-indonesia-2045/

Kemenkeu RI. (2022). Ini Komitmen Indonesia Mencapai Net Zero Emission. Retrieved from https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/informasi-publik/publikasi/berita-utama/Ini-Komitmen-Indonesia-Mencapai-Net-Zero-Emission

Kemenparekraf RI. (2021). Destinasi Wisata Berbasis Sustainable Tourism di Indonesia. Retrieved from https://kemenparekraf.go.id/ragam-pariwisata/Destinasi-Wisata-Berbasis-Sustainable-Tourism-di-Indonesia

Kemenparekraf RI. (2023). Gerakan “Kita Mulai Sekarang”: Upaya Mendukung Sustainable Tourism. Retrieved from https://kemenparekraf.go.id/kebijakan/gerakan-kita-mulai-sekarang-upaya-mendukung-sustainable-tourism

Kementerian ESDM. (2018). Ini Dia Sebaran Pembangkit Listrik Panas Bumi di Indonesia. Retrieved from https://www.esdm.go.id/id/media-center/arsip-berita/ini-dia-sebaran-pembangkit-listrik-panas-bumi-di-indonesia

Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika. (2015). Saatnya Kembangkan Potensi Pariwisata Indonesia. Retrieved from https://www.kominfo.go.id/content/detail/5640/saatnya-kembangkan-potensi-pariwisata-indonesia/0/infografis

Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Perekonomian. (2023). Pemerintah Terus Mendorong Percepatan Transisi Energi di Dalam Negeri Guna Mencapai Target Net Zero Emission pada 2060. Retrieved from https://www.ekon.go.id/publikasi/detail/4996/pemerintah-terus-mendorong-percepatan-transisi-energi-di-dalam-negeri-guna-mencapai-target-net-zero-emission-pada-2060

Kementerian PPN/Bappenas. (2018). Laporan Kajian; Background Study RPJMN 2020-2024. Retrieved from http://aparatur.bappenas.go.id/assets/img/3_%20Laporan%20Kajian%20Background%20Study%20RPJMN%202020-2024%20Bidang%20Aparatur%20Negara%20-%202018.pdf

Khor, M. (2013). Challenges of the Green Economy Concept and Policies in the Context of Sustainable Development, Poverty and Equity. Retrieved from http://purochioe.rrojasdatabank.info/transition-4.pdf

Laily, I. N. (2022). Energi Alternatif adalah Pengganti Bahan Bakar Fosil, Ini Contohnya. Retrieved from https://katadata.co.id/safrezi/berita/61e130d2ccaae/energi-alternatif-adalah-pengganti-bahan-bakar-fosil-ini-contohnya

Limanseto, H. (2022a). Green Economy Mendorong Terciptanya Pembangunan Ekonomi yang Inklusif dan Berkelanjutan. Retrieved from https://ekon.go.id/publikasi/detail/4024/green-economy-mendorong-terciptanya-pembangunan-ekonomi-yang-inklusif-dan-berkelanjutan

Limanseto, H. (2022b). Kembangkan Pariwisata Berkelanjutan, Menko Airlangga Dorong Upaya Melestarikan Warisan Budaya. Retrieved from https://ekon.go.id/publikasi/detail/4465/kembangkan-pariwisata-berkelanjutan-menko-airlangga-dorong-upaya-melestarikan-warisan-budaya

Nayottama, H. (2022). Retrieved from Mengupas Tuntas Peluang dan Tantangan Ekonomi Hijau. https://feb.ugm.ac.id/id/berita/3721-mengupas-tuntas-peluang-dan-tantangan-ekonomi-hijau

Pertamin. (2023, March 21). Sambut Prospek Cerah Pengembangan Panas Bumi, PGE Punya Fundamental Keuangan Kuat. Pertamina. Pertamina. Retrieved from https://www.pertamina.com/id/news-room/news-release/sambut-prospek-cerah-pengembangan-panas-bumi-pge-punya-fundamental-keuangan-kuat

Pristiadaru, D. L. (2023, June 28). Potensi Energi Angin di Indonesia, Tersebar Luas di Berbagai Wilayah. Kompas. Retrieved from https://lestari.kompas.com/read/2023/05/10/100302486/potensi-energi-angin-di-indonesia-tersebar-luas-di-berbagai-wilayah

Puandria. (2023). Mengenal Lebih Dekat Potensi Ekowisata di Indonesia. Retrieved from https://phinemo.com/mengenal-lebih-dekat-potensi-ekowisata-di-indonesia/

Ramadhani, N. (2023, April 2). Investasi Berkelanjutan dan Dampak Positif Bagi Lingkungan. Akseleran. Retrieved from https://www.akseleran.co.id/blog/investasi-berkelanjutan/

Sekretariat Kabinet RI. (2017). Potensi Pengembangan PLTB di Indonesia. Sekretariat Kabinet Republik Indonesia. Retrieved from https://setkab.go.id/potensi-pengembangan-pltb-di-indonesia/

Skha. (2022, November 8). Mengintip Potensi Green Economy di Indonesia dan Kebijakannya. Skha. Retrieved from https://skha.co.id/id/artikel/sektor-publik/energi-utilitas-pertambangan/potensi-green-economy-dan-kebijakannya-di-indonesia/

Tusin, U. (2022, November 15). Penerapan Green Economy di Indonesia: Tantangan dan Perkembangan. LandX. Retrieved from https://landx.id/blog/penerapan-green-economy-di-indonesia-tantangan-dan-perkembangan/

UNEP. (2013). Green Economy and Trade - Trends, Challenges and Opportunities. UNEP. Retrieved from https://www.unep.org/resources/report/green-economy-and-trade-trends-challenges-and-opportunities

United Nations. (2015). Climate Change. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/en/global-issues/climate-change

waste4change. (2022, August 29). Net Zero Emission Indonesia 2060: Langkah Menuju Ekonomi Sirkular. . Waste4change.Com. Retrieved from https://waste4change.com/blog/net-zero-emission-indonesia-2060-menuju-ekonomi-sirkular/

World Bank. (2014). Bank Dunia dan lingkungan di Indonesia. Retrieved from https://www.worldbank.org/in/country/indonesia/brief/world-bank-and-environment-in-indonesia

Yulianti, A. (2015). Ekonomi Hijau (Green Economy) Untuk Mendukung Pembangunan Berkelanjutan di Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung. Retrieved from https://bappeda.babelprov.go.id/content/ekonomi-hijau-green-economy-untuk-mendukung-pembangunan-berkelanjutan-di-provinsi-kepulauan

Yusuf. (2021). Potensi Besar Indonesia pada Ekonomi Hijau dan Digital. Retrieved from https://www.kominfo.go.id/content/detail/38192/potensi-besar-indonesia-pada-ekonomi-hijau-dan-digital/0/berita



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/globalsouth.86381

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 479 | views : 197

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.