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Negosiasi Pemerintah Filipina dengan Amerika Serikat Dalam Rangka Pemberian International Aid di Masa Pandemi COVID-19



Milvania Citantya(1*)

(1) Universitas Sebelas Maret
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Mewabahnya COVID-19 menjadi pandemi global telah memberikan banyak dampak negatif bagi banyak negara, salah satunya bagi negara Filipina. Dalam rangka mengatasi dampak negatif yang diakibatkan oleh COVID-19 di wilayahnya, pemerintah Filipina memutuskan untuk menerima bantuan internasional dari berbagai pihak, salah satunya dari pemerintah Amerika Serikat (AS). Walaupun diberikan oleh pemerintah AS atas dasar nilai – nilai kemanusiaan, bantuan ini tidak sepenuhnya bersih dari kepentingan politik di belakangnya. Pemberian bantuan dari pemerintah AS ini telah berhasil mengubah keputusan politik dari pemerintah Filipina yang semula ingin keluar dari perjanjian keamanan antara AS dengan Filipina, atau lebih dikenal dengan Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA), menjadi bersedia memperpanjang masa berlaku perjanjian tersebut. Lewat studi kasus hubungan antara negara Filipina dengan AS, dapat diketahui bahwa negosiasi dan pemberian bantuan internasional dapat digunakan sebagai alat bagi suatu negara untuk mempengaruhi kebijakan serta keputusan politik negara lain. Sehingga dapat dikatakan bahwa bantuan internasional merupakan salah satu senjata politik dalam pergaulan internasional.


Keywords


Filipina, AS, bantuan internasional, negosiasi, VFA

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