Enhanced Copper Ion Adsorption by Rice Husk and Sugarcane Bagasse-based Magnetic Nanoparticles Biocomposites

  • Iryanti Nata Department of Chemical Engineering, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2610-4513
  • Chairul Irawan Department of Chemical Engineering, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Istnaeny Hudha Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Malang 65125, Indonesia
  • Aceng Lesti Department of Chemical Engineering, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Hersandy Syarkani Department of Chemical Engineering, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia
  • Allam Naufal Department of Chemical Engineering, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia
Keywords: Adsorbent, Bagasse, Biocomposites, Copper, Rice Husk


Rice husk and sugarcane bagasse are biomass waste by-products of agriculture activities. High cellulose content makes them a potential material to develop. Biomass utilization is more interesting to develop due to its high cellulose content and nature abundance. Cellulose from rice husk and sugarcane bagasse is utilized as fiber in producing magnetic biocomposites. The Biocomposites can adsorb Cu(II) ions in aqueous solutions. A one-step solvothermal reaction was used to synthesize biocomposites. The amine functionalization on biocomposites was also studied for adsorption performance. The magnetic particle was generated on the surface of fiber and verified by XRD as Fe3O4. Amine group on biocomposites is also found on 570 cm-1 and 1636 cm−1 peaks for Fe-O bonds and N-H bending, respectively. Batch isothermal adsorption employing magnetic biocomposites has optimal conditions for Cu(II) ions adsorption at pH 5 for 60 minutes, with an adsorption capacity of 118.26 mg/g. The reusability of biocomposites for the next run showed a good performance at 3rd repetitions with only a decrease in adsorption capacity of 8.81%. The rice husk and sugarcane bagasse-based magnetic nanoparticles biocomposites can adsorb Cu(II) ions and potential material to develop for wastewater treatment.


Alimohammadi, V., Seyyed Ebrahimi, S.A., Kashanian, F., Lalegani, Z., Habibi-Rezaei, M., Hamawandi, B., 2022. "Hydrophobic magnetite nanoparticles for bioseparation green synthesis, functionalization, and characterization." Magnetochemistry 8(11), 143.

Annissuzzaman, S.M., Rachel Fran, M., Richmond Pillai, E., 2023. "Porous carrageenan-derived carbons for removal of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solution." ASEAN Journal of Chemical Engineering 23(3), 301-317.

Aryee, A.A., Dovi, E., Li, Q., Han, R., Li, Z., Qu, L., 2022. "Magnetic biocomposite based on peanut husk for adsorption of hexavalent chromium, Congo red and phosphate from solution: Characterization, kinetics, equilibrium, mechanism and antibacterial studies." Chemosphere 287, 132030.

Badawi, A.K., Zaher, K., 2021. "Hybrid treatment system for real textile wastewater remediation based on coagulation/flocculation, adsorption and filtration processes: Performance and economic evaluation." Journal of Water Process Engineering 40, 101963.

Banu Jamaldheen, S., Kurade, M.B., Basak, B., Yoo, C.G., Oh, K.K., Jeon, B.-H., Kim, T.H. 2022., "A review on physico-chemical delignification as a pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for enhanced bioconversion." Bioresour. Technol. 346, 126591.

Barzegar, B., Peighambardoust, S.J., Aghdasinia, H., Foroutan, R., 2023. "Multi-characteristic optimization and modeling analysis of Cu2+ removal from wastewater using activated coke/MnFe2O4 magnetic composite." Journal of Water Process Engineering 53, 103803.

Bhatti, M.M., Sait, S.M., Ellahi, R. 2022. "Magnetic nanoparticles for drug delivery through tapered stenosed artery with blood based non-Newtonian fluid." Pharmaceuticals 15(11), 1352.

de Carvalho Neto, A.G.V., Ganzerli, T.A., Cardozo, A.L., Fávaro, S.L., Pereira, A.G.B., Girotto, E.M., Radovanovic, E., 2014. "Development of composites based on recycled polyethylene/sugarcane bagasse fibers." Polymer Composites 35(4), 768-774.

Dongsar, T.T., Dongsar, T.S., Abourehab, M.A.S., Gupta, N., Kesharwani, P., 2023. "Emerging application of magnetic nanoparticles for breast cancer therapy." Eur. Polym. J. 187, 111898.

Fan, S., Fan, X., Wang, S., Li, B., Zhou, N., Xu, H., 2023. "Effect of chitosan modification on the properties of magnetic porous biochar and its adsorption performance towards tetracycline and Cu2+." Sustainable Chem. Pharm. 33, 101057.

Ghali, L., Msahli, S., Zidi, M., Sakli, F., 2009. "Effect of pre-treatment of Luffa fibres on the structural properties." Mater. Lett. 63(1), 61-63.

Gómez-Pastora, J., Bringas, E., Ortiz, I., 2014. "Recent progress and future challenges on the use of high performance magnetic nano-adsorbents in environmental applications." Chem. Eng. J. 256, 187-204.

Hamza, I.A., Martincigh, B.S., Ngila, J.C., Nyamori, V.O., 2013. "Adsorption studies of aqueous Pb (II) onto a sugarcane bagasse/multi-walled carbon nanotube composite." Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 66, 157-166.

Hao, Y.-M., Man, C., Hu, Z.-B., 2010. "Effective removal of Cu (II) ions from aqueous solution by amino-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles." J. Hazard. Mater. 184(1), 392-399.

Ilindra, Ambuj, Dhake, J.D., 2008. "Microcrystalline cellulose from bagasse and rice straw." Indian J. Chem. Technol. 15, 497-499.

Irawan, C., Nata, I.F., Lee, C.-K., 2019. "Removal of Pb(II) and As(V) using magnetic nanoparticles coated montmorillonite via one-pot solvothermal reaction as adsorbent." J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 7(2), 103000.

Irawan, C., Putra, M.D., Wijayanti, H., Juwita, R., Meliana, Y., Nata, I.F., 2021. "The amine functionalized sugarcane bagasse biocomposites as magnetically adsorbent for contaminants removal in aqueous solution." Molecules 26(19), 5867.

Irawan, C., Refki, M.F., Hidayat, R., Mu'minah, R., Nata, I.F., Putra, M.D., Triantoro, A., 2023. "Synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles coated zirconia using one-pot solvothermal processes as adsorbent for Pb(II) and Cd(II) removal." S. Afr. J. Chem. Eng. 45, 247-255.

lin, S., Lu, Y., Zheng, L., Long, L., Jiang, X., Yan, J., 2024. "Mechanism study of Cu(II) adsorption from acidic wastewater by ultrasonic-modified municipal solid waste incineration fly ash." Chin. J. Chem. Eng. 67, 157-165.

Mc Lein Roger, M.L., II, Cris Vincent, L.M., Allan, N.S., Rugi Vicente, C.R., 2023. "Continuous biosorption of Pb2+ with bamboo shoots (bambusa spp.) using aspen adsorption process simulation software." ASEAN Journal of Chemical Engineering 23(2), 153-166.

Mohadi, R., Saputra, A., Hidayati, N., Lesbani, A., 2014. "Studi interaksi ion logam Mn2+ dengan selulosa dari serbuk kayu." Jurnal Kimia (Journal of Chemistry) 2, 1-8.

Nata, I.F., Irawan, C., Putra, M.D., Wijayanti, H., Dewi, Y.S., Meliana, Y., 2023. "Enhance the surface functionality of sugarcane bagasse and rice husk-based magnetic nanoparticle biocomposites by amine group." AIP Conf. Proc. 2667, 050006

Nata, I.F., Irawan, C., Putra, M.D., Wijayanti, H., Dewi, Y.S., Meliana, Y., 2022a. "A sustainable amine magnetic biocomposite based on rice husk and sugarcane bagasse fiber for lead and contaminant adsorption in aqueous solution." Magnetochemistry 8(12), 183.

Nata, I.F., Mirwan, A., Wicakso, D.R., Irawan, C., Isnaini, M.D., Fitriani, R., 2020a. "Adsorption of Fe3+ ion from Aqueous Solution onto Rice Husk Biocomposite Magnetic Nanoparticle." IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 506, 012006.

Nata, I.F., Salim, G.W., Lee, C.-K., 2010. "Facile preparation of magnetic carbonaceous nanoparticles for Pb2+ ions removal." J. Hazard. Mater 183(1), 853-858.

Nata, I.F., Sureshkumar, M., Lee, C.-K., 2011. "One-pot preparation of amine-rich magnetite/bacterial cellulose nanocomposite and its application for arsenate removal." RSC Adv. 1, 625-631.

Nata, I.F., Wicakso, D.R., Mirwan, A., Irawan, C., Juwita, R., Astuti, N.A., An-Nisa, R.T., 2022b. "High potential of amine rice husk magnetic biocomposites for Cu(II) ion adsorption and heterogeneous degradation of contaminants in aqueous solution." Korean J. Chem. Eng. 39(7), 1919-1926.

Nata, I.F., Wicakso, D.R., Mirwan, A., Irawan, C., Ramadhani, D., Ursulla., 2020b. "Selective adsorption of Pb(II) ion on amine-rich functionalized rice husk magnetic nanoparticle biocomposites in aqueous solution." J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 8(5), 104339.

Nur Afiqah Aina, H., Khee Chung, H., Dita, F., Norashikin Ahmad, K., Nonni Soraya, S., 2022. "Effect of pH on adsorption of Cu2+ by using composite of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/kaolin." ASEAN Journal of Chemical Engineering 22(1), 93-104.

Oliveira, F.B.d., Bras, J., Pimenta, M.T.B., Curvelo, A.A.d.S., Belgacem, M.N., 2016. "Production of cellulose nanocrystals from sugarcane bagasse fibers and pith." Ind. Crops Prod. 93, 48-57.

Pipíška, M., Zarodňanská, S., Horník, M., Ďuriška, L., Holub, M., Šafařík, I. 2020. "Magnetically functionalized moss biomass as biosorbent for efficient Co2+ ions and thioflavin t removal." Materials 13(16), 3619.

Sadek, A.H., Fahmy, O.M., Nasr, M., Mostafa, M.K., 2023. "Predicting Cu(II) adsorption from aqueous solutions onto nano zero-valent aluminum (nZVAl) by machine learning and artificial intelligence techniques." Sustainability 15(3), 2081.

Supranto, S., Tawfiequrrahman, A., Yunanto, D.E., 2015. "Sugarcane Bagasse Conversion to High Refined Cellulose Using Nitric Acid, Sodium Hydroxide and Hydrogen Peroxide as the Delignification Agents." Journal of Engineering Science and Technology 1(2015), 35-46.

Tian, L., Xu, J., Yi, Q., Gong, A., Wen, S., Wang, R., Xu, Z., 2023. "Recovery of copper, lead, zinc, and arsenic from copper smelting dust by oxidative alkaline leaching and sulfide precipitation." JOM 75(9), 3996-4008.

Wang, L., Bao, J., Wang, L., Zhang, F., Li, Y., 2006. "One-Pot synthesis and bioapplication of amine-functionalized magnetite nanoparticles and hollow nanospheres." Chemistry – A European Journal 12(24), 6341-6347.

Yu, J.-X., Wang, L.-Y., Chi, R.-A., Zhang, Y.-F., Xu, Z.-G., Guo, J., 2013. "Competitive adsorption of Pb2+ and Cd2+ on magnetic modified sugarcane bagasse prepared by two simple steps." Appl. Surf. Sci. 268, 163-170.

Yu, S., Sun, J., Shi, Y., Wang, Q., Wu, J., Liu, J., 2021. "Nanocellulose from various biomass wastes: Its preparation and potential usages towards the high value-added products." Environ. Sci. Ecotechnology 5, 100077.

How to Cite
Nata, I., Irawan, C., Hudha, M. I., Lesti, A., Syarkani, M. H., & Naufal, A. (2024). Enhanced Copper Ion Adsorption by Rice Husk and Sugarcane Bagasse-based Magnetic Nanoparticles Biocomposites. ASEAN Journal of Chemical Engineering, 24(1), 79-89. https://doi.org/10.22146/ajche.12236