Catalytic Cracking of Oily Sludge using Nickel Metal Catalyst Embedded in Silica Derived from Adsorbent in a Gas Process Plant

  • Novita Jayanti Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
  • Nazarudin Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Sains and Technology, University of Jambi, Jambi 36361, Indonesia
  • Panut Mulyono Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
Keywords: Catalytic Cracking, Ni Metal, Oily Sludge, RSM, Silica


Abstract. One of the Oily Sludge (OS) recycling methods is through catalytic cracking. This process involves the reaction breaking down large molecules into smaller ones with the help of a catalyst. Nickel (Ni) metal is often used as a catalyst because it can increase fuel liquid yield while reducing the coke formation. To enhance its performance, Ni metal can be embedded in a carrier material like Silica to form the Ni-Silica catalyst. In this research, OS sourced from a Gas Process Plant is treated with catalytic cracking using Ni-Silica, where the Silica used is derived from an Adsorbent activated with NaOH. Optimization of the cracking conditions is carried out using Response Surface Methodology (RSM) with a Box-Behnken design. The optimized cracking reaction conditions include temperature (713 K, 723 K, and 733 K), time (50 min, 60 min, and 70 min), and catalyst-to-OS ratio of 1:5, 1:6, and 1:7. Statistical analysis indicates that the relationship between the reaction condition variables and the Oil Liquid Product (OLP) falls into the moderate category, as shown by the coefficient of determination (R²) of 0.5. The calculated F-value for the deviation from the mathematical model is smaller than the F-Table value (9.2) at both 5% and 1% significance levels, with a value of 0.6. This indicates that the mathematical model generated can be accepted as the mathematical model within the range of reaction conditions in this study. Calculus analysis reveals that the optimum reaction conditions are a temperature of 717.34 K, a time of 58.58 min, and a catalyst-to-OS ratio of 1:6, 15. Canonical analysis indicates that for OLP, λ1= [-12.38], λ2= [-2.27], and λ3= [4.50], where lambda values indicate that the most sensitive response surface parameter for OLP is temperature, followed by the catalyst-to-sample ratio, and the least sensitive is reaction time.


Keywords: Catalytic Cracking, Ni Metal, OS, RSM, Silica


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How to Cite
Jayanti, N., Nazarudin, & Mulyono, P. (2024). Catalytic Cracking of Oily Sludge using Nickel Metal Catalyst Embedded in Silica Derived from Adsorbent in a Gas Process Plant. ASEAN Journal of Chemical Engineering, 24(1), 36-52.