Analysis of ceiling type to produce energy efficient residential buildings: case study on housing design of puskim pu-bandung city

Nurina Vidya Ayuningtyas(1*), Istiana Adianti(2), Jatmika Adi Suryabrata(3)

(1) Study Program of Architecture, Universitas Widya Mataram
(2) Study Program of Architecture, Universitas Widya Mataram
(3) Department of Architecture and Planning, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Many houses that exist on this earth. Therefore, it is necessary to have tactical and intelligent thinking in designing a home. Many things are rarely considered related to the effects of the design of building elements when related to the temperature or the energy produced. Existing background regarding efforts to reach a comfortable temperature can not only be solved in terms of mechanical systems, but the architectural approach can help and provide a comfortable effect for its inhabitants. This research was conducted to determine the level of thermal comfort or temperature in the room of a residential design that would be related to the size of energy consumption by applying several alternative designs or ceiling forms. This type of research is research using simulation methods through a computer model. The results showed the use of ceiling type Vaulted Ceiling was able to increase the Surface Inside Temperature value by 3 ° C when compared to the type of drop ceiling. The Mean Radiant Temperature value when using the ceiling vault type rises 0.6 ° C and on the acquisition of Operative, Temperature rises 0.3 ° C. The use of insulation material on the roof can significantly reduce Mean Radiant Temperature and Operative Temperature at 1.7 ° C at Mean Radiant Temperature and 0.8 ° C at Operative Temperature. Seeing the results of the simulation in this study, the recommended ceiling type is to use the drop ceiling type because it is quite capable of keeping the temperature in the room not too high so that thermal comfort can be achieved. However, if you want to apply a ceiling design with a model or type of drop ceiling, it is better to use additional insulation material so that the heat transmission temperature is not too high in the room.


Drop Ceiling; Vaulted Ceiling; Green Architecture; Energy-Saving Architecture; Thermal Comfort

Full Text:



Akmal, Imelda. 2008. Plafond Kreatif. Gramedia. Jakarta .

Badan Standarisasi Nasional (BSN). 2000 . Konservasi Energi Selubung Bangunan pada Bangunan Gedung, SNI 03-6389-2011. BSN. Jakarta.

Badan Standarisasi Nasional (BSN). 2001. Tata cara perancangan sistem ventilasi dan pengkondisian udara pada bangunan gedung, SNI 03-6572- 2001. BSN. Jakarta.

International Finance Corporation (IFC). 2011. Jakarta Building Energi Efficiency Baseline and Saving Potential Sensitivity Analysis. IFC . Jakarta.

International Organization for Standarization (ISO). 2005. Ergonomics of the thermal environment – Analytical determination and interpretation of thermal comfort using calculation of the PMV and PPD indices and local thermal comfort criteria, ISO EN 7730. 2005.. International Organization for Standardization. Switzerland.

Groat, L., & Wang, D. (2002). Architectural Research Methods. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc

Jain, Vaibhav. 2011. Effect of Operative Temperature Based Thermostat Control As Compared to Air temperature Based Control On Energi Consumption in Highly Glazed Building. Sidney : 12th Conference of International Building Performance Simulation Association : 3-4

Lechner, N. 2001. Heating, Cooling, Lighting metode Desain untuk Arsitektur. Rajagrafindo Persada. Jakarta.

Leung, Christ. Dkk 2012. Sleep Thermal Comfort And The Energi Saving Potential Due To Reduced Indoor Operative Temperature During Sleep. Department Of Building, Civil And Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada.

Saud, Ibnu. 2012. Pengaruh Konfigurasi Window To Wall Ratio, Solar Heat Gain Coefficient Dan Orientasi Bangunan Terhadap Kinerja Termal Selubung Bangunan. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 341 | views : 386


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Nurina Vidya Ayuningtyas, Istiana Adianti, Jatmika Adi Suryabrata

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2019 Jurnal Teknosains     Submit an Article        Tracking Your Submission

Editorial Policies       Publishing System       Copyright Notice       Site Map       Journal History      Visitor Statistics     Abstracting & Indexing