SUBTITUSI SAMPAH ORGANIK DAN TANAH MEDITERAN MENJADI SEMEN ALTERNATIF SELAIN SEMEN PORTLAND

https://doi.org/10.22146/teknosains.33708

Muhammad Syarif(1*), Victor Sampebulu(2), Muh. Wihardi Tjaronge(3), Nasruddin Junus(4)

(1) Hasanuddin University, Makassar
(2) Hasanuddin University, Makassar
(3) Hasanuddin University, Makassar
(4) Hasanuddin University, Makassar
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The results of this study aims to save the environment, through the discovery of new alternative materials by recycling organic waste, household waste, coal waste (fly ash and bottom ash), and substitution of mediteran land and clay into organic cement that is alternative cement in addition portland cement. Test results of organic cement chemical compound using laboratory testing method refers to ASTM C-114 and SNI 15-2049-2004. An indication of resembling a portland cement chemical compound is CaO of 65.36%, SiO₂ 18.84%, AlOO₃ 6.33%, Fe₂O₃ 2.29%, SO₃ 3.64%, MgO 1.35%, C₃S 66 , 72%, C₂S 3.98%, C₃A 12.9%, and C4Af 6.97%. Test methods of physical properties include testing of baseline time and end time and normal consistency value to organic cement, this test refers to ASTM C 191-04 and C 191-08 and ASTM C 187-04. Fineness of organic cement grains that passed in the mesh 200 mesh as much as 56%, more subtle than portland cement is 52%. The solid weight of organic cement is 1200 kg/m3, lighter than portland cement which reaches 1250 kg/m3. The initial setting time for organic cement was 105 minutes, longer than portland cement at 90 minutes. For the organic cement final time at 225 minutes, it was above the end time of portland cement at 180 minutes.

Keywords


bottom ash; fly ash; mediteran soil; organic cement, organic waste; portland cement

Full Text:

PDF


References

Abdi, M. 2016. “Fungsi Tanah Mediteran Bagi Kehidupan” http://www. majalahbatu.com/2016/ 11/fungsi-tanah-mediteran-bagi-kehidupan.html (8 November 2016).

Adrian, M.P. et al., Pengaruh Penambahan Abu Terbang (Fly Ah) Terhadap Kuat Tarik Belah Beton. Jurnal Sipil Statik, Vol. 3. No. 11, November 2015: (726–736. ISSN 2337-6732.

American Society for Testing and Material, (ASTM). Designation C 114-07, “Standard Test Methods For of Chemical Analysis of Hydraulic-Cement”. P 1-32, Current Edition Approved, July 15, 2007. Published August 2007.

American Society for Testing and Material, (ASTM). Designation C 187-04 Standard Test Normal Consistency Of Hydraulic Cement. Copyright ASTM, PA19428-2959 United states.

American Society for Testing and Material, (ASTM). Designation C 188-95,”Standard Test Methods For Density Of Hydraulic Cement”. p 1-2. P 1-2, Current Edition Approved, Sept 10, 1995. Published Nov 1995. Annual book Of ASTM Standards, Vol 14.01-04.02

American Society for Testing and Material, (ASTM). Designation C 191-04,”Standard Test Methods For Time Of Setting Of Hydraulic Cement by Vicat Needle”. P 1-10, Current Edition Approved, June 1, 2008. Published July 2008. Annual book Of ASTM Standards, Vol 14.01

American Society for Testing and Material, (ASTM). Designation C 191-08,”Standard Test Methods For Time Of Setting Of Hydraulic Cement by Vicat Needle” . P 1-8, Current Edition Approved, June 1, 2008. Published July 2008. Annual book Of ASTM Standards, Vol 14.01.

Chirag, G et al., 2014 “Green Concrete Efficient And Eco-Friendly Construction Materials” IMPACT: International Journal of Research in Engineering & Technology (IMPACT: IJRET), ISSN(E): 2321-8843; ISSN(P): 2347-4599 Vol. 2, Issue 2, Feb 2014, 259-264.

Frieska, A. dan Dyah, S. ((2013) “Studi Eksperimental Pembuatan Ekosemen dari Abu Sampah dan Cangkang Kerang sebagai Bahan Alternatif Pengganti Semen” Juernal Teknik Pomits Vol. 2, No. 2, 2013, ISSN: 2337-3539

Kimberly, K. (2010). Tests on Portland Cement. School of Civil Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, Georgia. (book, page 1-27).

Muhammad, S et al., (2017). “A study Of Cement Made From Recycled Gerbage Materials Compared With Portland Cement”. The Third International Cenference on Sustainable Infrastructure and Built Environment (SIBE-2017) in Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), held on September 26-27-2017.

Nicholas, W. B. “Understanding Cement, Low Concrete Strenght, Ten Potential Cement-Related Causes” Copyright WHD Microanalysis Consultan Ltd. United Kingdom (2014).

Oktovianus. (2015). “Pengelolaan Sampah di Kota Makassar Dengan Bank Sampah”. http://artikel-opiniku. blogspot. co.id/2015/08/pengelolaan sampah di kota makassar.html.

Sampebulu’ Victor. (2012). “Influence Of High Temperature On The Workability Of Fresh Ready-Mixed Concrete” ITB Engineering, Vol. 44, No. 1, 2012, 21-32 ISSN 1978-3051.

Sampebulu’ Victor. (2012). “Increase on Strenghts of Hot Weather Concrete by Self-Curing of Wet Porous Aggregat” Civil Engineering Dimension, Vol. 14, No. 2, September 2012, 92-99 ISSN 1410-9530.

Sebayang, S et al., (2012). “Pengaruh Abu Terbang Terhadap Sifat-sifat Mekanik Beton Alir Ringan Alwa”. Jurnal Teknik Sipil UBL, Volume 3 Nomor 1, April 2012.

Standar Nasional Indonesia,(2004). SNI 15-2049-2004. Komponen Kimia Semen Portland.

Standar Nasional Indonesia, SNI 03-6827-2002. Metode Pengujian Waktu Ikat Awal Semen Portland Dengan Menggunakan Alat Vicat.

Tumingan et al., 2016 “Penyerapan dan Porositas Pada Beton Menggunakan Bahan Pond Ash Sebagai Pengganti Pasir” Jurnal Politeknologi Vol. 15 NO. 1 Januari 2016, ISSN 2407-9103

Wahyuning, W. I. (2012) “Pengelolaan Sampah Berbasis “Zero Waste” Skala Rumah Tangga Secara Mandiri” Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Lingkungan Volume 4, Nomor 2, Juni 2012, Halaman 101‐113 ISSN: 2085‐1227.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/teknosains.33708

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 688 | views : 951

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Muhammad Syarif, Victor Sampebulu’, Muh.Wihardi Tjaronge, dan Nasruddin Junus

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.




Copyright © 2019 Jurnal Teknosains     Submit an Article        Tracking Your Submission


Editorial Policies       Publishing System       Copyright Notice       Site Map       Journal History      Visitor Statistics     Abstracting & Indexing